Learning Styles


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Presented at Fayetteville's Chesnutt Library Fellows Information Literacy Program on December 16, 2009 by Courtney Mack, MLS

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Learning Styles

  1. 1. Learning Styles Presented by: Courtney Mack, MLS Instructional Services Librarian Methodist University
  2. 2. Learning Styles <ul><li>Definition - Preferred ways in which people learn based on ability to comprehend and retain information. </li></ul><ul><li>Colleges and Universities must adapt to the various learning styles of its diverse student populations. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><ul><li>VISUAL • AUDITORY • READ/WRITE • KINESTHETIC </li></ul></ul>VAK/VARK LEARNING MODEL (Fleming & Mills)
  4. 4. <ul><li>Learn through Seeing </li></ul><ul><li>Thinks in pictures and learn best from visual displays </li></ul><ul><li>Take detailed notes to absorb the information </li></ul><ul><li>Needs to see the professor’s body language and facial expression to fully understand the content of a lesson. </li></ul>Visual Learners
  5. 5. Visual Learners (Recommendations) <ul><li>Faculty </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporate charts, diagrams, pictures, and graphs into assignments & tests. </li></ul><ul><li>Place graphics/videos to demonstrate a concept or skill. </li></ul><ul><li>Be specific in written instructions, highlight ( BOLD ) important concepts. </li></ul><ul><li>Librarian </li></ul><ul><li>Library tour / virtual </li></ul><ul><li>Create online tutorials </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrate Internet and database searching </li></ul><ul><li>Use images and snapshots of library materials on handouts </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Learn through Listening </li></ul><ul><li>Verbal lectures, discussions, talking things through and listening to what others have to say. </li></ul><ul><li>Interpret the underlying meanings of speech through listening to tone of voice, pitch & speed and other nuances. </li></ul><ul><li>Benefit from reading text aloud and/or using a tape recorder </li></ul>Auditory Learners
  7. 7. Auditory Learners (Recommendations) <ul><li>Faculty </li></ul><ul><li>Podcasting / Audio-Visual Materials </li></ul><ul><li>Assignments that utilizes audio resources like NPR </li></ul><ul><li>Classroom discussion and debates </li></ul><ul><li>Reading text out loud </li></ul><ul><li>Librarian </li></ul><ul><li>Library Audio Tour </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(CD or MP3 file) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Library Jargon/ Terminology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce or clearly explain </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Familiarize students with audio books and other materials available </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage discussion in library instruction </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Learn through Moving, Doing, and Touching </li></ul><ul><li>Hands-on approach </li></ul><ul><li>Most explore the physical world around them </li></ul>Kinesthetic Learners
  9. 9. Kinesthetic Learners (Recommendations) <ul><li>Faculty </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporate field research, projects, trial-and-error, and role-playing into lesson plans. </li></ul><ul><li>Include links to related external web sites, surveys, and interactive Flash slide show in your discussion area. </li></ul><ul><li>Weave questions and instructions throughout the lecture to ensure note taking. </li></ul><ul><li>Librarian </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Incorporate hands-on activities within library instruction. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have students search OPAC, find the library item and check it out. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Request a journal article using Inter Library-Loan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Library scavenger hunt </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Incorporate & Respect ALL Learning Styles <ul><ul><ul><li>EXAMPLE </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>A history professor can use graphic organizers and charts before presenting a lecture on the dates, and then involve students in a simulation or the use of artifacts. </li></ul><ul><li>Promote active learning </li></ul><ul><li>Clickers in the classroom </li></ul>
  11. 11. Index of Learning (NCSU – Felder & Soloman) <ul><li>On-line instrument used to assess learning preferences . </li></ul><ul><li>Dimensions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Active and Reflective Learners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sensing and Intuitive Learners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Visual and Verbal Learners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sequential and Global Learners </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Results of NCSU Index of Learning <ul><li>If your score on a scale is 1-3, you are fairly well balanced on the two dimensions of that scale. </li></ul><ul><li>If your score on a scale is 5-7, you have a moderate preference for one dimension of the scale and will learn more easily in a teaching environment which favors that dimension. </li></ul><ul><li>If your score on a scale is 9-11, you have a very strong preference for one dimension of the scale. You may have real difficulty learning in an environment which does not support that preference. </li></ul>
  13. 13. 2010 ON-COURSE NATIONAL CONFERENCE <ul><li>3-day conference held on April 8-10, 2010 in Raleigh, NC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sponsored by Guildford Technical Community College & University of North Carolina at Greensboro </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Keynote Speaker – Ann Hermann (CEO of Hermann International) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Present on brain-based thinking and learning styles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Educators will learn to design and deliver curriculum that appeals to the widest range of learners. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Registration Deadline – March 24, 2010 </li></ul>
  14. 14. Sources <ul><li>VARK Model – A Guide to Learning Styles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Website: http://www.vark-learn.com/english/index.asp </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Academy of Art University – Faculty Resources/Teaching Tips. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Website: http://faculty.academyart.edu/resources/view_tips.asp?UCID=986 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cornell University – Center for Learning and Teaching, The VAK/VARK Model. Website: http://faculty.ccconline.org/index.php?title=The_VAK/VARK_Model </li></ul><ul><li>North Carolina State University Index of Learning Style. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Website : http://www4.ncsu.edu/unity/lockers/users/f/felder/public/ILSpage.html </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sarasin, Lynne Celli. ‘ Learning Style Perspectives: Impact in the Classroom’. Atwood Publishing, 1998. </li></ul>