Presentation Amsterdam Sako Musterd

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Presentation Amsterdam Sako Musterd

  1. 1. Accommodating creative knowledge Sako Musterd Urban Geography University of Amsterdam
  2. 2. or: The (preferably) Overnight Making of the Creative City Source: Built Environment 2004, 30 (3)
  3. 3. ACRE project objective <ul><li>Objective: </li></ul><ul><li>learn more about the conditions that are important to the development of creative and knowledge intensive industries in various European urban regions </li></ul>
  4. 4. Creative industries <ul><li>Advertising, architecture, arts and antiques, crafts, design, designer fashion, video, film, music, photography, visual and performing arts, publishing, computer games, software and electronic publishing, radio and TV </li></ul>
  5. 5. Knowledge intensive industries <ul><li>Law (legal sector, accounting, bookkeeping, auditing, etc), financial sector, R&D, ICT, higher education </li></ul>
  6. 6. ACRE project focus <ul><li>What are the development paths of creative knowledge regions and how are these informed by the wider economic and societal contexts? </li></ul><ul><li>How important are hard (classic), soft and other conditions for the creative and knowledge intensive industries in European urban regions? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the settlement considerations of managers, highly skilled employees and transnational migrants in the creative knowledge sector when they decide to settle in an urban area? </li></ul>
  7. 7. ACRE – Accommodating Creative knowledge – Competitiveness of European Metropolitan Regions <ul><li>EU 6 th framework programme, Integrated Project </li></ul><ul><li>October 2006-2010 </li></ul><ul><li>4.5 Million Euro </li></ul><ul><li>13 urban regions / partners </li></ul>Amsterdam Barcelona Birmingham Budapest Dublin Helsinki Leipzig Milan Munich Poznan Riga Sofia Toulouse
  8. 9. Development paths: wider economic and social contexts; main factors <ul><li>Position due to the development of the European city system </li></ul><ul><li>The impact of the industrial revolution on the urban region </li></ul><ul><li>The question whether the urban region has a key political or economic decision-making function </li></ul><ul><li>The question whether urban regions are pushed forward by policies aimed at stimulating regional economies </li></ul>
  9. 10. Hypothetical ranking of urban regions on deep structural positions Known as (inter)national political and economical decision making centres Internationally known historical-cultural centres Cities with good governance and financial & organisational resources Cities with high-tech or early service profile, never dominated by just one sector Active innovation and technology policy Welcoming and pluralistic
  10. 11. Theory and Reality: Confronting theoretical positions based on deep structural positions with employment and GDP information per region 13 European metropolitan regions (data for 2000-2006)
  11. 12. Employment in creative and knowledge intensive industries in 13 European metropolitan regions (data for 2000-2006) 0 - + 0 - - - - + + + + + Theoretical top (structural positions) Medium 19 6 Birmingham Low 11 7 Poznan Medium 16 6 Toulouse Low 16 9 Leipzig Low 19 8 Sofia Low 23 6 Riga Medium 17 14 Milan Low (< 25,000) 16 13 Budapest Medium 18 13 Helsinki High 21 8 Munich High 10 11 Dublin Medium (25-50,000) 10 12 Barcelona High (50,000+) 18 8 Amsterdam GDP per capita in the region in knowledge intensive industries (%) Employment in creative industries (%) City regions
  12. 13. Discrepancy perhaps due current ‘hard’ or ‘classic’ conditions … <ul><li>agglomeration economies (clustering) </li></ul><ul><li>connections (road, air, water, rail, telecommunications) </li></ul><ul><li>capital </li></ul><ul><li>labour (jobs available) </li></ul><ul><li>wider institutional setting (including taxes regimes, etc.) </li></ul>
  13. 14. Estimated position on hard conditions <ul><li>Milan, Munchen, Amsterdam </li></ul><ul><li>Helsinki, Barcelona, Dublin, Leipzig </li></ul><ul><li>Birmingham, Budapest, Riga, Toulouse </li></ul><ul><li>Poznan, Sofia </li></ul>
  14. 15. … or current ‘soft conditions’ … <ul><li>Attractiveness (urban atmosphere; housing availability and affordability) </li></ul><ul><li>Diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Welcoming </li></ul><ul><li>Historical assets </li></ul><ul><li>Tolerance </li></ul><ul><li>Openness </li></ul><ul><li>Safe </li></ul>
  15. 16. Estimated position on ‘soft’ conditions <ul><li>W.Europa: Amsterdam, Munich, Barcelona </li></ul><ul><li>E. Europa: Budapest, Leipzig, Riga </li></ul>
  16. 17. … or ‘network’ conditions … <ul><li>Born in the region </li></ul><ul><li>Family lives here </li></ul><ul><li>Studied in the city </li></ul><ul><li>Proximity to friends </li></ul>
  17. 18. First empirical results based on our ACRE large-scale surveys among high-skilled employees, managers, and transnational migrants
  18. 19. Percentage of highly skilled employees that ranked indicators as most important, classified as indicators for networks, hard, and soft factors ( red : > 1 st. dev. above the mean). (n) 100,0% 7,9% 12,5% 15,3% St.dev. (2580) 100,0% 13,9% 32,5% 53,6% Total (229) 100,0% 10,0% 40,2% 49,8% Dublin ( 191) 100,0% 8,4% 30,4% 61,3% Milan ( 192) 100,0% 10,9% 42,2% 46,9% Toulouse ( 198) 100,0% 31,8% 15,2% 53,0% Riga ( 193) 100,0% 16,6% 23,8% 59,6% Poznan (186) 100,0% 14,0% 57,0% 29,0% Munich (180) 100,0% 14,4% 47,8% 37,8% Leipzig (222) 100,0% 10,2% 38,2% 51,1% Helsinki (197) 100,0% 5,1% 24,4% 70,6% Budapest (171) 100,0% 5,8% 39,2% 55,0% Birmingham (200) 100,0% 11,0% 27,0% 62,0% Barcelona (221) 100,0% 26,2% 35,3% 38,5% Amsterdam City Total &quot;soft factors&quot; &quot;hard factors&quot; “ networks&quot; Ranked 1 under networks, hard factors and soft factors
  19. 20. Some conclusions <ul><li>Difference is key word </li></ul><ul><li>No systematic divide between E. and W. Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Networks are highly important </li></ul><ul><li>Hard and soft and networks </li></ul><ul><li>Not just deep structural conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Policies may matter </li></ul>

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