Cosmological Results
from Planck
Marian Douspis
IAS-Orsay
1
CITA–ICAT
UNIVERSITÀ DEGLI STUDI
DI MILANO
ABabcdfghiejkl
2
The scientific results that we present today are a product of
...
CITA–ICAT
UNIVERSITÀ DEGLI STUDI
DI MILANO
ABabcdfghiejkl
2
The scientific results that we present today are a product of
...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck 3
• Planck
• Maps
• CMB Likelihoood
• CMB Results on LCDM
• CMB resu...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
Planck
4
Launch: May 14 2009
• 2 Instruments HFI+LFI
• Observation i...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
Why Planck ?
5
At decision time (~1992)
At launch
At my PhD (~2000)
5
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
Why Planck ?
6
Probing large and small scales with same
instrument t...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
Why Planck ?
7
WMAP SPT
Probing low and high frequencies to have a b...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
Planck-HFI: technological success
8
1.6 K
Cryostat He3/He4
Extremely...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
Planck-HFI: technological success
8
1.6 K
Cryostat He3/He4
Extremely...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
Planck: data analysis success
9
143 GHz
545 GHz
blind bolometer
Gala...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
Planck: Scientific success
10
Early Results
• Release of Point source...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
Some press coverage
11
March 21st or 22nd, 2013
11
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
2011+2013 Release
12
• Maps per frequency
• CMB maps
• component map...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck 13
• Planck
• Maps
• CMB Likelihoood
• CMB Results on LCDM
• CMB res...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
2013 Results
14
Low frequency CO Dust
14
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
Planck CMB map
15
15
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck 16
From M.Tristram
16
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck 17
From M.Tristram
17
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck 18
From M.Tristram
18
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
Angular power spectrum
19
19
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
Angular power spectrum
19
19
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
Angular power spectrum
19
19
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
CMB from space
20
20
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
Cosmology
21
• Amplitude of the fluctuations mostly from the
plateau
...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck 22
• Planck
• Maps
• CMB Likelihoood
• CMB Results on LCDM
• CMB res...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
Likelihood large scales
• pixel based likelihood for
l=[2,49]
• CMB ...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
Likelihood small scales
• Cl likelihood for l=[50,2500]
• power spec...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
Likelihood
25
Cmodel
` = CCMB
` + Cdust
` + Ccib+sz
` + Cpoisson
` +...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck 26
• Planck
• Maps
• CMB Likelihoood
• CMB Results on LCDM
• CMB res...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
ΛCDM
• 6 parameters
• 2 primordial spectrum
• 1 expansion rate
• 2 p...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
Results
• +WP :WMAP polarisation (TE+EE @ low-l)
‣ breaks As-tau deg...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
Standard cosmology
29
18 fold diminution in constraint volume compar...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
Standard cosmology
29
18 fold diminution in constraint volume compar...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
Heavier and older Universe
30
H0.............. 70.0 + 2.2 67.80 ± 0....
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
(dis)agreement
31
Error bars divided by 2
31
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
(dis)agreement
32
32
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck 33
100 500 1000 2000
Multipole moment
0
500
1000
1500
2
D[mK2
]
ns =...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
Inflation
34
Starting to exclude some inflation models
Scale invariant...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
Inflation
• Measuring bispectrum: Search for specific
shapes in the 3p...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck 36
• Planck
• Maps
• CMB Likelihoood
• CMB Results on LCDM
• CMB res...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
Curvature
37
Flat Universe
37
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
Other implications
38
• q: sound horizon is determined by the
positi...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck 39
Cosmological model established
with exquisit CMB
but
Planck is no...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
CMB lensing: matter tracer
• Gravitational effect of the
LSS @ z=2 a...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
CMB lensing: matter tracer
41
• Reconstructed
projected mass
map
• C...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
CIB: galaxy tracer
42
• This maps primarily show the Cosmic
Infrared...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
CIBxlensing: dark matter tracer
Stacking the Planck mass maps at the...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
SZ effect: hot baryon tracer
44
Electron
énergétique
Amas de Galaxie...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
SZ effect: hot baryon tracer
44
Electron
énergétique
Amas de Galaxie...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
SZ effect: hot baryon tracer
44
Electron
énergétique
Amas de Galaxie...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
Planck: SZ machine
45
45
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
Planck SZ catalogue
46
• PSZ based on [100-857]GHz
maps
• 3 detectio...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
SZ cluster number counts
• Reference mass function:Tinker et al.
• R...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
Constraints from SZ counts
48
SZ+BAO
SZ+HST
degeneracy
8(⌦m/0.29)0.3...
M. Douspis, 03/04/2013, Cosmology from Planck SZ cluster counts
Robustness
• Reference run (SZ+BAO)
• S/N>8 sample
• MMF1 ...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
Coherent view from clusters
• Comparison with some
Optical, X-rays, ...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
Comparison with CMB
• Higher values of Ωm,σ8 in
Planck CMB analysis
...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
SZ counts & CMB
• Getting higher σ8 from clusters
• Change scaling
•...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
SZ counts & CMB
• Higher σ8 in clusters
• (1-b)=0.55
• open question...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
All sky map of the SZ signal
• Adapted component
separation methods ...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
Constraints from SZ map
• Three component model on
50% of the sky:
5...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
And much more...
• Anomalies
• ISW
• proto-clusters
• Galaxy
• ...
5...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
Conclusions
• Planck CMB sets the new
standard LCDM
• No extended LC...
M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck
Coming next
• in 2014 !
• 15 → 30 month
• Polarisation
58
58
59
Thank you !
59
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Cosmological Results from Planck

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Cosmological Results from Planck

  1. 1. Cosmological Results from Planck Marian Douspis IAS-Orsay 1
  2. 2. CITA–ICAT UNIVERSITÀ DEGLI STUDI DI MILANO ABabcdfghiejkl 2 The scientific results that we present today are a product of the Planck Collaboration, including individuals from more than 100 scientific institutes in Europe, the USA and Canada Planck is a project of the European Space Agency, with instruments provided by two scientific Consortia funded by ESA member states (in particular the lead countries: France and Italy) with contributions from NASA (USA), and telescope reflectors provided in a collaboration between ESA and a scientific Consortium led and funded by Denmark. 2
  3. 3. CITA–ICAT UNIVERSITÀ DEGLI STUDI DI MILANO ABabcdfghiejkl 2 The scientific results that we present today are a product of the Planck Collaboration, including individuals from more than 100 scientific institutes in Europe, the USA and Canada Planck is a project of the European Space Agency, with instruments provided by two scientific Consortia funded by ESA member states (in particular the lead countries: France and Italy) with contributions from NASA (USA), and telescope reflectors provided in a collaboration between ESA and a scientific Consortium led and funded by Denmark. 2
  4. 4. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck 3 • Planck • Maps • CMB Likelihoood • CMB Results on LCDM • CMB results on extentions • LSS results • Next.... 3
  5. 5. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck Planck 4 Launch: May 14 2009 • 2 Instruments HFI+LFI • Observation in 9 frequency bands • 22 radiometers (LFI) and 56 sensitive / fast bolometers (HFI) • 5 stages cryogenic cooling chain • Aug. 2009: survey started • Nov. 2010: nominal mission (2 surveys) achieved • Mid-Jan. 2012: extended cryogenic mission (5 surveys) achieved • Summer 2013: warm mission achieved 4
  6. 6. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck Why Planck ? 5 At decision time (~1992) At launch At my PhD (~2000) 5
  7. 7. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck Why Planck ? 6 Probing large and small scales with same instrument to avoid calibration problems 6
  8. 8. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck Why Planck ? 7 WMAP SPT Probing low and high frequencies to have a better handle on contaminating foregrounds 30 44 77 100 143 217 353 545 857 7
  9. 9. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck Planck-HFI: technological success 8 1.6 K Cryostat He3/He4 Extremely complex but extremely stable cryogenic chain 100 mK 4 K 8
  10. 10. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck Planck-HFI: technological success 8 1.6 K Cryostat He3/He4 Extremely complex but extremely stable cryogenic chain 100 mK 4 K 8
  11. 11. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck Planck: data analysis success 9 143 GHz 545 GHz blind bolometer Galaxy cosmics Dipole 33GHz 44GHz 70GHz 100GHz 143GHz 217GHz 353GHz 545GHz 857GHz 800 GB from L2 1010 sample per bolometer 5.107 pixels per map 9
  12. 12. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck Planck: Scientific success 10 Early Results • Release of Point sources and SZ catalogues • based on 11 month of data • 27 papers Results • Release of maps, catalogues, ... • based on 14 month of data • 28 papers Intermediate Results • based on 11 month of data • 13 papers 2011 2013 10
  13. 13. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck Some press coverage 11 March 21st or 22nd, 2013 11
  14. 14. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck 2011+2013 Release 12 • Maps per frequency • CMB maps • component maps • Lensing map • Dust opacity map • point sources catalogues • SZ catalogue • Likelihood ... PLA: Planck Legacy Archive: http://pla.esac.esa.int/pla/aio/planckProducts.html LAMBDA: http://lambda.gsfc.nasa.gov 12
  15. 15. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck 13 • Planck • Maps • CMB Likelihoood • CMB Results on LCDM • CMB results on extentions • LSS results • Next.... 13
  16. 16. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck 2013 Results 14 Low frequency CO Dust 14
  17. 17. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck Planck CMB map 15 15
  18. 18. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck 16 From M.Tristram 16
  19. 19. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck 17 From M.Tristram 17
  20. 20. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck 18 From M.Tristram 18
  21. 21. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck Angular power spectrum 19 19
  22. 22. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck Angular power spectrum 19 19
  23. 23. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck Angular power spectrum 19 19
  24. 24. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck CMB from space 20 20
  25. 25. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck Cosmology 21 • Amplitude of the fluctuations mostly from the plateau • Sound horizon: first peak location • Total matter: changes the contrast between the peaks • Baryon density: changes the ratio between peak heights (inertia) • Reionisation optical depth: damps small scales. Constrained from large scale polarisation but also marginally from lensing • H0: derived from above parameters • Curvature: large scales (ISW) small scales (lensing)‫‏‬ • Neutrino masses: small scales (lensing) 21
  26. 26. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck 22 • Planck • Maps • CMB Likelihoood • CMB Results on LCDM • CMB results on extentions • LSS results • Next.... 22
  27. 27. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck Likelihood large scales • pixel based likelihood for l=[2,49] • CMB map @ low resolution • 4 algorithms: very similar results • Error: dominated by cosmic variance • Anomaly: points lower than best model, no effect on cosmology 23 23
  28. 28. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck Likelihood small scales • Cl likelihood for l=[50,2500] • power spectra of maps @ 100, 143, 217 GHz • No foreground cleaning in maps, but optimized masks and l-regions • Modelling of CMB +contaminants 24 24
  29. 29. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck Likelihood 25 Cmodel ` = CCMB ` + Cdust ` + Ccib+sz ` + Cpoisson ` + Cksz ` Cmodel ` ? ⌘? Cdata ` 25
  30. 30. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck 26 • Planck • Maps • CMB Likelihoood • CMB Results on LCDM • CMB results on extentions • LSS results • Next.... 26
  31. 31. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck ΛCDM • 6 parameters • 2 primordial spectrum • 1 expansion rate • 2 paramaters for densities • reionization • Hypothesis (relaxed for extension) • Flat Universe • No running • No tensor 27 • 3 neutrinos species • Standard neutrinos with low mass 27
  32. 32. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck Results • +WP :WMAP polarisation (TE+EE @ low-l) ‣ breaks As-tau degeneracy • +HighL : +SPT+ACT for l in [2000,2500] ‣ better foreground handling 28 28
  33. 33. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck Standard cosmology 29 18 fold diminution in constraint volume compared to WMAP9 + SPT 33 marginalised nuisance + foreground parameters %-level cosmology Simple LCDM model works remarkably well 29
  34. 34. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck Standard cosmology 29 18 fold diminution in constraint volume compared to WMAP9 + SPT 33 marginalised nuisance + foreground parameters %-level cosmology Simple LCDM model works remarkably well 29
  35. 35. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck Heavier and older Universe 30 H0.............. 70.0 + 2.2 67.80 ± 0.77 Age............. 13.74 + 0.11 13.798 ± 0.037 30
  36. 36. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck (dis)agreement 31 Error bars divided by 2 31
  37. 37. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck (dis)agreement 32 32
  38. 38. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck 33 100 500 1000 2000 Multipole moment 0 500 1000 1500 2 D[mK2 ] ns = 0.96 ns = 1.00 33
  39. 39. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck Inflation 34 Starting to exclude some inflation models Scale invariant perturbation clearly excluded 34
  40. 40. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck Inflation • Measuring bispectrum: Search for specific shapes in the 3pt correlation function → Local type • WMAP9 constraints on nonlinearity parameter fNL local = 37 ± 20 • Upper bound limits extensions of singl- field slow role inflation models 35 35
  41. 41. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck 36 • Planck • Maps • CMB Likelihoood • CMB Results on LCDM • CMB results on extentions • LSS results • Next.... 36
  42. 42. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck Curvature 37 Flat Universe 37
  43. 43. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck Other implications 38 • q: sound horizon is determined by the position of the 7 peaks, and now measured at 0.05% precision • spatially flat Universe • ns: exact scale invariance of the primordial fluctuations is ruled out, at more than 7s (as predicted by base inflation models) • Nucleosynthesis ok • Upper limit on neutrino masses • 3 neutrinos species favored by Planck • no evidence for dynamical dark energy • no evidence for running index dns/dlnk q = 1.04147 ± 0.00056 ns = 0.9608 ± 0.0054 X m⌫ < 0.23eV Neff = 3.30+0.54 0.51 Yp = 0.267 ± 0.044 ⌦k = 0.0007 ± 0.0033 38
  44. 44. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck 39 Cosmological model established with exquisit CMB but Planck is not only a CMB machine ! Planck probes: Dark matter distribution → CMB lensing Hot gas content → Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect Star formation → Cosmic IR Background 39
  45. 45. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck CMB lensing: matter tracer • Gravitational effect of the LSS @ z=2 affects the observed CMB 40 CMB lensing detected at 25σ significance 40
  46. 46. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck CMB lensing: matter tracer 41 • Reconstructed projected mass map • Correlation with external tracers agrees well Planck LCDM in agreement with z=2 structures Quasars – z ~ 1 Galaxy clusters – z ~ 0.2 Galaxies – z~ 0.5 Galaxies – z ~ 0.1 41
  47. 47. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck CIB: galaxy tracer 42 • This maps primarily show the Cosmic Infrared Background, emission from warm dust in distant star-forming galaxies at redshifts between 1 and 3 • CIB = HFI - dust - CMB - PointSources • Sub-degree clustered structures correlate between frequencies Southern cap at 353 GHz results 2011 2011 40deg2 2013 >1000deg2 42
  48. 48. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck CIBxlensing: dark matter tracer Stacking the Planck mass maps at the positions of peaks and troughs of Cosmic Infrared Background leads to a strong detection of the mass associated with these distant star forming galaxies.This is mostly Dark Matter. 43 1º 43
  49. 49. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck SZ effect: hot baryon tracer 44 Electron énergétique Amas de Galaxies: galaxies + gaz CMB photon Photon diffusé plus chaud R. A. Sunyaev Ya. B. Zeldovich 44
  50. 50. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck SZ effect: hot baryon tracer 44 Electron énergétique Amas de Galaxies: galaxies + gaz CMB photon Photon diffusé plus chaud R. A. Sunyaev Ya. B. Zeldovich “Hole in the sky” SZ,Comments on Astrophysics and Space Physics 1972 44
  51. 51. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck SZ effect: hot baryon tracer 44 Electron énergétique Amas de Galaxies: galaxies + gaz CMB photon Photon diffusé plus chaud R. A. Sunyaev Ya. B. Zeldovich “Hole in the sky” SZ,Comments on Astrophysics and Space Physics 1972 44
  52. 52. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck Planck: SZ machine 45 45
  53. 53. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck Planck SZ catalogue 46 • PSZ based on [100-857]GHz maps • 3 detection algorithms • on ~84% of the sky • 1227 clusters & candidates • 683 previously known • 178 new clusters • 366 candidates • z in [0-1] • M in [1~20] 1014 M☉ • Mmed ~ 3.5 1014 M☉ • see Planck 2013 XXIX & PLA 46
  54. 54. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck SZ cluster number counts • Reference mass function:Tinker et al. • Reference scalingY-M: based on 71 Planck clusters • Reference selection function: based on Planck noise maps • Reference sample: S/N selected sample of 189 PSZ clusters Internal consistency: use mostly Planck information 47 (1-b): bias between hydrostatic equilibrium mass and total mass 0.50 2.0 -120 -60 0 60 120 -75 -60 -45 -30 -15 0 15 30 45 60 75 47
  55. 55. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck Constraints from SZ counts 48 SZ+BAO SZ+HST degeneracy 8(⌦m/0.29)0.32 48
  56. 56. M. Douspis, 03/04/2013, Cosmology from Planck SZ cluster counts Robustness • Reference run (SZ+BAO) • S/N>8 sample • MMF1 sample • MC-based completeness • Reference run (SZ+BAO) • Free redshift evolution of scaling • Watson et al. mass function • (1-b) in [0.7-1.0] 49 95% CL 95% CL 49
  57. 57. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck Coherent view from clusters • Comparison with some Optical, X-rays, SZ constraints using clusters 50 0.700.750.800.850.900.95 8(M/0.27)0.3 WL* X-rays* MaxBCG* ACT SPT Planck Planck SPT WMAP Clusters CMBLSS 50
  58. 58. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck Comparison with CMB • Higher values of Ωm,σ8 in Planck CMB analysis • 3σ tension • More general tension between clusters and CMB ? 51 SZ+BAO CMB 0.700.750.800.850.900.95 8(M/0.27)0.3 WL* X-rays* MaxBCG* ACT SPT Planck Planck SPT WMAP Clusters CMBLSS 100 101 102 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 z dNdz Best model from Planck CMB Best model from y-map Best model Planck counts 51
  59. 59. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck SZ counts & CMB • Getting higher σ8 from clusters • Change scaling • Change bias • Account for missing clusters • Getting lower σ8 from CMB • Change initial power spectrum • Change transfert function 52 52
  60. 60. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck SZ counts & CMB • Higher σ8 in clusters • (1-b)=0.55 • open question on baryons • Only few missed clusters • Lower σ8 in CMB • running not enought • massive neutrino • 2 possible solutions that reconcile SZ & CMB 53 SZ+CMB, b = 0.8 SZ+CMB, b in [0.7-1] CMB SZ+CMB+BAO, b [0.7-1] SZ+CMB, b free SZ+BAO CMB 0.20.40.60.81.0 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.4 m 53
  61. 61. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck All sky map of the SZ signal • Adapted component separation methods based on: • constraints on emission spectra + localisation in pixel and multipole domains • 100 to 857GHz channel maps • Resolved SZ clusters (from PSZ catalogue) account for a significant fraction of the tSZ signal in the reconstructed maps 54 Coma O North South 54
  62. 62. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck Constraints from SZ map • Three component model on 50% of the sky: 55 Cmodel ` = CSZ ` + Ccib ` + CP S ` First measure of SZ spectra from large to small scales Consistency with cluster counts cosmology 55
  63. 63. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck And much more... • Anomalies • ISW • proto-clusters • Galaxy • ... 56 • Planck 2013 results. I. Overview of products and results • Planck 2013 results. II. Low Frequency Instrument data processing • Planck 2013 results. III. LFI systematic uncertainties • Planck 2013 results. IV. LFI beams • Planck 2013 results.V. LFI calibration • Planck 2013 results.VI. High Frequency Instrument data processing • Planck 2013 results.VII. HFI time response and beams • Planck 2013 results.VIII. HFI calibration and mapmaking • Planck 2013 results. IX. HFI spectral response • Planck 2013 results. X. HFI energetic particle effects • Planck 2013 results. XI. Consistency of the data • Planck 2013 results. XII. Component separation • Planck 2013 results. XIII. Galactic CO emission • Planck 2013 results. XIV. Zodiacal emission • Planck 2013 results. XV. CMB power spectra and likelihood • Planck 2013 results. XVI. Cosmological parameters • Planck 2013 results. XVII. Gravitational lensing by large-scale structure • Planck 2013 results. XVIII.The gravitational lensing-infrared background correlation • Planck 2013 results. XIX.The integrated Sachs-Wolfe effect • Planck 2013 results. XX. Cosmology from Sunyaev-Zeldovich cluster counts • Planck 2013 results. XXI.All-sky Compton-parameter map and characterization • Planck 2013 results. XXII. Constraints on inflation • Planck 2013 results. XXIII. Isotropy and statistics of the CMB • Planck 2013 results. XXIV. Constraints on primordial non-Gaussianity • Planck 2013 results. XXV. Searches for cosmic strings and other topological defects • Planck 2013 results. XXVI. Background geometry and topology of the Universe • Planck 2013 results. XXVII. Special relativistic effects on the CMB dipole • • Planck 2013 results. XXVIII.The Planck Catalogue of Compact Sources • Planck 2013 results. XXIX.The Planck catalogue of Sunyaev-Zeldovich sources • Planck 2013 results. Explanatory supplement 56
  64. 64. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck Conclusions • Planck CMB sets the new standard LCDM • No extended LCDM needed • Agreement with small scales CMB, SN-union, BAO, lensing x-correlations • Tension with HST/H0, clusters and SZ spectrum • large scale anomaly ? 57 • Planck probes z~1000 • but also • Dark matter z≾2 • Baryons/gas z≾1 • Baryons/light z~2-3 57
  65. 65. M. Douspis, 01/07/2013, Cosmology Results from Planck Coming next • in 2014 ! • 15 → 30 month • Polarisation 58 58
  66. 66. 59 Thank you ! 59
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