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Presentation Amsterdam Zoltan Kovacs
Presentation Amsterdam Zoltan Kovacs
Presentation Amsterdam Zoltan Kovacs
Presentation Amsterdam Zoltan Kovacs
Presentation Amsterdam Zoltan Kovacs
Presentation Amsterdam Zoltan Kovacs
Presentation Amsterdam Zoltan Kovacs
Presentation Amsterdam Zoltan Kovacs
Presentation Amsterdam Zoltan Kovacs
Presentation Amsterdam Zoltan Kovacs
Presentation Amsterdam Zoltan Kovacs
Presentation Amsterdam Zoltan Kovacs
Presentation Amsterdam Zoltan Kovacs
Presentation Amsterdam Zoltan Kovacs
Presentation Amsterdam Zoltan Kovacs
Presentation Amsterdam Zoltan Kovacs
Presentation Amsterdam Zoltan Kovacs
Presentation Amsterdam Zoltan Kovacs
Presentation Amsterdam Zoltan Kovacs
Presentation Amsterdam Zoltan Kovacs
Presentation Amsterdam Zoltan Kovacs
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Presentation Amsterdam Zoltan Kovacs

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  • 1. Institutional change and new development paths in post-socialist cities Zoltán Kovács (Budapest) Accomodating Creative Knowledge: Urban and Regional Policy Perspective Amsterdam 27th May 2009
  • 2. CONDITIONS OF URBAN DEVELOPMENT PRIOR TO 1990
    • ECONOMY dominant industry, international isolation
    SOCIETY homogenization, state control of housing and labour market LAND USE no land-rent, mix of urban functions (e.g. CBD is missing) PLANNING strong central control (top down) MORPHOLOGY compact city POLITICS no real self-governance
  • 3.  
  • 4.  
  • 5. CONDITIONS OF URBAN DEVELOPMENT AFTER 1990
    • ECONOMY deindustrialisation, globalisation
    SOCIETY polarisation, new forms of segregation LAND USE specialisation, fragmented city PLANNING local control (buttom up) MORPHOLOGY urban sprawl POLITICS shift of power to the local level
  • 6. Participants of ACRE
  • 7. Typology of cities according to position in urban hierarchy and population dynamics shrinking Very high Riga shrinking Low Poznan growing High Sofia shrinking High Budapest stagnating Low Leipzig Population dynamics Level of primacy
  • 8. The typology of transition
    • Leipzig – incorporated by the West German system
    • Budapest, Poznan – early birds , slowing down
    • Riga – late comer , speeding up
    • Sofia – late comer , controversial
  • 9. Typology of cities according to their historical pathways
  • 10. Characteristics of different city regions in the ACRE project
  • 11. The weight of creative and knowledge intensive industries on the labour market
  • 12. Source: ACRE reports 2.1-2.13 18 11 7 Poznan 21 10 11 Dublin 22 16 6 Toulouse 22 10 12 Barcelona 24 17 7 Helsinki 25 16 9 Leipzig 25 19 6 Birmingham 26 18 8 Amsterdam 27 19 8 Sofia 29 23 6 Riga 29 21 8 Munich 29 16 13 Budapest 31 17 14 Milan Creative and knowledge intensive industries (%) Knowledge intensive industries (%) Creative industries (%) City regions  
  • 13.  
  • 14.  
  • 15.  
  • 16.  
  • 17. The opinion of workers in creative and knowledge intensive industries
  • 18. Main r easons to live in the city Friends Place of birth Job opportunity Friends Job 4 Studies Studies Family Place of birth Studies 3 Family Family Place of birth Family Family 2 Place of birth Job Studies Job Place of birth 1 Sofia Riga Poznan Leipzig Budapest
  • 19. Main concerns about the city region Air pollution Drug Security Drug Agressive behav iour 3 Safety Agressive behav iour Dwelling prices Agressive behav iour Pollution 2 Traffic Traffic Traffic Job security Homelessness 1 Sofia Riga Poznan Leipzig Budapest  
  • 20. Challenges for creative and knowledge intensive industries in ECE cities
    • Lack of cooperation between local/regional authorities
    • Lack of clear strategies
    • Immature civil society
    • Ethnic, cultural intolerance
    • High level of bureaucracy (and corruption)
    • Outflow of talent
  • 21. Thank you for your attention!

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