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ILLNESS is the opposite of health.We feel tired and our
bodies do not work properly.
coughs,pain or fever,tell us
that our bodies are ill.
TYPES OF ILLNESS.
IILLNESS CAN BE .
Non infectious illness have different causes.Injuries or poor diet can make
Infectious illness are caused by harmful bacteria or viruses.
An illness is contagious when an ill person transmits the illness to a
healthy one. Flu and meassles are contagious illnesses.
Tetanus and salmonellosis are non-contagious illnesses.
Bacteria are unicellular micro-organisms.
.There are two types of bacteria:
-Beneficial bacteria,like the one used in
-Harmful bacteria that can cause illnesses.
These bacteria are called pathogenic
AFFECTED AREA.: NERVOUS SYSTEM
A virus is not a micro-organism.It causes
It is not a living thing but it needs cells to
carry out its life processes.
Viruses cause many illnesses such as
flu,measles ,herpes and AIDS.
Vaccines can prevent some illnesses caused
by viruses or bacteria.
Vaccines introduce into our bodies the
micro_organism or virus that is making us ill.
.The body reacts to the virus and produces
substances to destroy it.
If the micro_organism or virus returns, our
body will recognise it and fight against it.
HOW DO WE TREAT INFECTIONS ?
When viruses or micro_organisms enter our
bodies and cause an infection ,doctors
prescribe different treatments:
INFECTIONS CAUSED BY BACTERIA ARE
TREATED WITH ANTIBIOTICS.
INFECTIONS CAUSED BY FUNGI ARE TREATED
WITH ANTI-FUNGAL MEDICINES
INFECTIONS CAUSED BY VIRUSES ARE ONLY
TREATED WITH MEDICINES THAT HELP TO
REDUCE SYMPTOMS. DOCTORS CAN ALSO
PREVENT THESE INFECTIONS WITH VACCINES.
FIRST AID KIT
It is important to have a first aid kit at home
to treat minor injuries.
It should include the following items: