Coworking Study - Eaohp Ldn
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Coworking Study - Eaohp Ldn

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Results of a study about Coworking Spaces, presentation at the Eaohp conference 2014 in London

Results of a study about Coworking Spaces, presentation at the Eaohp conference 2014 in London

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Coworking Study - Eaohp Ldn Coworking Study - Eaohp Ldn Presentation Transcript

  • THE SOCIAL ASPECT IN ! COWORKING SPACES! Cornelia Gerdenitsch! Julia Andorfer! Tabea Scheel! Christian Korunka!
  • WHY COWORKING?! General trend of distributed knowledge work ! “Electronic cottage” (Toffler, 1980) ! ISOLATION, COMMUNITY, FEEDBACK, NETWORKING ! (Spinuzzi 2012, Pohler, 2012)! “Third spaces” (Oldenbourg, 1989) ! 2006 First Space: Hat Factory, San Fransico! 2!
  • WHY COWORKING?! General trend of distributed knowledge work ! “Electronic cottage” (Toffler, 1980) ! Isolation? Community? Feedback? ! (Spinuzzi 2012, Pohler, 2012)! “Third spaces” (Oldenbourg, 1989) ! 2006 First Space: Hat Factory, San Fransico! 3!
  • (Deskmag online magazine)! 4!
  • HOW CAN CWS BE CHARACTERISED?! (Spinuzzi 2012; Pohler, 2012)! 5! community workspace ! •  serves local community! •  working alongside, few interaction! Unoffices ! •  less expensive than a traditional office space! •  Discussion & interaction! federated Space! •  a social hub, a social environment to work! •  collaborating on projects!
  • What is the role of social support in Coworking Spaces?! 6! Cross-sectional online survey in Europe! Job demands, Job ressources, outcomes 
 (JD-R model, Bakker & Demerouti, 2007; Demerouti, et al., 2001)! RESSOURCES IN COWORKING SPACES! Is social support related to satisfaction with work, work engagement and self-efficacy?! Interaction with time pressure?!
  • 7! METHOD: PROCEDURE - RECRUITING! 208 Coworking Spaces (27 European countries) ! 50 guaranteed their support ! Reminder two weeks afterwards! ! Coworking Spaces, Deskmag, ! Coworking news! ! ! Personal contact! !
  • 8! METHOD: INSTRUMENTS! Study variable! References! Cronbachʼs alpha! Social support! Work-related social support scale (Frese, 1989); fellow Coworker and (other) friends! .80! Time pressure! ISTA – Semmer, Zapf & Dunckel, 1999! .81! Self-efficacy! Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale (Schwarzer & Jerusalem, 1995)! .78! Work engagement! Utrecht work engagement scale (UWES-9; Schaufeli, Bakker, & Salanova, 2006)! .89! Satisfaction: 
 Work Quality! How satisfied are you with the quality of your work?! Satisfaction: Achieving Objectives! How satisfied are you with the achievement of the goals you have set for your work?!
  • 9! SEKTOR FIVE! •  Software developer, male, 28 years! •  Social media marketing agency, female, 30 years! •  Mobile app developer, male, 25 years! APPROPRIATNENESS OF THE SURVEY?!
  • 10! METHOD: SAMPLE! N = 154 Coworkers! 102 male, 52 female! Mean age: 35 (min:19, max:62, SD = 8.45)! 79% university degree! Most self-employed (62%)!
  • 11! MAIN REASONS TO WORK IN A CWS! 0! 20! 40! 60! 80! 100! Flexibility! Provision of infrastructure! Networking! Productivity! Social interaction! Percent  
  • 12! INTERACTION WITH TIME PRESSURE #1! 1! 2! 3! 4! 5! Low Social support! High Social support! SATISFACTION! 1! 2! 3! 4! Low social support! High social support! SELF-EFFICACY! Low time pressure! High time pressure!
  • 13! INTERACTION WITH TIME PRESSURE #2! 1! 2! 3! 4! Low social support! High social support! SELF-EFFICACY! Low time pressure! High time pressure!
  • •  Coworkers experience social support in CWS, which is important especially in hard times! •  Cross-sectional study; Effects rather small! ! •  Quality of social interaction! –  Social support vs. social interaction! –  Working alone together 
 drinking coffee and chatting 
 collaborating on projects! •  Important as a first attempt to research
 the social aspect in Coworking Spaces! 14! CONCLUSION!
  • cornelia.gerdenitsch@univie.ac.at! @cgerden! linkd.in/16c3KU3! bit.ly/18Nx1kD! www.cgerden.net! THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION! 15!