Life of the buddha


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  • Importance of the Dates of the Buddha
  • 1st three exemplify the sufferings of samsara
  • During Siddhartha's early childhood one incident is worthy of mention because it provided him, during this lifetime, with his first taste of spiritual insight. One day, while his father was participating in a state plowing festival, Siddhartha was taken along to witness the ceremony. He was placed under the shade of the Jambu tree whereupon he soon fell into a deep spiritual trance. It was then that he entered into his first stage of spiritual knowledge. When his nurses came to take him away, they found that the shadows of the other trees had moved, but that of the Jambu tree remained still for the purpose of shading the youth.
  • life in Siddhartha's palace, events just prior to Great Departure
  • Date 2nd - 3rd century Location Andhra Pradesh, Nagarjunasagar, Nagarjunakonda
  • "I thought: 'Suppose I were to practice going altogether without food.' Then devas came to me and said, 'Dear sir, please don't practice going altogether without food. If you go altogether without food, we'll infuse divine nourishment in through your pores, and you will survive on that.' I thought, 'If I were to claim to be completely fasting while these devas are infusing divine nourishment in through my pores, I would be lying.' So I dismissed them, saying, 'Enough.'
    "I thought: 'Suppose I were to take only a little food at a time, only a handful at a time of bean soup, lentil soup, vetch soup, or pea soup.' So I took only a little food at a time, only a handful at a time of bean soup, lentil soup, vetch soup, or pea soup. My body became extremely emaciated. Simply from my eating so little, my limbs became like the jointed segments of vine stems or bamboo stems... My backside became like a camel's hoof... My spine stood out like a string of beads... My ribs jutted out like the jutting rafters of an old, run-down barn... The gleam of my eyes appeared to be sunk deep in my eye sockets like the gleam of water deep in a well... My scalp shriveled & withered like a green bitter gourd, shriveled & withered in the heat & the wind... The skin of my belly became so stuck to my spine that when I thought of touching my belly, I grabbed hold of my spine as well; and when I thought of touching my spine, I grabbed hold of the skin of my belly as well... If I urinated or defecated, I fell over on my face right there... Simply from my eating so little, if I tried to ease my body by rubbing my limbs with my hands, the hair — rotted at its roots — fell from my body as I rubbed, simply from eating so little.
    "People on seeing me would say, 'Gotama the contemplative is black. Other people would say, 'Gotama the contemplative isn't black, he's brown.' Others would say, 'Gotama the contemplative is neither black nor brown, he's golden-skinned. So much had the clear, bright color of my skin deteriorated, simply from eating so little.
    Mahasaccaka Sutta
  • Begin in Bodhgaya at the most sacred of all Buddhist sites, the Mahabodhi Temple, which rises next to the very spot Prince Siddhartha Gautama attained enlightenment and became the Buddha more than 2500 years ago.
  • Buddha Sheltered by the Serpent Date 12th C. A.D Location Cambodia
  • sculpture showing Indra and Brahma requesting Sakyamuni Buddha to teach Indra and Brahma entreating the Buddha to teach Date late 1st - 3rd century Location Afghanistan Paitava
  • Ramabhar Stupa (or Rambhar Stupa, Adhana Stupa), in Kushinara (Kushinagar), Uttar Pradesh, India. It was built over a portion of the Buddha's ashes, by the ancient Malla people (the Malla tribe). It is erected on the spot where the Buddha was cremated.
  • Life of the buddha

    1. 1. Lecture 4
    2. 2. he Buddha he Dharma he Sangha (or Community of laypeople and monastics) 2
    3. 3. 66-486 BCE traditional date) . 480-c. 400 BCE 3
    4. 4. iographical fragments in canonical texts  Written in Sanskrit or Pali (maybe only preserved in Chinese or Tibetan)  Discourse on the Noble Quest (Ariyapariyesana-sutta)  Departure from home, early meditative endeavors, decision to preach  Mahaparinibbana Sutta  Last 3 months of the Buddha’s life, his death, and funeral and division of his relics 4
    5. 5. Biographies’  Written in Sanskrit or Pali  Incomplete  “The Great Story” (Mahāvastu) – from birth t0 enlightenment  “The Acts of the Buddha” (Buddhacarita) - @ 1st century CE  Complete  “The Detailed narrative of the Play (of the Buddha)” (Lalitavistara) @ 4th century CE ate Biographies  Written outside of India – SE Asia, Sri Lanka, Tibet and East Asia  Often written in a local vernacular (Sinhalese, Burmese, Japanese, etc.) 5
    6. 6. arliest Buddhist art (2nd century BCE – 1st century CE) – no images of the Buddha as the Buddha     Sanchi (3rd century BCE-1st century CE) Bharhut (100-80 BCE) contain jātakas (previous lives of the Buddha) Scenes of worship at pilgrimage sites he Buddha Image – 2nd century BCE to 7th century CE  Gandharan art for most of my examples (1st-4th centuries)  Also Mathura and Sarnath 6
    7. 7. B uddha  Examples:  The Historical Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, later Śākyamuni  Dipaṃkara  Achieve Awakening through own efforts (caveats), teach  “Fully and Completely Awakened One” (samyak-sambuddha / sammā-sambuddha) a rhat / śrāvaka-buddha / sāvaka-buddha  “Accomplished One (or “Hearer”)  “One Who Awakened as a Disciple”; need the Dharma of a Buddha  Ex. The Buddha’s immediate disciples, Sariputra, Maudgalyana, Ananda p ratyeka-buddha/ pacceka-buddha  “Solitary Buddha”  Achieves Enlightenment through own efforts but do not teach  Possibly an attempt to integrate other religious figures or traditions into Buddhism 7
    8. 8. 1 .3 Ānanda Recounts the Birth of the Buddha (possibly 4th century BCE; Acchariya-abhūta-sutta “The Discourse on the Wonderful and Marvelous” 1 .4 Signs of Suffering (Pali Anguttara Nikāya) 1 .5 The Great Departure: Two Versions A. Pali Jātaka B. The Mūlasarvāstivādin Vinaya “Section on Splitting the Saṇgha” 1 .6 Awakening Achieved “Section on Splitting the Saṇgha”  The Practice of Austerities 8
    9. 9. ūtra (P. Sutta) – the main type of scripture, claiming authenticity as the Word of the Buddha: the part of the Canon that contains the Buddha’s discourses or teachings inaya – the part of the Buddhist Canon that deals with ordination and the religious life 9
    10. 10. ) Existence In Tushita Heaven ) Descent From Tushita Heaven ) Entry Into His Mother’s Womb ) Birth As A Prince ) Proficiency In The Worldly Arts (And Skills) 10
    11. 11. ) Departure From Home - His Renunciation ) Practice Of Austerities ) Defeat Of Mara 0) Enlightenment 1) Turning The Wheel Of Dharma 11
    12. 12. 12
    13. 13. umbini – Birthplace odhgaya – Site of His Enlightenment arnath – Site of First Teaching ushinagar – Death, Cremation, and Division of His Relics 13
    14. 14. 14
    15. 15. 16
    16. 16. 17
    17. 17. 19
    18. 18. 21
    19. 19. 22
    20. 20. Tibetan thangka of 1st Four of the 12 Deeds (painting on silk) 23
    21. 21. 24
    22. 22. 25
    23. 23. 28
    24. 24. 29
    25. 25. 30
    26. 26. sick person n old person corpse world-renouncing ascetic 36
    27. 27. s a young prince, Siddhartha was taken into the fields to witness a plowing contest. He observed men sweating and exerting themselves as well as birds swooping down from the sky devouring insects. He soon became overwhelmed by these events, as they reflected the misery of human life and the inevitability of death. He left the contest and wandered until he found a wood apple tree. He sat beneath this tree and entered into a meditative trance (1st dhyana). This event was a precursor to his subsequent meditation under the bodhi tree.
    28. 28. Tibetan thangka of the Youth of Shakyamuni (painting on silk) 43
    29. 29. 1 .3 Ānanda Recounts the Birth of the Buddha (possibly 4th century BCE; Acchariya-abhūta-sutta “The Discourse on the Wonderful and Marvelous” 1 .4 Signs of Suffering (Pali Anguttara Nikāya) 1 .5 The Great Departure: Two Versions A. Pali Jātaka B. The Mūlasarvāstivādin Vinaya “Section on Splitting the Saṇgha” .6 Awakening Achieved “Section on Splitting the Saṇgha” 1 44
    30. 30. 45
    31. 31. 46
    32. 32. 52
    33. 33. 53
    34. 34. 54
    35. 35. 55
    36. 36. 57
    37. 37. 59
    38. 38. 61
    39. 39. ame lit. means “death” or “maker of death” mbodies lust, greed, false views, delusion and illusion; most importantly tṛṣṇā (lit. ‘thirst’) ctive antagonist of the Buddha and his followers ries to get the Bodhisattva to become a good Brahmin ater accounts send armies and daughters to frighten and tempt the Buddha 62
    40. 40. 63
    41. 41. 65
    42. 42. 66
    43. 43. 74
    44. 44. 75
    45. 45. 77
    46. 46. 78
    47. 47. 79
    48. 48. 81
    49. 49. 82
    50. 50. 83
    51. 51. .10 The “Death” and Parinirvāṇa of the Buddha – Mahāparinirvāṇa Sūtra aying Homage to the Buddha’s Body ast Words of the Buddha 84
    52. 52. 85
    53. 53. 88
    54. 54. inakālamāli “Garland of the Times of the Victorious Ones (Buddhas)” 6th century, Northern Thailand 89
    55. 55. 90
    56. 56. 91
    57. 57. aya or Mayadevi – the Buddha’s mother huddhodhana – King and the Buddha’s father arvarthasiddha, “One Who Accomplishes All His Goals,” shortened to Siddhartha – the Buddha’s given name ashodhara – the Buddha’s wife 92 ahula – lit. means “fetter, bond, or leash” the Buddha’s