Social Promotion and Retention By: Courtney Zelenka November 2, 2010
What is Social Promotion? What is Retention? Should students who are physically or emotionally underdeveloped be held back? What are some possible solutions to this dilemma? Should students be held back due to academic inability? What are the advantages and disadvantages of social promotion and retention?
Retention makes those who are not applying themselves rethink and invest more time into their studies.
Retention allows those who’s low achievement that may be due to low maturity or readiness to have an extra year to catch up.
Social promotion does not bring the student’s self-esteem down.
Disadvantages to social promotion and retention:
Social promotion gives children the message that effort and achievement do not count.
In social promotion parents are led to believe that their children are adequately prepared for college and the workplace.
With social promotion business’ have to invest millions of dollars each year teaching new employee’s basic skills they did not learn in school.
Students that are retained have a higher dropout rate.
Retentioncosts more money, since it takes longer for a state to educate a student.
What are some possible solutions to social promotion and retention?
1.Intensify Learning A study that was taken by the Consortium on Chicago School Research found that when students are given more challenging or higher thinking questions/assignments,, the students outperform less-challenged students on standardized tests. Intensifying learning also helps the school. This is true because if you have high-achieving students, that produces a high-achieving school.
2. Assess to Inform Teachers Identify student problems as early as possible in the school year instead of waiting until an entire year is lost. Assessments that provide detailed information about students' academic progress, including what they know, what they can do, how they learn, and where they are having problems, can ensure that children's instructional needs are met.
3. Expand Learning Options With the diverse population of students in schools today, educators must strive to create a system that reflects and celebrates diversity and allows children to reach high standards. Educators can create new paths to learning standards by providing more learning options for students. Providing struggling students with the right kinds and amounts of extra help during the school year is more complicated and demanding than promoting or retaining these students, but it is the only way to avoid dooming millions of children to continued failure.
4. Intervene Early and Often Intervening as soon as problems are identified will provide struggling students with the extra time and help they need. Ongoing and diagnostic assessments help schools develop strategies that stop the cycle of failure and that accelerate learning. If students are to be held more accountable for their academic performance and held to high educational standards, schools must provide adequate opportunities for students to those meet expectations on time.
5. Provide Professional Development to Ensure Skilled Teachers According to more than 200 studies, it is made clear that teacher education is critical for student learning. Professional development has also proved more effective when teachers and their fellow colleagues work together on integrating standards.
What can teachers do to bring about a successful learning environment? Use creative and flexible scheduling to extend learning time for students who need it. Create classrooms that accommodates different learning styles. Use ongoing, performance-based assessment to guide daily teaching decisions. Create intervention programs that accelerate learning and extend learning time for students.
What does social promotion and retentionhave to do with you as a teacher?
Social Promotion has to do with you as a teacher because the teacher is the one who is providing information to the student’s regardless if at the end of the year they are able to pass testing. Retention has to do with you as a teacher because the teacher is the one responsible for providing the information that a student has to know in order to move to a higher level of education. Teachers should be well trained and skilled by providing a challenge for the students. This will allow the students to think at a higher level.
Rudolph, A. (2001). Critical issue: beyond social promotion and retention—five strategies to help students succeed. In North Central Regional Educational Laboratory . Retrieved October 30, 2010 Bartle, P. (n.d.). Social promotion. Retrieved October 30, 2010 Brophy, J. (n.d.). Social promotion - in comparison to grade retention, advantages and disadvantages, different perspectives . InState University . Retrieved October 30, 2010 Reference Page
Denton, D. R. (2001). Finding alternatives to failure: can states end social promotion and reduce retention rates?. Retrieved October 29, 2010 Ellis-Christensen, T. (n.d.). In What is social promotion. Retrieved October 29, 2010 Hauser, R. M. (1999, October). Should we end social promotion? truth and consequences. Retrieved October 29, 2010 Reference Page cont.
Jacob, R. T., & Stone, S. (2005). Educators and students speak. Retrieved October 29, 2010, from ERIC. Jimerson, S. R. (2001). Meta-analysis of grade retention research:implications for practice in the 21st century. Retrieved October 29, 2010 The balanced view: social promotion & retention (n.d.). In Sharing Success. Retrieved October 29, 2010 Reference Page cont.