Our health by Nacho, Alfredo and José


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Our health by Nacho, Alfredo and José

  1. 1.  Health is a state of physical and mentalwell-being when we are healthy we fell well. Illness is the opposite of health, we feel tired when we are ill Symptoms like coughs , pain or fever, tell us that ours bodies are ill
  2. 2.  To stay well, we must have healthy habits: Sleep nine or ten hours ,have a balance diet,eat five meals a day, wash our hands before our meals, breathe fresh air.
  3. 3. It is important to be hygienic : Disinfect wounds . Wash your hands before eating or handling food. Wash uncooked food . Cover your mouth when you cough or sneeze. Do not share eating utensil.
  4. 4.  Non-infectious illness like a broken arm Infectious illnesses are caused by harmful bacteria or viruses. They can be contagious or non-contagious Contagious is when an ill person can trasmit the illness to a healthy person like flu Non-contagious like salmonellosis
  5. 5. Bacteria are unicelular micro-organismsThere are two types of bacteria: Beneficial bacteria , like one used in making yogurt Harmfull bacteria that can cause illnesses.These bacteria are called pathogenic bacteria
  6. 6. A virus is not a micro-organism. It causes infectious illnesses.Is not a living thing but it needs cells to carry out live processes.Viruses cause many illnesses such as flu, measles, herpes and AIDS
  7. 7.  Amoebae : unicellular micro-organismsIllness caused: intestinal illness symptoms:diarrhoea and fever Plasmodia unicellular micro-organismIllness caused:malaria symptoms:dry skin Candida(yeast): unicellular micro-organismIllness caused:demages the skinSymptoms: eczema Fungi: multicellular micro-organismIllness caused: athete´s footSymptoms: dry skin
  8. 8. Pathogenics micro-organisms can enter into our bodies in differents ways: Through the respiratory system, when we´re cough Through the digestive system when we eat contaminated food. Through wounds and cuts in the skin.
  9. 9.  Vaccines can prevent some illnesses caused by viruses or bacteria. Vaccines introduce into our bodies the micro-organism or virus that is making us ill. The body reacts to the virus and produces substances to destroy it. If the micro-organism or virus returns , our body will recognise it and fight against it.
  10. 10.  When viruses or micro-organisms enter our bodies and couse an infecction, doctors prescrcribe different treatments: Infections caused by bacteria are treated whith antibiotics Infections caused by fungi are treated with anti-fungal medicines. Infections causes by viruses are only treated with medicines that help to reduce symptoms. Doctors can also prevent these infections with vaccines.
  11. 11.  It is important to have a first aid kit at homeTo treat minor injuries .It should include the following items:Thermometer, sterile gauze, bandages, cloth adhesive tape, disposable gloves, antiseptic, cotton wool, creams for insect bites and burns, tweezers, round tip scissors, alcohol, plasters, hydrogen