Memory & Learning
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Memory & Learning

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Powerpoint for EDCI 500

Powerpoint for EDCI 500

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Memory & Learning Presentation Transcript

  • 1. M e m o r y & L e a r n i n g Corbin Thompson EDCI 500
  • 2. Types of Memory
    • Sensory memory
    • Short term or working memory
    • Long term memory
  • 3. Sensory Memory
    • Sensory memory is the initial
    • processing that transforms incoming
    • stimuli into information so
    • the brain can make sense
    • of the information.
      • Large capacity
      • Fragile in short duration
  • 4. Short Term or Working Memory
    • Short term or working memory is the
    • information you are focusing on at the
    • given moment.
    • Fragile and easily lost
    • Must be kept activated
    • to be retained longer
    • than 20 seconds
  • 5. Long Term Memory
    • Long term memory is the permanent
    • storage of memory in the brain. The
    • capabilities of long term memory seem
    • unlimited.
    • Once information is
    • securely stored in long
    • term memory it can remain
    • permanently.
  • 6. Types of Long Term Memory
    • Declarative- knowing verbal information, facts, “knowing something is the case”
      • Examples: Braille, sign language, ballet
    • Procedural- knowledge that is demonstrated when we perform a task, “knowing how”
      • Examples: driving a car, using a computer
    • Conditional- knowing when and why to use declarative and procedural knowledge
      • Examples: reading vs. skimming a textbook
  • 7. Remembering
    • Mnemonics- the procedure for improving memory technique, the “art of memory”
    • Loci method- technique
    • of associating items and
    • specific places
    • Peg-type mnemonics- system of associating items with cue words
    • Acronym- technique for remembering names, phrases, and steps by using the 1 st letter of each word to form a new, memorable word
  • 8. Examples of Memory Techniques
    • A common mnemonic acronym is ROY G. BIV which helps science students remember the colors of the visible spectrum—Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Indigo, Violet.
    • IPMAT helps Biology students remember the stages of cell division—Interphase, Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telephase.
    • “ 30 days has September” rhyme to remember the days in each month
  • 9. Forgetting
    • Forgetting, or decay, is the weakening
    • and fading of memories over
    • time.
    • As new thoughts accumulate,
    • old information is lost from
    • working memory
    • If you don’t continue to pay
    • attention to information, the
    • activation level decays
  • 10. Learning
    • Allan Paivio suggested that information is stored in long term memory as visual images, verbal units, or both.
    • Information coded
    • both visually and verbally
    • is easiest to learn.
    • Explaining ideas with
    • text and visual images is
    • the most helpful in teaching students.