• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Map of Abyani Tribes: Methodology
 

Map of Abyani Tribes: Methodology

on

  • 5,496 views

Ansar al Sharia, the insurgent wing of al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, is still a threat in southern Yemen. Local tribal militias are a de facto mainstay in holding territory recently regained ...

Ansar al Sharia, the insurgent wing of al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, is still a threat in southern Yemen. Local tribal militias are a de facto mainstay in holding territory recently regained from the group. These militias achieved success against Ansar al Sharia in June 2012 by partnering with the Yemeni army and security forces.
The reliance on tribal militias, called popular resistance committees, to hold territory creates a requirement to understand the tribes and the inter-tribal relationships in and around the militias’ areas of operation. The Critical Threats Project has mapped out the tribal regions in Abyan, al Bayda and Shabwah governorates by developing new methodologies that rely on open-source reporting. This slide presentation describes the methodology developed for and used in the Abyani tribes map, part of the publication “Abyani Tribes and al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula in Yemen.” The slides detail the methods and sources used, and give three examples of how a tribal area is plotted.
Please see: http://www.criticalthreats.org/yemen/gordon-map-abyani-tribes-methodology-october-30-2012

Statistics

Views

Total Views
5,496
Views on SlideShare
4,593
Embed Views
903

Actions

Likes
1
Downloads
18
Comments
0

4 Embeds 903

http://www.criticalthreats.org 898
http://131.253.14.66 3
http://www.criticalthreats.org. 1
http://translate.googleusercontent.com 1

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Adobe PDF

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Map of Abyani Tribes: Methodology Map of Abyani Tribes: Methodology Presentation Transcript

    • Map of Abyani Tribes Methodology Sasha Gordon Yemen Analyst Critical Threats Project October 30, 2012 Contact Sasha Gordon at Sasha.Gordon@aei.org
    • Purpose• Describe methodology developed for and used in the Abyani Tribes map, part of the publication Abyani Tribes and al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula• List sources for mapping data• Outline and give examples of three methods used for tribal mapping Contact Sasha Gordon at Sasha.Gordon@aei.org 2
    • Yemen Tribal Mapping Methodology Overview• Sources Used:  Regional Newspapers  Yemeni (e.g., al Masdar Online, Mareb Press, Aden Online)  Saudi (e.g., Okaz, Akhbar al Yom)  Yemeni online forums  Tribal (e.g., alhtribe.net, yafeau.net)  Local online forums (e.g., Abyan Board, Hadramawt Forum)  YouTube  Wikimapia• Sources consulted provide data points on which the map of tribal areas of operation is based. Repetition across sources helps confirm the reliability of the data.• The following slides examine the methods used to map the tribal polygons. Contact Sasha Gordon at Sasha.Gordon@aei.org 3
    • Baseline Method• Determine populated locations with tribal affiliation from the listed sources• Extrapolate polygon from determined points and/or areas This method is used to create a base polygon in all cases. Additional information is then incorporated to modify the polygon. Three examples are described in the following slides: – Method 1: Baseline Method + Geographical and Textual Clues – Method 2: Baseline Method + Descriptions on Yemeni Online Forums – Method 3: Baseline Method + Wikimapia Contact Sasha Gordon at Sasha.Gordon@aei.org 4
    • Method 1:Baseline Method + Geographical and Textual Clues• Employ Baseline Method to extrapolate polygon from determined points and/or areas• Use information and geography as cues to modify polygon• Example: Al Jadana Tribe Contact Sasha Gordon at Sasha.Gordon@aei.org 5
    • Mapping the al Jadana Tribe with Method 11) Reliable Yemeni news sources indicate that the al Jadana tribe operates in Abyan governorate.12) Yemeni newspaper Mareb Press and Saudi newspaper Akhbar al Yom place the tribe in the area around al Lahmar town in Mudia district.2 2 1 Al Lahmar Abyan Contact Sasha Gordon at Sasha.Gordon@aei.org 6
    • Mapping the al Jadana Tribe with Method 13) Yemen newspaper al Oulaye describes al Rawdah village as the central location of the Jadana tribe.34) The polygon is roughly extrapolated from these two points, al Lahmar and al Rawdah (Baseline Method). 3, 4 5 Mudia City Al Lahmar Al Rawdah Paved secondary road Unpaved secondary road5) The polygon is extended along the road to the west approximately 10 km. Mareb Press indicates that this tribe controls a portion of the road in Mudia district leading to Mudia city. Secondary roads are also used as guides.4 Contact Sasha Gordon at Sasha.Gordon@aei.org 7
    • Method 2:Baseline Method + Descriptions on Yemeni Online Forums• Create polygon using Baseline Method• Build upon the base using forums in which Yemenis describe tribal areas• Example:Al Fadhel Tribe (“Fadhli”) Contact Sasha Gordon at Sasha.Gordon@aei.org 8
    • Mapping the al Fadhel Tribe with Method 21) These points are identified as Fadhli territory:5 – Zinjibar district – Zinjibar city – Dirjaj – Al Kud – Shaqra – Yuramis – Ja’awalah – Amudiya – Tiran – Khanfer – Al Khabr Contact Sasha Gordon at Sasha.Gordon@aei.org 9
    • Mapping the al Fadhel Tribe with Method 22) Posts on “Abyan Board,” an online forum, indicates that Fadhli territory has the following boundaries:6 – Al ‘Imad in Aden to the west – Awlaki tribal territory to the east – Making a distance of “about 100 miles” Contact Sasha Gordon at Sasha.Gordon@aei.org 10
    • Mapping the al Fadhel Tribe with Method 23) Polygon is drawn using these points and measurements.* The Awlaki territory’s western border is also roughly determined from the data. Awlaki territory * Polygon later modified to show Marqishi subdivision in Khanfer. Contact Sasha Gordon at Sasha.Gordon@aei.org 11
    • Method 3: Baseline Method + Wikimapia• Create base polygon using Baseline Method• Consult Wikimapia (crowd-sourced data) to enhance base polygon• Example: Audhali Tribe Contact Sasha Gordon at Sasha.Gordon@aei.org 12
    • Mapping the Audhali Tribe with Method 31) Three areas of operation are determined from one or more of the following sources, using Al Bayda the Baseline Method: – Hadramawt Forum7 – Al Masdar Online, al Bida Press, and Mareb Press (Yemeni newspapers)8 – Okaz (Saudi newspaper)9 Abyan Contact Sasha Gordon at 13 Sasha.Gordon@aei.org
    • Mapping the Audhali Tribe with Method 32) Wikimapia’s mapped polygon indicating Audhali tribal area is consulted. “Thaher” Audhalis “Koor” Audhalis Polygon Label: “The Audhali Tribe” Contact Sasha Gordon at Sasha.Gordon@aei.org 14
    • Mapping the Audhali Tribe with Method 33) The polygon is roughly mapped using the determined areas of operation and the polygon on Wikimapia.4) Adjustments are made to polygon based on judgment and reliability of data. For example, this area, which was indicated as belonging to the Audhali on Wikimapia, is not included. Reliable sources indicate that this location is territory of the al Diyani tribe.10 Contact Sasha Gordon at Sasha.Gordon@aei.org 15
    • Contact Sasha Gordon at Sasha.Gordon@aei.org
    • Notes1 “Tribal mediation manages to free prisoners of the Ja’adna,” al Masdar Online, April 18, 2011 [Arabic]. Available:http://www.almasdaronline.com/index.php/print.php?news_id=18696“Abyan: al Ja’adna tribe hands over one of its sons to the Ansar al Sharia courts for a murder trial,” Mareb Press, April 4, 2012 [Arabic]. Available:http://marebpress.net/news_details.php?lng=arabic&sid=422632 “Russian doctor freed after his capture by the Jadana of Mudia,” Akhbar al Yom, October 20, 2008 [Arabic]. Available:http://www.akhbaralyom.net/news_details.php?lng=arabic&sid=5252“Violent explosion shakes legal advisor of Abyan governorate; crisis in Lahmar while mediators try to correct the situation,” Mareb Press, June 5,2007 [Arabic]. Available: http://marebpress.net/nprint.php?sid=62253 “Killer of Ja’adna tribe transported to militants of Ansar al Sharia for trial in Jaar,” al Oulaye, April 6, 2012 [Arabic]. Available:http://aloulaye.com/index.php?option=com_k2&view=item&id=1227:%D9%86%D9%82%D9%84-%D9%82%D8%A7%D8%AA%D9%84-%D9%85%D9%86-%D9%82%D8%A8%D9%8A%D9%84%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AC%D8%B9%D8%A7%D8%AF%D9%86%D8%A9-%D8%A5%D9%84%D9%89-%D9%85%D8%B3%D9%84%D8%AD%D9%8A-%D8%A3%D9%86%D8%B5%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B4%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%B9%D8%A9-%D9%84%D9%85%D8%AD%D8%A7%D9%83%D9%85%D8%AA%D9%87-%D9%81%D9%8A-%D8%AC%D8%B9%D8%A7%D8%B1&Itemid=1044 “Violent explosion shakes legal advisor of Abyan governorate; crisis in Lahmar and mediators try to correct the situation,” Mareb Press, June 5,2007 [Arabic]. Available: http://marebpress.net/nprint.php?sid=62255 “The Fadhli Tribe,” Abyan Board, May 6, 2007 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.abyanboard.net/ab/showthread.php/2536-%D9%82%D8%A8%D9%8A%D9%84%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%81%D8%B6%D9%84%D9%8A“Division of the Fadhli tribes of Abyan governorate,” Abyan Board, April 7, 2012 [Arabic]. Available:http://www.abyanboard.net/ab/showthread.php/9662-%D8%A7%D9%82%D8%B3%D8%A7%D9%85-%D9%82%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%A6%D9%84-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%81%D8%B6%D9%84%D9%8A-%D9%85%D8%AD%D8%A7%D9%81%D8%B8%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D8%A8%D9%8A%D9%86“Fadhli calls on the army and Ansar al Sharia in Zinjibar to implement week-long ceasefire and threatens to take tribal stance against infringers,”al Masdar Online, July 11, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.almasdaronline.com/index.php?page=news&article-section=1&news_id=21233“The tribes…the core and prop of the state,” Okaz, May 21, 2012 [Arabic]. Available:http://www.okaz.com.sa/New/Issues/20120521/Con20120521504668.htm“Tribes of Abyan,” Hadramawt Forum, November 4, 2009 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.hdrmut.net/vb/t301337.html Contact Sasha Gordon at Sasha.Gordon@aei.org 17
    • Notes6 “The Fadhli Tribe,” Abyan Board, May 6, 2007 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.abyanboard.net/ab/showthread.php/2536-%D9%82%D8%A8%D9%8A%D9%84%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%81%D8%B6%D9%84%D9%8A7 “Tribes of Abyan,” Hadramawt Forum, November 4, 2009 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.hdrmut.net/vb/t301337.html8 “Military sources to ‘al Masdar Online’: Military units loyal to revolution head toward Zinjibar to impose security and expel the armed groups[comments section],” al Masdar Online, May 31, 2011 [Arabic]. Available:http://www.almasdaronline.net/index.php/uploads/advs/uploads/issues/pdf/index.php?page=news&news_id=20207“111th Brigade and sons of Lawder and al Audhali tribes foil al Qaeda’s attempt to control Lawder city: 30 terrorists killed,” al Bida Press, April 9,2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.albidapress.net/news.php?action=view&id=19765“Ansar al Sharia shells Lawder with artillery and tanks,” Mareb Press, April 11, 2012 [Arabic]. Available:http://marebpress.net/news_details.php?lang=arabic&sid=425369 “The tribes…the core and prop of the state,” Okaz, May 21, 2012 [Arabic]. Available:http://www.okaz.com.sa/New/Issues/20120521/Con20120521504668.htm10 “Breaking News: One of Ansar al Sharia’s leaders captured in Lawder and sources say that 28 members of Ansar al Sharia were killed,’” YafaNews, April 13, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:eWV7ikKXBc0J:www.yafa-news.net/%3Fp%3D6783+&cd=2&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us“Celebration in Abyan - Marriage of Amtali family of Al Diyan tribe in Um Ayn,” You Tube, May 25, 2012 [Arabic]. Available:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6_eVZRAld4M“Al Diyan,” Wikimapia [Arabic]. Available:http://wikimapia.org/#lat=13.7948129&lon=45.9047316&z=11&l=0&m=b&show=/23103106/%D8%A7%D9%84-%D8%AF%D9%8A%D8%A7%D9%86 (accessed September 4, 2012) Contact Sasha Gordon at Sasha.Gordon@aei.org 18
    • For more on Yemen’s tribes, visit www.criticalthreats.org/yemen Contact Sasha Gordon at 19 Sasha.Gordon@aei.org