Autonomous Vehicles
http://www.automotto.org/entry/driverless-cars-to-be-a-reality/
History
• The first actual
representation was
in 1977 at the
Tsukuba Mechanical
Engineering Lab in
Japan
- Got up to 30 km...
History Cont.
• 1980s DARPA-funded Autonomous Land Vehicle in U.S. achieved
first road following demonstration that used:
...
History Cont.
• In 2000 three U.S.
Gov’t funded military
efforts known as Demo
I (Army), Demo II
(DARPA), and Demo III
(Ar...
History Cont.
• In 2010, VisLab ran VIAC
(VisLab Intercontinental
Autonomous Challenge)
- 13,000 km test run
- 4 driverles...
http://selectluxury.wordpress.com/page/2/
Paved Road Autonomous Vehicles
• Google Driverless Car
• Euro EUREKA
Prometheus Project
• VIAC Challenge
• DARPA Grand Cha...
Free Ranging Autonomous Vehicles
• DARPA Grand
Challenge
• European Robot
Trial
• Israeli Military-
Industrial Complex
htt...
Automated Highway System
• Efforts to construct special lanes with magnets
to allow vehicles to stay in the center of the
...
Free Ranging Grid
• Combination of
autonomous vehicles and a
supervisory central system
- The vehicle locates itself
using...
Sensorial-Informative
• Warn or inform drivers about events that
have passed unnoticed such as
- Lane Warning system
- Rea...
Actuation- Corrective
• Modify driver’s instruction to
execute them in a more
effective way
- anti lock brakes
- traction ...
Systemic
• Automatic parking
• Following another car
• Distance control assistance
• Dead man’s switch
http://accessories....
Existing and Missing Technologies
• Understanding immediate environment
(Sensors)
Knowing where it is and where it wants ...
Short Term Advantages
• Increasing roadway capacity by reducing
distance between cars
• Reduce congestion by controlling f...
Long Term Advantages
• Longer commutes will be more tolerable.
• Cut down on commuter rail ridership
• Cut down on costs o...
Ethical Implications
• Not enough proper training on vehicles for
users
• One corporation may control all technology
and m...
Bibliography
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LdEygVOHE3E
• Forrest, Alex. "Autonomous Cars and Society." WPI. N.p., 01/05...
Autonomous vehicles[1]
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  1. 1. Autonomous Vehicles http://www.automotto.org/entry/driverless-cars-to-be-a-reality/
  2. 2. History • The first actual representation was in 1977 at the Tsukuba Mechanical Engineering Lab in Japan - Got up to 30 km/h by tracking white street markers http://www.photoeverywhere.co.uk/east/melbo urne/slides/fitzroy065567.htm
  3. 3. History Cont. • 1980s DARPA-funded Autonomous Land Vehicle in U.S. achieved first road following demonstration that used: - laser (Environmental Research Institute of Michigan) - computing vision (Carnegie Mellon University and SRI) - autonomous robotic control (Carnegie Mellon and Martin Marietta) - Goes up to 30km/h http://www.studentsreview.com/PA/CMU.html
  4. 4. History Cont. • In 2000 three U.S. Gov’t funded military efforts known as Demo I (Army), Demo II (DARPA), and Demo III (Army) are underway. • Demo III demonstrated the ability to drive on off-road terrain and avoid obstacles. http://carriedaway.blogs.com/
  5. 5. History Cont. • In 2010, VisLab ran VIAC (VisLab Intercontinental Autonomous Challenge) - 13,000 km test run - 4 driverless vans ended the drive from Italy to China by arriving at Shanghai Expo on October 28 • In 2008, General Motors said they would begin testing driverless cars by 2015 and could be on the road by 2018. http://www.howgreenworks.com/driverless-cars-begin- 8000-mile-journey-from-italy-to-china/italy-driverless- odyssey/ http://www.howgreenworks.com/page/90/
  6. 6. http://selectluxury.wordpress.com/page/2/
  7. 7. Paved Road Autonomous Vehicles • Google Driverless Car • Euro EUREKA Prometheus Project • VIAC Challenge • DARPA Grand Challenge • Argo Vehicle • Stanford’s Racing Team’s car • Volkswagen Golf GTI 53+1 http://business.rediff.com/report/2009/jul/0 8/soon-a-car-that-drives-on-its-own.htm http://www.speedace.info/darpa_defense_ad vanced_research_robotic_vehicles.htm
  8. 8. Free Ranging Autonomous Vehicles • DARPA Grand Challenge • European Robot Trial • Israeli Military- Industrial Complex http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/21625291/
  9. 9. Automated Highway System • Efforts to construct special lanes with magnets to allow vehicles to stay in the center of the lane while communicating with other vehicles http://www.accelerationwatch.com/articles/undergroundhighwaysystems.html
  10. 10. Free Ranging Grid • Combination of autonomous vehicles and a supervisory central system - The vehicle locates itself using odometer readings, recalibrating themselves occasionally using a “maze” of magnets embedding in the environment, and GPS -They avoid wrecks using lasers and ultra sonic sensors -Only for commercial use. http://www.gpsgazette.com/category/automotive-gps/
  11. 11. Sensorial-Informative • Warn or inform drivers about events that have passed unnoticed such as - Lane Warning system - Rear-view alarm- detect obstacles behind - Visibility aid for the driver to cover blind spots and enhanced vision system such as radar, wireless vehicle safety communication, and night vision - Infrastructure-based, driver warning/ information-giving systems such as those developed by Japanese government http://pages.cs.wisc.edu/~gdguo/driving/BlindS pot.htm http://www.prom.no/store/index.php?main_page=product_i nfo&cPath=202_3&products_id=705
  12. 12. Actuation- Corrective • Modify driver’s instruction to execute them in a more effective way - anti lock brakes - traction control system - four wheel drive - electronic stability control - dynamic steering response http://www.nissan.com.my/vehicles/xtrail/xtra il/safety/safety2.html
  13. 13. Systemic • Automatic parking • Following another car • Distance control assistance • Dead man’s switch http://accessories.bmwusa.com/error.aspx http://www.sae.org/mags/sve/ELECT/6892
  14. 14. Existing and Missing Technologies • Understanding immediate environment (Sensors) Knowing where it is and where it wants to go (Navigation) • Finding its way in Traffic (Motion Planning) Operating Mechanics of the vehicle (Actuation)
  15. 15. Short Term Advantages • Increasing roadway capacity by reducing distance between cars • Reduce congestion by controlling flow of traffic • Can do work or rest while driver • No longer need to leave work to do errands • Takes itself to gas station and to get repaired/serviced
  16. 16. Long Term Advantages • Longer commutes will be more tolerable. • Cut down on commuter rail ridership • Cut down on costs of bus service • You can just click an app on you Smartphone to get a car to you immediately • Become a much cheaper way to live in the city without a car - like owning a car without worrying about parking • Increase safety by reducing driver error • Fewer mechanical problems and breakdowns. • Decrease amount of import oil • Reduce urban greenhouse gas emissions by 80%
  17. 17. Ethical Implications • Not enough proper training on vehicles for users • One corporation may control all technology and may not take ethical considerations seriously - Could create monopoly
  18. 18. Bibliography • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LdEygVOHE3E • Forrest, Alex. "Autonomous Cars and Society." WPI. N.p., 01/05/2007. Web. 2 Nov 2010. <http://www.wpi.edu/Pubs/E-project/Available/E- project-043007-205701/unrestricted/IQPOVP06B1.pdf>. • "Driverless Car." Wikipedia. N.p., 31/10/2010. Web. 2 Nov 2010. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Driverless_car>. • Schmidhuber, J. "Robot Cars." idsia. N.p., 2005. Web. 2 Nov 2010. <http://www.idsia.ch/~juergen/robotcars.html>. • Templeton, Brad. "Where Robot Cars Can Really Take Us." Templetons.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Nov 2010. <http://www.templetons.com/brad/robocars/>. • Finn, Anthony. Developments and challenges for autonomous unmanned vehicles : a compendium . 1st ed. Berlin: Springer Verlag, 2010. 23-49. Print. • Smith, Mary. "Driverless Car Technology Through GM." Newsoxy 14 Nov 2010, Print.
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