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01 29 2013 Cloud Forest BC
 

01 29 2013 Cloud Forest BC

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    01 29 2013 Cloud Forest BC 01 29 2013 Cloud Forest BC Presentation Transcript

    • http://www.geocraft.com/WVFossils/GlobWarmTest/Q1.html Global Warming Test2 -P1252719384vFGfs Sept 09 2012 Cloud Forest BC by P. Anna Paddon 01 29 2013Cloud Forest BC Elect P. Anna Paddon 05 14 2013 MLA BC Provincial ElectionSign Up Volunteer Pre-Nomination Free Powerpoint Templates Canvassing Election Page 1
    • Cloud Forest BC Elect P. Anna Paddon 05 14 2013 MLA BC Provincial Election Sign Up Volunteer Pre-Nomination Canvassing Election http://www.geocraft.com/WVFossils/GlobWarmTest/Q1.html Global Warming Test2 -P1252719384vFGfs Sept 09 2012Cloud Forest BCby P. Anna Paddon 01 29 2013Q National Programme for the development of the Transportation sector – keypriorities for business and government ; Canadian/US/Russian agriculture in aglobal context – raising its international competitiveness; The impact of WTOaccession and other free trade agreements; Development strategies of the leadingagriholdings; The availability of financing for the sector; Dialogue betweeninvestors and agrocompanies; Trading and risk management; Developing theagricultural infrastructure to raise effectiveness; How to prepare the nextgeneration of agrarian professionalsPowerpoint Templates Free and much more. Page 2
    • A cloud forest, also called a fog forest, is a generally tropical orsubtropical, evergreen, montane, moist forest characterized bya persistent, frequent or seasonal low-level cloud cover, usuallyat the canopy level. Cloud forests often exhibit an abundance ofmosses covering the ground and vegetation, in which case theyare also referred to as mossy forests. Mossy forests usuallydevelop on the saddles of mountains, where moistureintroduced by settling clouds is more effectively retained.[1 The "greenhouse effect" helps to moderate temperatures -- especially nighttime temperatures. Without the greenhouse effect, the average temperature of the Earth would be -18 degrees C. Greenhouse gases allow sunlight to pass through Earths atmosphere, but as sunlight strikes the earth it is partially changed to radiant heat. Greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide, water vapor/droplets, and methane help inhibit the escape of radiant heat back into space. That is why the danger of nighttime frost is greater when the skies are clear than when skies are cloudy. Cloud Forest BC Elect P. Anna Paddon 05 14 2013 MLA BC Provincial Election Sign Up Volunteer Pre-Nomination Canvassing Election Free Powerpoint Templates Page 3
    • Many areas of British Columbia have cloud forests, fog forests. Generally these areas are called rainforest : coastal temperate tropical or highland subtropical, rainforest. They have characteristics listed in the Global Warming Quiz for Cloud Forest: evergreen, montane, moist forest characterized by a persistent, frequent or seasonal low-level cloud cover, usually at the canopy level. Cloud forests BC Wikipedia :Definition : For temperate rain forests of North America, Alabacks definitio is widely recognized: Annual precipitation over 1400 mm; Mean annual temperature is between 4 and 12 °C. (39 and 54 °F). However, required annual precipitation depends on factors such as distribution of rainfall over the year, temperatures over the year and fog presence, and definitions in other countries differ considerably. For example, Australian definitions are ecological-structural rather than climatic: Closed canopy of trees excludes at least 70% of the sky; Forest is composed mainly of tree species which do not require fire for regeneration, but with seedlings able to regenerate under shade and in natural openings.[3] The latter would, for example, exclude a part of the temperate rain forests of western North America, as Coast Douglas-fir, one of its dominant tree species, requires stand-destroying disturbance to initiate a new cohort of seedlings. The North American definition would in turn exclude a part of temperate rain forests in other countries Global Warming occurs in cycles caused mainly by changes in the suns energy output and the suns relative position to the earth. Over 95% of the greenhouse effect is the result of water vapor in Earths atmosphere. But because water droplets held in suspension (clouds) make almost as good a reflector as they do a thermal insulator, there is little rise in daytime temperatures due to the greenhouse effect. Any greenhouse warming, if it does occur, is limited to primarily increasing nighttime temperatures, which provides beneficial moderation of nighttime low temperatures, but no increase in daytime high temperatures. Dr. Patrick Michaels, Professor of Environmental Sciences, University of Virginia, has demonstrated this phenomenon very effectively. Mount Seymour Cloud Forest David Charge photo 5:14  pm 15 Dec 2011 Hoh Rainforest /wiki/File:Hoh_Valley_Bigleaf_Maples2b.jpg /wiki/File:Hoh_Valley_Bigleaf_Maples2b.jpgMaples covered with epiphytic moss in the Hoh Rainforest Free Powerpoint Templates Page 4Cloud Forest BC Elect P. Anna Paddon 05 14 2013 MLA BC Provincial Election Sign Up Volunteer Pre-Nomination Canvassing Election
    • Many areas of British Columbia have cloud forests, fog forests. Generally these areas are called rainforest : coastal temperate tropical or highland subtropical, rainforest. They have characteristics listed in the Global Warming Quiz for Cloud Forest: evergreen, montane, moist forest characterized by a persistent, frequent or seasonal low-level cloud cover, usually at the canopy level. Cloud forests BC Wikipedia :Definition : For temperate rain forests of North America, Alabacks definitio is widely recognized: Annual precipitation over 1400 mm; Mean annual temperature is between 4 and 12 °C. (39 and 54 °F). However, required annual precipitation depends on factors such as distribution of rainfall over the year, temperatures over the year and fog presence, and definitions in other countries differ considerably. For example, Australian definitions are ecological-structural rather than climatic: Closed canopy of trees excludes at least 70% of the sky; Forest is composed mainly of tree species which do not require fire for regeneration, but with seedlings able to regenerate under shade and in natural openings.[3] The latter would, for example, exclude a part of the temperate rain forests of western North America, as Coast Douglas-fir, one of its dominant tree species, requires stand-destroying disturbance to initiate a new cohort of seedlings. The North American definition would in turn exclude a part of temperate rain forests in other countries Global Warming occurs in cycles caused mainly by changes in the suns energy output and the suns relative position to the earth. Over 95% of the greenhouse effect is the result of water vapor in Earths atmosphere. But because water droplets held in suspension (clouds) make almost as good a reflector as they do a thermal insulator, there is little rise in daytime temperatures due to the greenhouse effect. Any greenhouse warming, if it does occur, is limited to primarily increasing nighttime temperatures, which provides beneficial moderation of nighttime low temperatures, but no increase in daytime high temperatures. Dr. Patrick Michaels, Professor of Environmental Sciences, University of Virginia, has demonstrated this phenomenon very effectively. Mount Seymour Cloud Forest David Charge photo 5:14  pm 15 Dec 2011 Hoh Rainforest /wiki/File:Hoh_Valley_Bigleaf_Maples2b.jpg /wiki/File:Hoh_Valley_Bigleaf_Maples2b.jpgMaples covered with epiphytic moss in the Hoh Rainforest Free Powerpoint Templates Page 5Cloud Forest BC Elect P. Anna Paddon 05 14 2013 MLA BC Provincial Election Sign Up Volunteer Pre-Nomination Canvassing Election
    • In traditional Qeqchi Maya expression it is said: the forest catches the clouds (li kiche naxchap li choq.) This is exactly what a cloud forestdoes. Cloud forests catch clouds. Or in the parlance of biologists: Cloud forests filter clouds in a process called lateral cloud filtering. Cloudsblow in among the trees as moisture from the ocean moves inland, encountering mountains. Water droplets (like the one pictured below) collecton the leaves of the trees of these forests through the process of lateral cloud filtering. In many cases, cloud filtering accounts for more than halfof the annual precipitation in cloud forests. Cloud Forest Defined Cloud forests are like rain forests in that Cloud Forest Defined - Community Cloud Forest Conservationthey generally receive high levels of precipitation. The www.cloudforestconservation.org/cloud_forest/ difference is, with cloud forests much of that precipitation comes directly from clouds, through the cloud filtering of the trees.There are cloud forests all over the world. People usually think of cloud forests as uniquely tropical. However, lateral cloud filtering happens in temperate regions as well.Take a walk along Cape Lookout Point on the Oregon coast. The hemlocks and Sitka spruces stand like towers along the rugged coast. Ocean breezes pushing moisture in from the Pacific is almost a constant here. Moisture from the clouds condenses as it touches the tree tops. The condensed water forms tiny droplets. Epiphytes growing on the massive trunks of the spruce trees are the first to catch the water. Walk under these trees on a cloudy, breezy day and you would think you were in a rain storm. Walk out into the parking lot of the trail head and you will notice that it is not rain at all. Annual precipitation in the nearby village of Cape Meares is 65 to 90 inches. Under the towering cover of the mature hemlock and spruce forest, the annual precipitation is 150 inches to 200 inches.Similar dynamics of lateral cloud filtration occur all along the pacific coast. From the forests of the Kenai peninsula near Seward, Alaska, to Cape Scott on Vancouver Island, to Quinault, Washington on the Olympic peninsula, to Khwunrghunme, California among the towering Coastal Redwoods. In these forests a large percentage of precipitation comes from directly from cloud filtering. Thus these forests can be, and maybe should be, considered cloud forests although they are often referred to as temporate rain forests. Free Powerpoint Templates Page 6Cloud Forest BC Elect P. Anna Paddon 05 14 2013 MLA BC Provincial Election Sign Up Volunteer Pre-Nomination Canvassing Election
    • Vancouver Aquarium a Cool-Moist Conservatory Cloud Forest Animation Enter the Cloud Forest, a mysterious world look for the Three Toed Sloth, the Ibis, the Armadillos. Cloud Forest Step out of the concrete jungle into a realm high in the mountains where you can learn about rare plants their fast-disappearing environment. Take in breathtaking mountain views surrounded by diverse vegetation and hidden floral gems that disappear into the clouds. The Cool-Moist Conservatory Enter the Cloud Forest, a mysterious world veiled in mist; entirely different from the Flower Dome. A 35-metre tall mountain covered in lush vegetation shrouding the world’s tallest indoor waterfall showcases plant life from tropical highlands up to 2,000-metres above sea level. Ascend to the mountaintop in comfort by lift before descending via two walkways in the clouds for an aerial view of the canopy and mountainside below. Learn about unique biodiversity and geology of cloud forests and the environmental threats they face within the nine unique zones in this cool-moist Conservatory. Click here for the 360 view of the Cloud Forest by Roy Chuang World of Plants Flower Dome SuperTree Grove Cloud Forest Artificial Worlds Created http://wzus1.ask.com/r?t=p&d=us&s=a&c=a&app=a16&dqi=cloud%2520forest%2520prince %2520rupert&askid=08430eda-e485-4591-8800-ae34e8cc9567-0- us_gsb&l=dir&o=4252&oo=4252&ld=2123&sv=0a5ca88a&ip=4642508f&id=AC8CFE1C0954C06687 B29CE9B0943DA0&q=the+cloud+forest&p=1&qs=999&ac=903&g=6349rv7Tpv %W3e&cu.wz=0&en=te&io=0&ep=&eo=&b=a010&bc=&br=&tp=d&ec=1&pt=Cloud%20Forest%20- %20Gardens%20by%20the%20Bay&ex=tsrc%3Dtled&url=&u=http%3A%2F %2Fwww.gardensbythebay.com.sg%2Fen%2Fthe-gardens%2Fattractions%2Fcloud-forest.html Free Powerpoint Templates Page 7Cloud Forest BC Elect P. Anna Paddon 05 14 2013 MLA BC Provincial Election Sign Up Volunteer Pre-Nomination Canvassing Election
    • emperature after C.R. Scotese http://www.scotese.com/climate.htm CO2 after R.A. Berner, 2001 (GEOCARB III) Free Powerpoint Templates Cloud Forest BC Elect P. Anna Paddon 05 14 2013 MLA Page 8 BC Provincial Election Sign Up Volunteer Pre-Nomination Canvassing Election
    • Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the principal gas that trees and other plants need to survive, just likeoxygen (O2) is the principal gas that humans and other animals require. Trees absorb CO2 andrelease O2-- animals inhale O2 and exhale CO2. See how nice this all works!Earths first, primitive forests made their prolific debut 300 million years agoduring the Carboniferous Period . Before then, the atmosphere held far more CO2but concentrations declined throughout the Carboniferous Period as plantsflourished.During the Carboniferous Period the atmosphere became greatly depleted of CO2 (decliningfrom about 2500 ppm to 350 ppm) so that by the end of the Carboniferous the CO2-impoverished atmosphere was less favorable to plant life and plant growth slowed dramatically.Today, CO2 concentrations are barely at 380 ppm (0.038% of our atmosphere) and most of thatcomes from entirely natural sources.Carbon dioxide (CO2) is not to be confused with its poisonous evil cousin carbon monoxide (CO),which can kill humans and animals in just a few minutes. Life as we know it could not existwithout carbon dioxide in our atmosphere.Recent studies indicate CO2 enrichment of 1.5 times the present amount in the atmosphereincreases photosynthesis by 45%. Recent studies indicate CO2 enrichment of 1.5 times the present amount in the atmosphere increases photosynthesis by 45%. Cloud Forest BC Elect P. Anna Paddon 05 14 2013 MLA BC Provincial Election Sign Up Volunteer Pre-Nomination Canvassing Election Free Powerpoint Templates Page 9
    • Carbon dioxide is invisible. The puffs of clouds you see from coal-fired power plants are just that-- clouds. Powerplants use steam to drive the turbines which generate electricity. Steam must be cooled and condensed to water to reuse it to make more steam. The fat, curvy towers that look like they are belching white smoke are really only emitting pure water vapor. They are in effect making clouds. The actual exhaust emissions come from the smokestack, which is the tall skinny tower. Because modern technology makes it possible to remove much of the fly ash and sulfur before releasing smokestackCloud Forest gases to the air, smokestack emissonsTree ferns in a cloud forest Mount Kinabalu Borneo 250px today are often almost invisible. Coal-fired power plants exhaust emissions come from the smokestack, which is the tall skinny tower. Cloud Forest BC Elect P. Anna Paddon 05 14 2013 MLA BC Provincial Election Sign Up Volunteer Pre-Nomination Canvassing Election Free Powerpoint Templates Page 10
    • The primary cause of variations in global temperature is due to the cycles of the sun and Earths orbit about the sun. In addition to 40-year cycles and 500-year cycles, other temperature cycles include: 21,000 year cycle: Elliptical orbit of the Earth around the Sun (precession of the equinoxes) 41,000 year cycle: Cycle of the +/- 1.5 degree wobble in Earths orbit 100,000 year cycle: Variations in the shape of Earths elliptical orbit ( cycle of eccentricity ) Some of the warmest temperatures in the last 2000 years occurred during the Medieval Warm Period from 1000 to 1350 AD. Clearly industrial pollution was not the cause.Cloud Forest BC Elect P. Anna Paddon 05 14 2013 MLA BC Provincial ElectionSign Up Volunteer Pre-Nomination Canvassing Election Free Powerpoint Templates Page 11
    • Since about 1979, each day satellites measure thetemperature over about 80% of the globe to anaccuracy of about 0.1 degree C. Weather balloonsonly make measurements at specific locations thatare concentrated mostly over land (1).The real signature of greenhouse warming is notsurface temperature but temperature in the middleof the troposphere, about 5 kilometers up. If globalwarming is occurring from an increasinggreenhouse effect due to CO2 additions by humansthe temperature of the middle troposphere shouldbe warming faster than Earths surface (2,3). Atmosphere NASAHowever, the opposite has been happening-- whichsuggests either the surface temperature recordsare in error or natural factors, such as changes insolar activity, may be responsible for the slight risein surface temperatures (approximately 0.6° C,globally) that appears to have occurred over thepast century.Interestingly, in the 5 years leading up to 2007 thetemperature of the mid troposphere has actuallydecreased slightly and surface temperatures haveceased warming-- even as CO2 concentrationshave continued to increase (4). This should not behappening if CO2 increases to the atmosphere arethe primary driver of global warming. Surface - vr - Satellite Temps NOAA Free Powerpoint Templates Cloud Forest BC Elect P. Anna Paddon 05 14 2013 MLA -ceased warming BC Provincial Election Page 12 Sign Up Volunteer Pre-Nomination Canvassing Election
    • http://www.geocraft.com/WVFossils/GlobWarmTest/Q1.html Global Warming Test2 -P1252719384vFGfs Sept 09 2012Thank You P. Anna Paddon 02 01 2013 Cloud Forest BC by P. Anna Paddon 01 29 2013Cloud Forest BC Elect P. Anna Paddon 05 14 2013 MLA BC Provincial ElectionSign Up Volunteer Pre-Nomination Free Powerpoint Templates Canvassing Election Page 13