Madagascar Final

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Int'l Bus. in Madagascar

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  • Madagascar Final

    1. 1. A Continent Forgotten A country defined by culture C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5GECBVZ15MCj01894140000[1].jpg MADAGASCAR
    2. 2. <ul><li>Island nation off the coast of Africa </li></ul><ul><li>About the same size as Texas </li></ul><ul><li>4 th largest island & 46 th largest country </li></ul><ul><li>Population 20 million </li></ul><ul><li>Capital City : Antananarivo (2 million) </li></ul><ul><li>+3 Greenwich Mean Time (9-10 hours ahead of Chicago) </li></ul>C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5VVCV30TSMCj01288670000[1].wmf C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE55A3U8Y0YMCj01617320000[1].wmf Overview
    3. 3. <ul><li>Home to 5% of the world plants and animal species </li></ul><ul><li>80% of the animals are unique to the island </li></ul><ul><li>70 varieties of lemurs </li></ul><ul><li>The World’s #1 conservation priority </li></ul><ul><li>Undiscovered species are going extinct before scientist can identify them </li></ul>C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5VVCV30TSMCj00841280000[1].wmf C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5GECBVZ15MCj03302290000[1].wmf Biodiversity
    4. 4. Malawi_farmer in Kasungu_poor harvest.JPG <ul><li>Madagascar is VERY different from their African neighbors! </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural intricacies are shaped by </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ancestry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Politics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Very conservative social values </li></ul></ul>Culture
    5. 5. <ul><li>Former French colony </li></ul><ul><li>Independence, June 26, 1960 </li></ul><ul><li>Mid 1800’s American pirates brought </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pepper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vanilla </li></ul></ul>C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5VVCV30TSMCPE07090_0000[1].wmf C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5GECBVZ15MCBD05735_0000[1].wmf History
    6. 6. <ul><li>Rice is the main part of the Malagasy diet </li></ul><ul><li>Meals eaten on the floor </li></ul><ul><li>3-4 servings, followed by dessert </li></ul><ul><li>No drinks or appetizers are served </li></ul><ul><li>Hierarchal sitting, serving and eating order </li></ul>C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5VVCV30TSMPj04021980000[1].jpg Food
    7. 7. Fady , or Food Taboos forbid eating: <ul><li>Pork </li></ul><ul><li>Eels </li></ul><ul><li>Sea Turtles </li></ul><ul><li>Cows without horns </li></ul>C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5VVCV30TSMCj04241340000[1].wmf C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5GECBVZ15MCj04174840000[1].wmf C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5GECBVZ15MCj04241200000[1].wmf Taboos
    8. 8. <ul><li>Two sub-groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indonesian descent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>African descent </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ancestors are worshiped like gods </li></ul><ul><li>Elders posses powers because they are closer to the afterlife </li></ul>C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5VVCV30TSMCj03329000000[1].wmf C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5GECBVZ15MCj03644980000[1].wmf C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5GECBVZ15MCj04075840000[1].wmf Ancestry
    9. 9. <ul><li>All religions are influenced by less traditional cultural beliefs that are unique to the island </li></ul><ul><li>52% Traditional Tribal beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>41% Christians </li></ul><ul><li>7% Islamic </li></ul>C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5VVCV30TSMPj04412460000[1].jpg C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5OSTAK1JGMCj04124580000[1].wmf Religion
    10. 10. <ul><li>Malagasy and French are the National Languages </li></ul><ul><li>Malagasy is the daily spoken language by 98% of the population </li></ul><ul><li>French is used in formal situations or with outsiders </li></ul>C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5YUX0VU8QMPj04365770000[1].jpg Language
    11. 11. C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5VVCV30TSMPj04394220000[1].jpg <ul><li>80% of the population can read and write </li></ul><ul><li>Free and compulsory age 6-14 </li></ul><ul><li> School system structure is similar to the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary school is completed by age 18 </li></ul>Education
    12. 12. <ul><li>Somewhat formal, but friendly and approachable </li></ul><ul><li>Family Harmony ( Fihavanana ) can make things unpredictable </li></ul>C:Program Files (x86)Microsoft OfficeMEDIACAGCAT10j0149481.wmf Business Culture
    13. 13. MEN: <ul><li>Light weight suits </li></ul><ul><li>Slacks and a collared shirt </li></ul><ul><li>Women: Conservative, stylish </li></ul><ul><li>Skirts (cut below the knee) </li></ul><ul><li>Dress pants (loose fitting) </li></ul><ul><li>Blouses (loose fitting, not low cut, and not sleeveless) </li></ul>C:Program Files (x86)Microsoft OfficeMEDIACAGCAT10j0186348.wmf C:Program Files (x86)Microsoft OfficeMEDIACAGCAT10j0292020.wmf Business Dress
    14. 14. <ul><li>Avoid using first names </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mr. (mister) = Monsieur </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mrs. (misses) = Madame </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ms. (miss) = Mademoiselle </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Most businessmen do not have business cards! </li></ul>C:Program Files (x86)Microsoft OfficeMEDIACAGCAT10j0234687.gif Titles and Business Cards
    15. 15. <ul><li>Be on time for all meetings! </li></ul><ul><li>In the city meetings start 20 minutes late </li></ul><ul><li>Anywhere outside the city expect meetings to start 2 hours late! </li></ul><ul><li>Outside the capital people go by Malagasy time ( Fotoona Gasy ) </li></ul>C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5C6321D03MPj04385980000[1].jpg C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5C6321D03MCj04127720000[1].wmf Meetings
    16. 16. <ul><li>You will be quoted at least double the real price </li></ul><ul><li>Some will not negotiate </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t expect to pay the same price locals pay </li></ul>C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5I4PGN514MMj03034810000[1].gif Negotiating in the Market
    17. 17. <ul><li>Most important thing is to have patience </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid vague terms </li></ul><ul><li>Ask for a tour </li></ul><ul><li>Most will give you their best offer the first time </li></ul>C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE55JQNUN6MMPj04384780000[1].jpg Negotiating in business
    18. 18. <ul><li>Government officials have ultimate power </li></ul><ul><li>A cash donation is expected for their troubles </li></ul><ul><li>Refusing to be charitable can result in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Denial of license w/o cause </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consistently loosing paperwork! </li></ul></ul>C:Program Files (x86)Microsoft OfficeMEDIACAGCAT10j0300840.wmf C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5GECBVZ15MCj04395910000[1].png Bribes
    19. 19. <ul><li>Considered inappropriate in the business setting </li></ul><ul><li>Gifts can be wrapped or unwrapped </li></ul><ul><li>Thoughtfulness counts most! </li></ul><ul><li>Birthdays are generally not celebrated! </li></ul>C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE55A3U8Y0YMCj04402610000[1].wmf C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5OSTAK1JGMCj04382450000[1].wmf Gift Giving
    20. 20. C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5GECBVZ15MCj04375210000[1].wmf <ul><li>Men and Women should both shake hands </li></ul><ul><li>Shake with your Right Hand </li></ul><ul><li>While holding your Right Arm below the Elbow with your Left Hand </li></ul>Greetings
    21. 21. C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE55A3U8Y0YMCj03983830000[1].wmf <ul><li>Very Direct and to the point </li></ul><ul><li>They will tell you exactly the way things are! </li></ul>Communication Styles
    22. 22. <ul><li>Very little space between business colleagues </li></ul><ul><li>Even less between friends and family </li></ul><ul><li>It’s rude to move away, unless you’re visibly ill </li></ul>C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE55A3U8Y0YMCj01572150000[1].wmf C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5OSTAK1JGMCj04257960000[1].wmf Personal Space
    23. 23. C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5OSTAK1JGMCj02959150000[1].wmf <ul><li>When having a conversation it’s common to touch: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Arms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shoulders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elbows </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In the business setting there is less touching between opposite sexes </li></ul>C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5GECBVZ15MCj03102420000[1].wmf Touching
    24. 24. <ul><li>Like in the U.S. making eye contact is okay! </li></ul><ul><li>Just DON’T Stare, it’s rude! </li></ul>C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5VVCV30TSMCj04377970000[1].wmf C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5GECBVZ15MCj04298070000[1].wmf Eye Contact
    25. 25. <ul><li>Women should be stern when rejecting local men! </li></ul><ul><li>Businesswomen shouldn't drink in public </li></ul>C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5GECBVZ15MCj01521650000[1].wmf C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5GECBVZ15MCj01521590000[1].wmf C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5OSTAK1JGMCj03291590000[1].wmf Gender Issues
    26. 26. <ul><li>It’s OK to POINT, with your index finger </li></ul><ul><li>But make sure your finger is bent </li></ul>C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5OSTAK1JGMCj00787100000[1].wmf C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5VVCV30TSMCj00787330000[1].wmf C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5OSTAK1JGMCj00787090000[1].wmf Gestures
    27. 27. <ul><li>Monday-Friday </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Morning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> 8am to 12 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lunch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>12 to 2pm </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Afternoon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2pm till 4-ish </li></ul></ul></ul>C:Program Files (x86)Microsoft OfficeMEDIACAGCAT10j0234131.wmf C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE55A3U8Y0YMCj04298710000[1].wmf Business Hours
    28. 28. <ul><li>Agricultural based </li></ul><ul><li>Leading Exports </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vanilla </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shellfish </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sugar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Textiles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chromites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Petroleum </li></ul></ul>C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5GECBVZ15MCj02957700000[1].wmf <ul><li>85% Live at the poverty level, living on less than $2 a day </li></ul>Economy
    29. 29. <ul><li>Local currency: MGA Malagasy Ariary </li></ul><ul><li>Most banks and ATM’s only accept Visa </li></ul><ul><li>ATM’s have a $200 withdraw limit </li></ul><ul><li>Currency exchanged at banks or the airport </li></ul>C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE55A3U8Y0YMCj03102320000[1].wmf C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5OSTAK1JGMCj04247840000[1].wmf Money
    30. 30. <ul><li>Instability began in 2001’s presidential election </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Both candidates declared a win </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Two rival capital cities until 2005 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The new president and a newly elected mayor of the capital city were at odds </li></ul><ul><li>Newly elected mayor threw the president out of office, and it is now his </li></ul><ul><li>March, 2009 elected president acknowledges the coup </li></ul>Politics
    31. 31. <ul><li>Physical harassment and crime are very rare </li></ul><ul><li>Women travelers can feel very safe </li></ul><ul><li>Men travelers may be harassed by “hordes of prostitutes” </li></ul>C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5OSTAK1JGMCj01285600000[1].wmf What to know before visiting
    32. 32. C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5VVCV30TSMCj03474450000[1].wmf <ul><li>AIDS only affects one half of 1% of the population </li></ul><ul><li>Malaria </li></ul><ul><li>Rabies </li></ul><ul><li>Plague </li></ul>C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5GECBVZ15MCj04343850000[1].wmf C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE55A3U8Y0YMCj04338240000[1].png Health
    33. 33. <ul><li>You can travel by cargo ship, or if you’re lucky a yacht! </li></ul><ul><li>Limited Sleep </li></ul><ul><li>Poor eating conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Turbulent Seas </li></ul>C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5VVCV30TSMCj04136260000[1].wmf C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE55A3U8Y0YMCj04136080000[1].wmf Traveling by sea
    34. 34. <ul><li>International Flights arrive at Ivato </li></ul><ul><li>Round Trip Tickets for today out of O’Hare = $2,875 </li></ul>C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE55A3U8Y0YMCj04242060000[1].wmf Traveling by air
    35. 35. U.S. v. Madagascar
    36. 36. <ul><li>Conservation issues </li></ul><ul><li>Political instability </li></ul><ul><li>Corruption </li></ul><ul><li>Unpredictable business practices </li></ul>C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5YUX0VU8QMCPE01941_0000[1].wmf C:UsersQuad64AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsTemporary Internet FilesContent.IE5I4PGN514MCj04244680000[1].wmf Recommendations
    37. 37. madagascar3.eps Questions?
    38. 38. Antananarivo_Street.JPG
    39. 39. Antsirabe Catholic Church.JPG
    40. 40. bombetoka_aster_23aug00_lrg.jpg
    41. 41. bus.JPG
    42. 42. Isalo_National_Park_01.jpg
    43. 43. lemur3.jpg
    44. 44. lil lemur.jpg
    45. 45. lizard.jpg
    46. 46. Mada03-0032 rice patties.jpg
    47. 47. Marc Ravalomanana.jpg
    48. 48. USMAP.jpg

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