Battle of the Revolutionary War<br />Courtney Bodor<br />NEW YORK CITY<br />July 3 - November 16 1776<br />Area: Southern <br />New York and <br />Bergen County, New Jersey<br />
Battle of the Revolutionary War<br />Courtney Bodor<br />NEW YORK CITY<br />Battles in Campaign: <br />Long Island, Kip’s Bay,<br />Harlem Heights, <br />White Plains, and Fort Washington<br />
Campaign <br />Series of battles for control of New York City<br />Active campaign season ended in January 1777<br />British held New York for the rest of the war<br />Used as a base for expeditions against other targets<br />
The Battle of Fort Washington<br />November 16, 1776<br />Location:<br />Fort Washington<br />Northernmost tip and highest elevation of Manhattan <br />Intended to protect the lower Hudson from British warships<br />After the Battle <br />of White Plains the British turned back south and decided to take the forts<br />
“Influential personalities”<br />General Washington<br />VS<br />General Lord Howe<br />
8,000 British and German troops<br />VS<br />2,900 American troops<br />
Brigadier Matthews with the light infantry and Guards to cross the Harlem River and attack Baxter on the east side<br />General Howe planned three attacks<br />The main attack was to be on riflemen by Hessian troops commanded by General Von Knyphausen<br />Brigadier Lord Percy was to attack from the South up the island <br />
British forced the Americans to fall back to Fort Washington<br />All the American troops were pinned in the fort under heavy fire and they were forced to surrender <br />
The British and Germans<br />Winner: <br />After the battle: <br />Casualties <br /><ul><li>Fort Lee, on the west bank of the Hudson was abandoned
Washington and the Continental Arm retreated to the Delaware</li></ul>320 <br />Hessians <br />+<br />2,900 deaths, mostly prisoners<br />VS<br />130 <br />British <br />=<br />450 Deaths <br />
Brunswick, November 18th, 1776.,<br />DEAR SIR: In consequence of the retreat of the British Army from the White-Plains, General Washington ordered me to march with the van of his Army towards this place. I crossed Hudson' s river in the Highlands with eight regiments of foot, three of which I have left at Rahway and the other five I brought to this place yesterday. The loss of Fort Washington will leave the enemy at leisure to think of other movements, and it is not improbable they may attempt to push through this country towards Philadelphia. I shall therefore take every step which may occur to me as necessary to defeat such a design. The reports that have been circulated of their having embarked a body of men on board of a fleet which sailed a few days ago is without foundation. That fleet consisted of about one hundred and fifty sail of empty transports and store ships, under covoy of Admiral Shuldham in the Bristol, with two frigates. These ships are chiefly bound to Ireland for provisions.<br />
I have no particulars of the loss on either side at Fort Washington, but I have no doubt that the enemy have dearly paid for the possession.<br />With the highest esteem and regard, I am, your most obedient, humble servant,<br />STIRLING<br />To the Honourable John Hancock.<br />
Works Cited <br />American Archives . Vol. 3. 0750. Print. Ser. 5. <br />"Battle of Fort Washington." British Battles - Analysing and Documenting British Battles from the Previous Centuries. Web. 20 Sept. 2010. <http://www.britishbattles.com/fort-washington.htm>. <br />"Fort Washington Park Highlights -Fort Washington Park." New York City Department of Parks & Recreation. Web. 20 Sept. 2010. <http://www.nycgovparks.org/parks/fortwashingtonpark/highlights/8258>. <br />"Revolutionary War Campaigns: New York City." The American Revolutionary War. Web. 20 Sept. 2010. <http://www.myrevolutionarywar.com/campaigns/1776-newyork.htm>. <br />
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