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Open University DD101 TMA04 (2014) Michel Foucault

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DD101 TMA04 2014 presentation on Michel Foucault in relation to the TMA question: 'Compare and contrast two social science views about the ordering of social life'

DD101 TMA04 2014 presentation on Michel Foucault in relation to the TMA question: 'Compare and contrast two social science views about the ordering of social life'

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  • 1. DD101 – TMA04 (2014) TMA Question: Compare and contrast two social science views about the ordering of social life. Dr Craig A. Hammond (DD101 Preston Cluster)
  • 2. Michel Foucault: Social Order as Discipline
  • 3. Michel Foucault (1926-1984) Knowledge Power & Control Compare and contrast two social science views about the ordering of social life.
  • 4. Michel Foucault: Discipline & Punish (the birth of the modern prison) Surveillance • Michel Foucault’s is concerned with discovering the ‘birth’ and development of the modern prison. • The ways of thinking associated with this transition • And the impact on modern society • Read the following excerpt
  • 5. Social orthopaedics: Grow/be shaped in ways required by the State … The Panopticon (prison)
  • 6. Modern Society: transition towards … • Surveillance • Discipline • Normalisation • Discourse(s) to shape, perpetuate these characteristics – How do ‘discourses’ influence/regulate our lives?
  • 7. • Foucault argues that one of the main [and most important] points of the modern prison system was that of achieving ‘discipline’ and control over the bodies and minds of the offenders. • Whilst the ideas of Bentham’s panopticon were never fully implemented – clearly, the means of physical and mental control (and discipline) were. • Consider the following points taken from Foucault’s book, which explains the impact of the modern prison system developed:
  • 8. • “What was then being formed was a policy of coercions that act upon the body, a calculated manipulation of its elements, its gestures, its behaviour. • • The human body was entering a machinery of power that explores it, breaks it down and rearranges it. A ‘political anatomy’, which was also a ‘mechanics of power’, • • it defined how one may have a hold over others’ bodies, not only so that they may do what one wishes, but so that they may operate as one wishes, • • with the techniques, the speed and the efficiency that one determines. Thus discipline produces subjected and practised bodies, ‘docile’ bodies.” (Foucault. 1991, p, 138) • What do you think Foucault means by ‘docile’ bodies?
  • 9. • Education • Language • Control • Surveillance – These are all part of the State’s Anatomy of Power – Discourse (again) – As prisoners of our own ‘social-space-that-is-totally-regulated’ – – We are held in ‘darkness’, prevented from observing our observers: – This reinforces Foucault's idea of a citizen who "is seen, but he does not see; he is the object of information, never a subject in communication" (Foucault, 1979).
  • 10. • Docile Bodies • Carceral Society • Language • Power • Control • Surveillance • Discipline