The Onomyicon
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The Onomyicon

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There are many words in english that end with the suffix "-nym" or "-nymy". This comes from the ancient Greek ὄνυμα, meaning "name" or "word", and could even be loosely translated as "state of ...

There are many words in english that end with the suffix "-nym" or "-nymy". This comes from the ancient Greek ὄνυμα, meaning "name" or "word", and could even be loosely translated as "state of being".

A categorization of onomastic terminology is a helpful step in understanding data. In the automated creation of a semantic model, it is neccessary to develop patterns. Semantic models are primarily composed of space (static information) and time (process / event oriented). Patterns built around onoma help is deriving the former.

This is not a complete list of all Onoma. In many respects, the class of words ending with "-nym" could be considered open. Neologism (the type of words belonging to the class "neonym") can be easily created to describe any category for any entity type.

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  • akron: highest, extreme Original Word: ἄκρον, ου, τό Part of Speech: Noun, Neuter Transliteration: akron Phonetic Spelling: (ak'-ron) Short Definition: the end, extremity Definition: the end, extremity. so is “lol” or “rotfl” an acronym? Divide into “pronoucable acronym / unprouncable acronym”
  • An original eponym of a trademark term that becomes so well established that it is used to define other objects that share its own definition.
  • An apronym is a kind of acronym. While many acronyms are just bunches of letters determined by the initials of the phrases they represent, such as JBOLDBTIOTPTR for some of this sentence, apronyms have a meaning even if you don't know what the letters stand for. Usually, an apronym starts from a word or phrase, and somebody 'expands' that by working out a phrase which the original word/phrase can stand for. The expansion must have some relevance to the apronym intself. First Mention: http://web.archive.org/web/20100526094058/http://www.co.nz/cgi/forums/show.cgi?id=acronyms&user=&session=&show=1045698896
  • Apto-Anthro-Tauto-Nym Apto-Tauto-Nym Apto-Anthro-Nym Apto-(anything)-Nym So rather than creating complex hierarchies, just use sub class typing to your advantage (something can be an “Aptonym”, “Anthronym”, “Tautonym”) but that doesn’t mean you necessarily need to create a class called “Aptoanthrotautonym”.
  • Strong’s 798: astron: a star Original Word: ἄστρον, ου, τό Part of Speech: Noun, Neuter Transliteration: astron Phonetic Spelling: (as'-tron) Short Definition: a star Definition: a star.
  • Strong’s 979 bios: life, living Original Word: βίος, ου, ὁ Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration: bios Phonetic Spelling: (bee'-os) Short Definition: life, manner of life, livelihood Definition: (a) life, (b) manner of life; livelihood.
  • Strong’s 939: basis: a foot Original Word: βάσις, εως, ἡ Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration: basis Phonetic Spelling: (bas'-ece) Short Definition: the foot Definition: a step; hence: a foot.
  • The difference between “Apronym”, “Backronym” and the “Contrived Acronym” classes of Onoma are very slight. Most apronyms are contrived. However, there may exist a class of apronyms that are not-contrived (coincidental). A contrived acronym suggests purposeful intent from the beginning. A backronym may occur after the fact – “ Amber Alert” is not a deliberately designed acronym, but back-formation does exist.
  • Strong’s 5536: chréma: a thing that one uses or needs Original Word: χρῆμα, ατος, τό Part of Speech: Noun, Neuter Transliteration: chréma Phonetic Spelling: (khray'-mah) Short Definition: money, riches Definition: money, riches, possessions.
  • Strong’s 1218: démos: a district or country, the common people, esp. the people assembled Original Word: δῆμος, οῦ, ὁ Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration: démos Phonetic Spelling: (day'-mos) Short Definition: the people, multitude, rabble Definition: properly: the people, especially citizens of a Greek city in popular assembly, but in NT, multitude, rabble.
  • Implication appears to be that there was a choice (rather than coincidence)
  • Strong’s 1484: ethnos: a race, a nation, pl. the nations (as distinct from Isr.) Original Word: ἔθνος, ους, τό Part of Speech: Noun, Neuter Transliteration: ethnos Phonetic Spelling: (eth'-nos) Short Definition: a race, people, the Gentiles Definition: a race, people, nation; the nations, heathen world, Gentiles. < ethno- comb. form + -nym, as in homonym n., pseudonym n.; apparently < Russian étnonim (compare, for example, Sovetskaya Étnografiya (1946), IV. 34); also étnonimika ‘ethnonymics’, the study of ethnonyms (1939).
  • < pseudo- comb. form + -onym comb. form, probably after either French pseudonyme (1800 with reference to an author, 1834 with reference to people using an alias in general) or German Pseudonym (beginning of the 19th cent.; 17th cent. in Latinate form †Pseudonymus ), both in sense ‘false or fictitious name’, themselves after ancient Greek ψευδώνυμος under a false name, falsely named. Compare also Swedish pseudonym (1818 in sense 1; 1714 in sense ‘pseudonymous work’), Italian pseudonimo (1821). Compare earlier pseudonymal adj., pseudonymous adj.
  • Strong’s 2041 ergon: work Original Word: ἔργον, ου, τό Part of Speech: Noun, Neuter Transliteration: ergon Phonetic Spelling: (er'-gon) Short Definition: work, labor, action, deed Definition: work, task, employment; a deed, action; that which is wrought or made, a work.
  • Strong’s 2036: : answer, bid, bring word, command Original Word: ἔπω Phonetic Spelling: (ep'-o) Short Definition: answer ancient Greek ἐπώνυμος (a.) given as a name, (b.) giving one's name to a thing or person, < ἐπί upon + ὄνομα, Aeolic ὄνυμα name. {@us}
  • Strong’s 1854: exó: outside, without Original Word: ἔξω Part of Speech: Adverb Transliteration: exó Phonetic Spelling: (ex'-o) Short Definition: without, outside Definition: without, outside. American / Americans is an example of an “endo-ethno-toponym” Russia / Russians is an example of a “xeno-ethno-toponym”
  • hodos: a way, road Original Word: ὁδός, οῦ, ἡ Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration: hodos Phonetic Spelling: (hod-os') Short Definition: a way, road, journey Definition: a way, road, journey, path.
  • < hyper- prefix + -nym (in hyponym n.). Compare hypernymy n., hyperonym n.
  • Greek ὑποκόρισμα, -κορισμός pet-name, < ὑποκορίζεσθαι to play the child, use terms of endearment, < ὑπό in sense ‘somewhat, slightly’ + κόρος, κόρη child, boy, girl
  • The use of “subordinate” is a good translation. “sub” implies under and “ordinate” implies levels ; an “underlevel” word.
  • < late Latin homōnymum (Quintilian), < Greek ὁμώνυμον , neuter of ὁμώνυμος homonymous adj. Compare French homonyme ‘an equiuocation, or word of diuers significations’ (Cotgrave).
  • Further Derivations: Aptointernym (appropriate phrase) Inaptointernym (inappropriate phrase) What about: craig "who really isn't" trim in this case the internym is dependent on the first and last name (either aptly or ineptly)
  • In sense 1 apparently shortened < metonymy n. In sense 2 probably independently < meta- prefix + -onym comb. form, after metonymy n. Compare Hellenistic Greek μετώνυμος connected with a change of name (use as a noun is apparently not attested in Greek). {@us}
  • The practice of bestowing necronyms has sometimes caused confusion for historians. This is primarily because of the two birth certificates or records that could be present at a given time. This confusion often stems from the inability to differentiate the records of each child. One such example is the case of Shigechiyo Izumi (1865?–1986), accepted in 1986 as the world's oldest man by The Guinness Book of World Records, but who was in fact possibly born in 1880, after one previous brother whose name he assumed upon his death.
  • Further Derivations: Polito-endo-ethno-nym Polito-exo-ethno-nym
  • Strong’s 4413 prótos: first, chief Original Word: πρῶτος, η, ον Part of Speech: Adjective Transliteration: prótos Phonetic Spelling: (pro'-tos) Short Definition: first, before Definition: first, before, principal, most important.
  • < classical Latin synōnymum, synōnymon < ancient Greek συνώνυμον , use as noun of neuter singular of συνώνυμος < σύν syn- prefix + -ωνυμ- (as in νώνυμ(ν)ος , ἀνώνυμος nameless, anonymous adj.) = ὄνομα name n. Compare French synonyme, †sinonime (12th cent.), Italian sinonimo, Spanish sinonimo, Portuguese synonymo. The earliest instances are plural (after Latin synonyma, Greek συνώνυμα), anglicized sinonymes, synonymes, in Latin or Græco-Latin form synonyma, synonuma, incorrectly with addition of plural -s, synonymas (whence a rare spurious singular synonyma). The anglicized singular synonym(e scarcely makes its appearance, except in dictionaries, till the close of the 18th century. {@us}
  • Strong’s 5010 taxis: an arranging, order Original Word: τάξις, εως, ἡ Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration: taxis Phonetic Spelling: (tax'-is) Short Definition: order, position, rank Definition: order, (a) regular arrangement, (b) appointed succession, (c) position, rank.
  • tropos: a way, manner, fashion Original Word: τρόπος, ου, ὁ Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration: tropos Phonetic Spelling: (trop'-os) Short Definition: way, manner, character Definition: (a) way, manner, (b) manner of life, character.
  • Strong’s 3581: xenos: foreign, a foreigner, guest Original Word: ξένος, η, ον Part of Speech: Adjective Transliteration: xenos Phonetic Spelling: (xen'-os) Short Definition: new, novel, a foreigner Definition: alien, new, novel; noun: a guest, stranger, foreigner.
  • zóon: a living creature Original Word: ζῷον, ου, τό Part of Speech: Noun, Neuter Transliteration: zóon Phonetic Spelling: (dzo'-on) Short Definition: an animal Definition: an animal, living creature.

The Onomyicon Presentation Transcript

  • 1. The Onomyicon Craig Trim, 2013 Creative Commons License
  • 2. A  Acronyms
  • 3. Acronyms
  • 4. Acronym  A pronounceable word formed from other words using the highest letter (the beginning) of each word. κροςἄ1777 sub-class of onoma alternate spellings accronym, actonym, ancronym, achronym, akronym
  • 5. Anacronym An acronym that has linguistically taken on an identity as a regular word. – Portmanteau of anachronism and acronym νάἀ + κροςἄ sub-class of acronym ?
  • 6. Andronym  A male name adopted by a woman. – The name of the husband, taken on by the wife.  A man's name or a word derived from a man's name.  Example: – "Martha Dandridge" married "Daniel Park Custis" and became "Martha Custis", then later married "George Washington" and became "Martha Washington". νδρόςἀ1906 sub-class of anthroponym related to patronym
  • 7. Anepronym  A trademarked brand name now used generically, such as aspirin or kleenex.  A trademark term so well established that it is used to define other objects that share its own definition  A portmanteau of anacronym and eponym. νάἀ + πίἐ sub-class of eponym, anacronym ?
  • 8. Patronym  Personal name based on father's name.  Example: – The commonest suffix is "-son" or simply "-s". Gaelic Macpherson thus means "son of the parson" and corresponds to English Parsons. – Robertson = Robert’s son pater- sub-class of anthroponym 1800
  • 9. Antagonym  A word that has two opposing meanings.  Example: – bound can mean “bound for Chicago, moving” or “tied up, unable to move”. ντί + ?ἀ sub-class of antonym, homonym equivalent to autoantonym, contranym ?
  • 10. Antonym  A word which has the opposite meaning of another, although not necessarily in all its senses.  Example: – "antonym" is an antonym of synonym. ντίἀ sub-class of onoma alternate term counterterm 1809
  • 11. Anthroponym νθρωποςἄ  The name of a person.  Example:  "Joe" for "Joseph" 1957 sub-class of bionym
  • 12. Autonym α τόςὐ  An automatically created name  Typical of Biological nomenclature.  The name used by people to refer to themselves or their language  Synonymous with endonym.  The true name of an author disclosed by resolving a pseudonym. 1854 sub-class of bionym related to (narrower) endonym
  • 13. Anthroparonym  A person-name that has altered slightly in form from an earlier or traditional form.  Examples: – Llewelyn <- Llywelyn – Marian <- Marion – Clare <- Clara νθρωπος + παραἄ sub-class of anthroponym, paronym alternate spelling paroanthroponym ?
  • 14. Anthroponumeronym  A phrase that consists of a combination of numbers and letters, or numbers only, and refers to a person.  Example: – We think Number 6 is John Drake ? + νθρωποςἄ sub-class of numeronym, anthroponym alternate spelling numeroanthroponym ?
  • 15. Anthrotautonym  A binomial person-name consisting of the same word twice.  Examples: – Robert Robertson – Ivan Ivanovich νθρωπος + τα τόἄ ὐ sub-class of anthroponym, tautonym alternate spelling tautoanthroponym ?
  • 16. Apronym  An appropriate acronym.  Example: – FIAT = Fix it again tomorrow – PLATO for "Programmed Logic for Automated Teaching" alluding to Plato, the philosopher and teacher, as an apronym. a propos (Fr.)2003 sub-class of acronym
  • 17. Aptonym  A proper name that aptly describes the occupation or character of the person, especially by coincidence.  Examples: – The Shadow apt- sub-class of anthroponym alternate spelling aptronym, related euonym, charactonym, apronym 1920
  • 18. Charactonym  A name given to a fictional character that suggests that character's traits.  Example: – Gradgrind and M'Choakumchild, two unpleasant educators in the novel Hard Times, by Charles Dickens. character- sub-class of anthroponym related (broader) aptonym, related fictional aptonym ?
  • 19. Cryptonym  A word or name that is secretly used to refer to a particular person, place, activity, or thing; a code word or name.  A secret name (e.g. code name).  A pseudonym or code name; esp. one given to a spy or to a clandestine operation.  Example: – The Shadow character- sub-class of anthroponym alternate spelling cryptonym 1862
  • 20. Factual Aptonym  An aptronym that names a real person.  Example: – Larry Speakes was a Reagan-administration spokesman. factual + apt- sub-class of aptonym ?
  • 21. Fictional Aptonym  An aptronym that names a fictional character.  Example: – Pussy Galore, the name of the crime boss in the James Bond movie Goldfinger. fictional + apt- sub-class of aptonym ?
  • 22. Astionym  The name of a town. ? sub-class of oikonym ?
  • 23. Astronym  a name of a star, or constellation, or other heavenly body.  Example: – Orion στρονἄ sub-class of onoma ?
  • 24. Autoantonym  A word or phrase which contradicts itself – Two distinct meanings which are opposite. – Such words are sometimes called "Janus words", after the two-headed Roman god  Example: – "cleave" means “come together” or “split apart”. α τόςὐ + ντίἀ sub-class of homonym, antonym equivalent to antagonym, contranym, alternate spelling autantonym 1960
  • 25. Autoglossonym  The name of a language in that language.  Example: – Nederlands is the autoglossonym of Dutch. α τός + γλ σσαὐ ῶ sub-class of autonym, glossonym equivalent to endonym ?
  • 26. B
  • 27. Bionym  A name of a living thing. βίος sub-class of onoma 2013
  • 28. Binary Antonym  Pairs of antonyms that have the all-or-nothing property that to deny one member of the pair is equivalent to affirming the other.  Example: – True and False are binary antonyms because to deny that something is true amounts to affirming it is false (and vice versa). binary + ντίἀ sub-class of antonym 2006
  • 29. Backronym  A reverse acronym: a regular word that also doubles as an acronym.  Example: – FIAT = Fix It Again Tomorrow 1983 sub-class of apronym back-
  • 30. Basionym  A specific name that has priority over other names given to the same plant. – The preferred label (SKOS terminology)  Example: – Pinus Abies βάσις sub-class of bionym, synonym 1955
  • 31. Basionym  A base name or epithet that has priority over other names given to the same plant.  An earlier valid scientific name of a species that has since been renamed and from which the new name is partially derived. Βάσις- sub-class of bionym, synonym alternate spelling basonym 1952
  • 32. C
  • 33. Contrived Acronym  An acronym deliberately designed to be an apt name for the thing being named. sub-class of backronym 1972
  • 34. Contranym  A word that has two contrary meanings.  Example: – Cleave can mean “come together” or “split apart”. contra- sub-class of homonym, antonym equilvalent to antagonym, autoantonym 1962
  • 35. Comonym  The name of a village, or small town, or borough. ? sub-class of oikonym related to urbanym ?
  • 36. Caconym  A taxonomic name objectionable for linguistic reasons  A misnomer κακός sub-class of ononym related to inaptonym 1889
  • 37. Chrematonym  The name of a thing that one uses or needs. – Proper names of artefacts. – Can also have a broader meaning than just product or a brand (i.e. proper names of social events, institutions, organisations…). χρ μαῆ sub-class of taxonym ?
  • 38. Capitonym  A word that changes sound and meaning when the case is changed.  Examples: – A turkey may march in Turkey in May or March! – Do Polish police polish the lice? capitālis- sub-class of homonym ?
  • 39. Chrononym A term for a specific period of time.  Example: – Second quarter of next year … χρόνος sub-class of ononym 1979
  • 40. Consonym Two (or more) words that have the same pattern of consonants.  Example: – sponge and espionage. consonant- sub-class of ononym 1979
  • 41. D
  • 42. Demonym δ μοςῆ  A name for the people derived from the name of the locality.  Examples:  the demonym for a resident of Britain is Briton.  the most common English language demonym for the people of the Netherlands is Dutch. 1988 sub-class of ethnonym, taxonym related to (broader) toponym, related to metonym, endonym, exonym, xenonym
  • 43. Deonym deus-  A name of God.  The name of a god. ? sub-class of bionym equivalent to theonym
  • 44. E
  • 45. Euonym  A good name that was well chosen.  A name that conforms to the requirements of a particular system of nomenclature. eὖ sub-class of onoma related (narrower) to aptonym, aptronym, hypocoronym 1889
  • 46. Episonym  They are words in which capitalization changes the pronunciation of the word.  Example: – Polish, polish epi + σος-ἴ sub-class of isonym ?
  • 47. Ethnonyms  Endonym  Ethnotoponym  Exonym  Politoenthonym  Xeonym
  • 48. Ethnonym  The name of an ethnic group.  A proper name by which a people or ethnic group is known; spec. one which it calls itself.  Example: – Hellenes θνοςἔ1894 sub-class of anthroponym, taxonym
  • 49. Endonym  An inside name – Used by a group of people to refer to themselves or their language.  May be different than the name given to them by other groups (outside name).  Example: – Germans refer to themselves as Deutschen. νδον-ἔ1970 sub-class of ethnonym related to autonym, equivalent to autoglossonym
  • 50. Pseudonym  A fictitious name.  Example: – "George Eliot" was really "Mary Anne Evans“. ?1524 sub-class of anthroponym related to autonym, anonym, alternate spelling pesudonym, psendonym, pseydonym, psudonym,
  • 51. Allonym  A work published under a name that is not that of the author.  The name of a person, usually a historical person, assumed by a writer.  Example: – "Joe" for "Joseph" allos-1873 sub-class of pseudonym related (broader) anonym
  • 52. Anonym  An assumed or false name.  Example: – "George Eliot" was really "Mary Anne Evans“. ?1711 sub-class of pseudonym related (narrower) allonym
  • 53. Eponyms  Anepronym  Reverse Eponym
  • 54. Ergonym  The name of a group of people united to carry out some specific function.  Sometimes used for the name of an institution or commercial firm.  Examples: – Brooklyn Dodgers, Los Angeles Dodgers ργονἔ sub-class of chrematonym, toponym ?
  • 55. Eponym  One ‘whose name is a synonym for’ something. – The name of a real or fictitious person whose name has, or is thought to have, given rise to the name of a particular item.  Example: – David Copperfield is the eponym (eponymous character) of the novel “David Copperfield”. πώἐ1831 sub-class of chrematonym related to (broader) metonym, alternate spelling eponymus, namegiver
  • 56. Endotoponym  An inside place name – Used by a group of people to refer to the place they live νδον + τόποςἔ2013 sub-class of endonym
  • 57. Exonym  An outside name – An ethnic name given to a group of people by foreigners.  Example: – Cologne a xenonym for Köln. ξωἔ1970 sub-class of ethnonym related to (broader) xenonym
  • 58. Exotoponym  An outside place name – Used by foreigners to refer to a place  May be different than the name given to them by other groups (outside name). ξω + τόποςἔ2013 sub-class of endonym, toponym
  • 59. G
  • 60. Geonym  A name of a geographical feature.  Examples: – Bitterroot Range, Black Hills, Death Valley, Great Sand Dunes, etc. γῆ sub-class of onoma related to toponym ?
  • 61. Glossonym  The name of a language.  Example: – "English" can be said to predate "England". γλ σσα-ῶ sub-class of onoma alternate spelling glossnym, glottonym ?
  • 62. Gradable Antonym  A term that denotes one end of a scale while the other term denotes the other end, such as long and short.  Example: – As small and big form part of a continuum, you can say that something is smaller or bigger. gradable + ντίἀ sub-class of antonym alternate term polar antonym 2008
  • 63. H
  • 64. Hodonym  A name of a street, road or way. δόςὁ sub-class of urbanym alternate spelling odonym ?
  • 65. Hypernym  A superordinate term.  A word that is more generic than a given word. πέρ-ὑ1961 sub-class of onoma alternate spelling hyperonym
  • 66. Hypocoronym  Colloquial, usually unofficial, name of an entity; a pet-name or nickname.  To play the child, use terms of endearment.  Example: – Robert → Rob, Robby, Bert, Bob, Bobert, Bobby πό + κόρος-ὑ1850 sub-class of onoma related (broader) euonym, related apronym, aptronym
  • 67. Hyponym  A subordinate term.  A word that is more specific than a given word. πό-ὑ1904 sub-class of onoma related to hyperonym
  • 68. Heteronym  A word having the same spelling as another, but a different sound and meaning.  Example: – desert and dessert. τερος-ἕ sub-class of onoma 1871
  • 69. Hieronym  A name derived from myth or religion.  Example: – Saint Brendan’s Superior irish cream liqueur. ερώς-Ἱ sub-class of onoma ?
  • 70. Hydronym  The proper name of any body of water. δρο-ὑ sub-class of geonym, toponym 1963
  • 71. Holonym  A term that denotes a whole whose part is denoted by another term.  Example: – Apple tree is a holonym of apple. λος-ὅ sub-class of onoma 1980
  • 72. Homonym  A word that both sounds and is spelled the same as another word but has a different meaning.  Example: – A turkey may march in Turkey in May or March! μός-ὁ sub-class of onoma related to paronym, synonym 1697
  • 73. I
  • 74. Internym  A phrase or epithet inserted between one's first and last names. – In particular, a phrase intended to be witty and inserted in quotation marks  Example: – Rene "this is not an internym" Magritte inter-1997 sub-class of onoma
  • 75. Isonym  A word having the same root or stem as another.  A heterophonic homograph* – *Having a different sound with the same spelling  Examples: – console, content, contract σος-ἴ sub-class of onoma related to paronym ?
  • 76. Inaptonym  An ironic aptronym.  Example: – The former Archbishop of Manila, Jaime L. Sin known as “Cardinal Sin”. inept- sub-class of aptonym related to caconym 2006
  • 77. M
  • 78. Meronym  A word denoting an object which forms part of another object. μέρος- sub-class of isonym equivalent to partonym 1846
  • 79. Metonym  To identify an entire object from a single characteristic (of the same or a related object).  “The White House” is a metonym for “presidential administration” μέρος sub-class of onoma related demonym, related (narrower) eponym 1622
  • 80. Metronym  The name of someone's mother.  A surname based on the mother's name.  Example: – Megson = Meg's son mater- sub-class of onoma equivalent to matronym 1904
  • 81. Mononym  A single name by which an entity is known. μόνος sub-class of onoma equilvalent to uninym 1866
  • 82. Monoanthroponym  A single name by which a person is known. μόνος + νθρωποςἄ sub-class of mononym, anthroponym equivalent to uninym ?
  • 83. Necronym  A reference to, or name of, a person who has died. ? sub-class of anthroponym ?
  • 84. Monotoponym  A single name by which a place is known. μόνος + τόπος sub-class of mononym, toponym ?
  • 85. N
  • 86. Numerodonym  A numeric name of a street or road.  Example: – 39th Street ? sub-class of hodonym, numeronym ?
  • 87. Numeronym  A phrase that consists of a combination of numbers and letters, or numbers only.  i18n ? sub-class of onoma ?
  • 88. O
  • 89. Oikonym  The name of any settlement, including a town or a village. ? sub-class of toponym alternate term econym ?
  • 90. Oronym  Place name for any form of terrestial relief – Includes mountains, hills, ranges, chains, plateaus, plains, valleys, etc.  Examples: – Bitterroot Range, Black Hills, Death Valley, Great Sand Dunes, etc. opός sub-class of geonym, toponym 1972
  • 91. P
  • 92. Paronym  A name that has altered slightly in form from an earlier or traditional form.  A word derived along side the same root, or with the same sound, as another word. παρα sub-class of onoma 1829
  • 93. Partonym  A term that denotes a part of the whole that is denoted by another term. part- sub-class of onoma equilvalent to meronym ?
  • 94. Polyanthroponym  A person that has many names.  Example: – Sir Patrick Barnabas Burke Mayhew. πολυ + νθρωποςἄ sub-class of polynym, anthroponym ?
  • 95. Polynym  An entity that has many names. πολυ sub-class of onoma ?
  • 96. Polytoponym  A place that has many names. πολυ + τόπος sub-class of polynym, toponym ?
  • 97. Phytonym  The name of a plant. – Most phytonyms are of trees, the largest and longest-living plants.  Examples: – General Sherman, Knightwood Oak, Methuselah. υτόνϕ sub-class of bionym ?
  • 98. Politonym  Indicates the name originated from a political affiliation.  Example: – a Republican, a Democrat … πολιτικά2013 sub-class of anthroponym
  • 99. Politoethnonym  Indicates the nation name originated from a political affiliation.  Example: – The inhabitants of Belgium are Belgians. πολιτικά + θνοςἔ2013 sub-class of ethnonym, politonym
  • 100. Proper Isonym  A word having the same root or stem as another. sub-class of isonym ?
  • 101. Protonym  The first of a certain name. – From which another takes its name.  The first name for a new species. – Which may not be officially recognized. πρωτο sub-class of taxonym 1880
  • 102. Prototoponym  The first place of a certain name. – From which other places have their names derived.  Example: – A name may pass through various categories before finally reaching its protonym. Thus "New York" has the protonym "York" (England), but through the direct intermediary of the titulonym York of "James, Duke of York". πρωτο + τόπος sub-class of toponym, protonym 2013
  • 103. Protoanthroponym  The first person of a certain name. – From which other takes their names.  Example: – The name “adam” can refer to both the first individual person, as well as to the general creation of humankind. πρωτο + νθρωποςἄ sub-class of anthroponym, protonym 2013
  • 104. Q
  • 105. Quasisonym  Quasi-isonyms are words in which there is a punctuation mark of some type.  pate and pate' quasi + σοςἴ sub-class of isonym ?
  • 106. R
  • 107. Retronym  A word coined for an object whose original name is no longer unique. retro- sub-class of onoma 1980
  • 108. Reverse Eponym  An etiological myth can be a "reverse eponym" in the sense that a legendary character is invented in order to explain a term.  Example: – The nymph Pirene, who according to myth was turned into Pirene's Fountain. sub-class of eponym, pseudonym ?
  • 109. Tekonym  Personal name based on first child's name.  Example: – Shelia's Father = Pak Sheila. sub-class of anthroponym 1931 ?
  • 110. S
  • 111. Synonym  A word similar to another word. σύν sub-class of onoma related to homonym, alternate spelling sinonym, sinonymes, svnonym, symonym 1643
  • 112. T
  • 113. Topoparonym τόπος + παρα  A place name that has altered slightly in form from an earlier or traditional form. sub-class of paronym, toponym ?
  • 114. Theonym θεός  A name of God.  The name of a god. 1948 sub-class of bionym equivalent to deonym
  • 115. Tautonym  A binomial name consisting of the same word twice. τα τόὐ sub-class of onoma 1904
  • 116. Toponym τόπος-  A place name. 1850 sub-class of onoma related Geonym, related (narrower) Demonym
  • 117. Toponyms  Ergonym  Hydronym  Microtoponym  Monotoponym  Oikonym – Astionym – Comonym  Oronym  Polytoponym  Prototoponym  Tautotoponym  Topoanthroponym  Topoaronym  Urbanym – Odonym  Numerodonym
  • 118. Taxonyms  Chrematonym  Demonym  Eponym  Ethnonym  Protonym
  • 119. Taxonym  A name used for classification or identification purposes. τάξις sub-class of bionym ?
  • 120. Tautotoponym  A binomial place-name consisting of the same word twice. τα τό + τόποςὐ sub-class of tautonym, toponym ?
  • 121. Anthrotoponym  The name of a person derived from a place.  Example: – Leewood νθρωποςἄ + τόπος sub-class of anthroponym, toponym equivalent to demonym ?
  • 122. Topoparonym  The name of a place that has altered slightly in form from an earlier (or traditional) form. τόπος + παρα sub-class of toponym, paronym alternate spelling parotoponym ?
  • 123. Topoanthroponym  The name of a place derived from a person. τόπος + νθρωποςἄ sub-class of anthroponym, toponym equivalent to demonym ?
  • 124. Textonym  Any of a set of words that share the same numeric combination as another when typed using on a mobile phone that uses predictive text.  A word that is generated by a single sequence of numerals keyed in to a mobile telephone. ? sub-class of onoma ?
  • 125. Textonym  Any of a set of words that share the same numeric combination as another when typed using on a mobile phone that uses predictive text.  A word that is generated by a single sequence of numerals keyed in to a mobile telephone. ? sub-class of onoma ?
  • 126. Theronym  A (product) name derived from the name of an animal. ? sub-class of onoma ?
  • 127. Troponym  A verb that indicates more precisely the manner of doing something – Relative to a verb of a more generalized meaning.  Example: – “to stroll” is more precise than “to walk” τρόπος sub-class of onoma ?
  • 128. U
  • 129. Uninym  A single name by which a person or thing is known.  Examples: – Plato, Madonna – There is no synonym for thesaurus, therefore thesaurus is a uninym. uni- sub-class of onoma equivalent to mononym, monoanthroponym ?
  • 130. Urbanym  An urban place name. urbānus- sub-class of toponym related to comonym ?
  • 131. X
  • 132. Xenonym  A name given to a foreign people or language or city by outsiders. – This name is not used by the natives themselves.  Example: – Cologne a xenonym for Köln. ξένος sub-class of ethnonym, glossonym related to (narrower) exonym ?
  • 133. Z
  • 134. Zoonym  A name of an animal. ζ ονῷ sub-class of onoma equivalent to mononym ?