Unit 3 nutrition patricia s
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Unit 3 nutrition patricia s

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Unit 3 nutrition patricia s Unit 3 nutrition patricia s Presentation Transcript

  • UNIT 3 NUTRITION
  • 6º A PRIMARY PATRICIA LÓPEZ ÁLVAREZ
  • NUTRITION  The function of nutrition is essential to life. Nutrients give our cells all the energy they need.  The digestive system, the respiratory system, the circulatory system and the excretory system carry out the function of nutrition.
  • THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM  The digestive system transforms food into nutrients. It has two parts, the digestive tract and the digestive glands.
  • The mouth has salivary glands that pruduce saliva, teeth that chew food and tongue that mixes chewed food with saliva to form a ball of food.
  • The pharynx connects the mouth and the oesophagus.
  • The oesophagus transports the food to the stomach
  • The stomach is where the food mixes with gastric juices.
  • The liver secrets bile
  • The pancreas helps in the digestion of proteins.
  • The small intestine is the longest part of the digestive tract. Nutrients pass into the blood through its walls.
  • The large intestine absorbs water which passes to the blood. And finally, undigested substances are expelled through the anus.
  • THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM  The respiratory system is in charge of breathing.
  • BREATHING MAKES TWO MOVEMENTS:  First,we inhale air and it goes into to the lungs.  Then, we exhale air sending it out of the lungs.
  • The nostrils are two openings in the nose. The filter the air that the breathe.
  • The pharynx connects the larynx, the oesophagus and the trachea.
  • THE LARYNX CONTAINS THE VOCAL CORDS. THEY PRODUCE SOUND.
  • The trachea is a tube that takes air into the bronchi
  • The bronchi are two branches of the trachea . They take air to the lungs.
  • The lungs are spongy organs made up of small sacs called alveoli.
  • When we breathe, the oxygen in the air goes to the blood through the alveoli, and the carbon dioxide from the blood is released outside the body.
  • The diaphragm is the muscle that creates the movements involved in breathing
  • THE EXCRETORY SYSTEM  The excretory system filters waste substances from the blood. It removes them from the body through excretion.  The excretory system is made up of:  Sweat glands in the skin. They produce sweat.  The urinary system. This is made up of the kidneys and the urinary tract.
  • THEURINARYSYSTEM  The kidneys are on both sides of spinal column.They remove waste substances fromthe blood and make urine.  The ureters take urinefrom the kidneys to the bladder.  The bladder stores the urine.  The urethra connects the bladder to the outside.
  • THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM  The circulatory system transports nutrients and oxygen to our cells. It is made up of the heart , blood and blood vessels.
  • THE HEART IA A MUSCULAR ORGAN THAT PUMPS BLOOD AROUND THE BODY.
  • The blood collets oxygen from the alveoli and nutrients from the small intestine and transports them to the all cells. It also collects waste substances and takes them to the sweat glands and the urynary system.
  • The blood vessels are the tubes through which blood circulates. There are three types of blood vessels: arteries, vei ns and capillaries.  The arteries carry blood from the heart to the rest of the body.  The veins carry blood from all over the body back to heart.  The capillaries are very thin vessels that reach all the cells of the body.
  • THEBLOOD Blood is a red liquid tissue made up of cells that float in a liquid called plasma. There are three types of blood cells, red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets.  Red blood cells carry oxygen.  White blood cells remove bacteria and viruses from the blood.  Platelets are small fragments of cells that form blood clots when a blood vessel breaks.
  • THEHEART The heart uses rhythmic systole and diastole movements to pumpthe blood aronnd the body. Blood enters the atria through the veins and passes to the ventricles. Between the atria and ventricles, there are valves that prevent blood from flowing back to the atria. Blood comes out of the ventricles, through the arteries and travels all over the body.
  • HUMAN CIRCULATION. HUMAN CIRCULATION IS CLOSED AND DOUBLE.  Human circulation is closed.In mammals, the heart septum separates the two halves of the heart. This prevents blood with oxygen from mixing with the blood carrying carbon dioxide.  Human circulation is double. The blood follows two routes.  A) Pulmonary circulation.  B) Systemic circulation.
  • HUMAN CIRCULATION IS DOUBLE PULMONARY CIRCULATION SYSTEMIC CIRCULATION
  • THE END