Constellium activity report 2011


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Constellium activity report 2011

  1. 1. 13 +3Al ways a step ahead
  2. 2. Contents 2 6 EXPLORING THE FUTURE 8 • Shaping the future through innovation Think about aluminium. Locked inside an atom of aluminium, is a world of opportunities. Constellium’s 10 • Voreppe, Constellium’s mission is to unlock that potential and to melting pot for ideas INTRODUCTION 12 • Innovation Cells, a new transform aluminium from a molten metal 2 • 2011 at a glance 4 • Interview with Pierre Vareille look at innovation into a vast range of advanced technology 14 • Interview with Professor products for our customers. Francesco Stellacci Innovative ideas are vital for exploring the future and the groundbreaking technologies. At Constellium, we constantly 16 strive to give shape to ideas by drawing on our teams of talented experts, our reputation for manufacturing know-how and our close partnerships with customers. MATERIALIZING IDEAS 18 • Aluminium, the strengths By turning creativity into technology, of a 21st century material we materialize ideas so that our customers 34 20 • Global ATI, shaping the sky 24 • SSH, leading the way in key markets from industries including aerospace, 28 • EAS, promising trends automotive and packaging get the high value 32 • Recycling, aluminium’s ace card solutions they are looking for. Throughout this process, our focus is on delivering excellence DELIVERING EXCELLENCE in everything we do and making sure that 36 • Interview with Peter Basten 38 • EHS, putting safety we deliver on our commitments. It’s all at the top of the agenda about dedication and imagination. In action. 40 • Health and safety at work 42 • Protecting the environment
  3. 3. Introduction Key figures Evolution 2009/2011 Sales (€M) Volumes (KT) 4 1200 3,555 1000 1.058 3 973 2,957 800 871 2 2,292 600 400 1 +29% +20% +12% +9% vs vs 200 vs vs 2009 2010 2009 2010 0 0 2009 2010 2011 2009 2010 2011 Key figures (Dec. 31st, 2011) 2011 sales breakdown by business unit 2011 FTE breakdown by geographic area 45% Specialty Sheet 48% France 30% Global ATI 22% Germany 25% Extrusions & 10% Switzerland Automotive Structures 6% Czech Republic 1% Slovakia 11% USA 2% Asia (China, Japan, Korea, Singapore) 2011 sales breakdown by end-market 2011 FTE breakdown by business segment 2011 With over 9,000 employees, Constellium has three business units: Global Aerospace, Transportation and Industry (Global ATI), Specialty Sheet and Extrusions & Automotive Structures, 34% Packaging 38% Global ATI at a glance which are supported by a world-class research center in Voreppe, France, and a strong Research and Technology organization. 15% 11% 13% Aerospace Automotive Other transportation 24% Specialty Sheet 34% Extrusions & Automotive Structures Constellium is recognized as the world leader in aerospace 4% Corporate and R&D 12% Industry In markets as diverse as aerospace, plates, general engineering plates, closure sheets and bright 9% Building automotive, construction, packaging, sheets and as the European leader in can body stock and large 6% Other energy and transportation, Constellium profiles. Constellium, which has its operational headquarters in Paris, France, generated sales of €3.6 billion in 2011. is uniquely positioned to deliver innovative, invaluable, world-class aluminium 2011 sales breakdown by geographic area (Country of invoice) products and solutions. 15% France 9,280 28% Germany EMPLOYEES 19% United Kingdom ES M N IU 3% Switzerland 2007 TO LL 16% Other Europe 22 11 ES TE RIO TINTO 12% North America UM EL T S MANUFACTURING COUNTRIES IL S ACQUIRES LI Asia & Oceania ST C 5% M ON SITES N DU ALCAN CO RO 2% Rest of the world C ES P CO ER S M ED BE INE ST EP G V E 1999 2003 Shareholding 1 N EN DI 11 structure C A N TO 20 R&D CENTER AL LCA TIN ALCAN ACQUIRES ALCAN ACQUIRES 51% APOLLO ALUSUISSE PECHINEY A O 39% RIO TINTO RI 10% FSI2 3
  4. 4. Introduction Interview with Pierre Vareille and notably China, has driven growth, though weakness in the safe and sound, and for Constellium to be the industry benchmark construction industry made it a difficult year for extrusions. And for safety. We also need a step change in how we serve custom- last but not least, can stock, our main product in Specialty Sheet, ers, by supplying products that almost never lead to a claim and once again achieved record volumes. are delivered on time. As for growth, there are huge opportunities in our strategic areas of aerospace, but also in the automotive What are the prospects looking ahead to 2015? industry, where aluminium was once for niche markets but is P.V.: They are promising, for some fundamental reasons. In almost increasingly used in volume cars. In packaging, if we continue every field of manufacturing industry, aluminium is gaining ground to improve our service to customers, we will continue to gain over other metals and materials. What’s more, Constellium is market share. Overall, our target is to triple EBITDA by 2015 and focused on the value-added segments of markets which are to significantly improve our cash flow. Finally, to drive innovation, enjoying real growth and will most probably continue to do so. we will keep investing in R&D to create the breakthrough products So although we live in a world of uncertainties, our multi-year of 2020 and 2030. We have had great success in aerospace with contracts with key customers like Airbus, Boeing and major can- AIRWARETM; now we need its automotive equivalent. makers do give us visibility. Our aerospace prospects reflect the present market conditions because airlines need to modernize The power Looking back, what’s your view of 2011? Pierre Vareille: It was a year of transition, a very important one. Our main shareholder changed from a corporation to a private their fleets with lighter planes that consume less fuel,and they also need to expand those fleets in areas like Southeast Asia, where tourism is booming. In automotive, China is now the world’s I have formed the unbreakable conviction of change equity company, our name became Constellium and we reorgan- ized the business to improve our operations and our cost position, largest market and German cars – which use more aluminium – are the preferred choice. Can stock will also continue its steady that we will, all together, create which is the absolute condition to conquer new customers. That growth. one of the jewels of the European Pierre Vareille, Constellium’s Chairman included the divestment of AIN, so we are now totally dedicated and Chief Executive Officer, looks at to aluminium transformation. We also rolled out our investment What are your strategic aims? manufacturing industry. the achievements of the past year plan, which includes new casthouses at Voreppe and Issoire for P.V.: We have three key objectives, the first being to focus on our our AIRWARETM technology. Meanwhile, the chairman and chief chosen growth segments – aerospace, automotive, packaging and the challenges that lie ahead. executive roles were merged, and I’m both proud and honored and industry. Geographically, we are looking for opportunities What kind of Constellium would you like to see Safety, customer focus and innovation to hold this new position. All in all, it has been a challenging year, to expand our global footprint, in Asia in particular. The second in five years’ time? are among the key priorities. because change is rarely easy; but change we must. objective is to create product leadership, based on innovative P.V.: I want us to be even more rigorous. I also want to decentral- technologies that really are differentiating. The third is excellence ize decision-making – so that decisions are taken at the lowest How did Constellium perform as a business? in our operations, through Lean transformation and the Constellium possible level – and to create a system of continuous improve- P.V.: Overall, it was quite positive. Sales grew 20%, reaching over Business System. Together with our strong focus on sustainabil- ment, one where everyone takes part and influences their work €3.5 billion, and we delivered increases in EBITDA and cash flow. ity and recycling, it’s a strategy we believe will help us achieve environment. In short, I want to create an entrepreneurial spirit, Production rose by about 10%, to more than 1 million metric tons. our four True North Goals. so that people take risks and put themselves and their ideas In short, it was a period of recovery after two very difficult years, forward. I am very optimistic about the future: throughout all my due to the general economic climate. For Global Aerospace, And what are those goals? site visits and all my meetings with our employees, I have formed Transportation and Industry, the aerospace sector is growing P.V.: They concern Environment, Health and Safety, customer the unbreakable conviction that we will, all together, create rapidly again after a tough 2008-09, and we sealed important focus, organic growth and innovation. I put EHS FIRST, our com- one of the jewels of the European manufacturing industry. contracts with our key customers. For Extrusions & Automotive prehensive approach to Environment, Health and Safety, as our Structures, the strong performance of German carmakers in Asia, absolute priority. We want everyone to return home from work4 5
  5. 5. Exploringthe future 8 Shaping the future through innovation10 Voreppe, Constellium’s melting pot for ideas12 Innovation Cells, a new look at innovation14 Partnerships, the science of working together 7
  6. 6. Exploring the future Innovation A world of potential with Open Innovation To deliver on our strategy, Constellium has created an eco- system for Open Innovation. It’s open, because we believe not just in the expertise of our own scientists, engineers and marketing teams, but also in partnerships with the world outside. At the center of this ecosystem is our advanced R&D facility at Voreppe in France, a world-leading resource for Shaping Innovation is one of the True North Goals of Constellium’s corporate strategy. Though our business units enjoy a wide range of market-leading positions in Europe and around A major emerging trend Constellium business units but also for carrying out joint research with our customers. Every year, our customer partner- ships yield research and technologies that set new performance the future the world, we are fully committed to developing new products and processes that will further strengthen those positions endorsed by Constellium benchmarks for sustainability and efficiency. Along with Constellium’s world-leading R&D resources, our is to take a holistic approach through innovation and satisfy our customers’ unmet needs. A striking achieve- ment is our proprietary AIRWARE™ technology for the aerospace sector. Through innovation, aluminium can also challenge the to innovation. strategy for innovation also includes partnerships with about 40 universities and international research laboratories, further enhancing our ability to deliver advanced solutions. The Swiss positions of other widely-used materials, such as PET in Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL) and France’s ViaMéca Constellium has a longstanding certain types of packaging or steel in the automotive sector. mechanical engineering research cluster are just two such tradition for excellence in innovation. In all areas, Constellium actively seeks opportunities to they interface with other materials in an increasingly hybrid partners. Constellium is constantly improving its own organ- With 200 patent families in critical deliver innovative solutions through co-development with world that requires engineering excellence. ization. Process innovation is supported by R&D and driven technologies, the company is fully its customers. A major emerging trend endorsed by Constellium is to take a by a dedicated technology organization operating a series of committed to innovation in its products, holistic approach to innovation, one that incorporates advanced technology networks that bring together experts and engineers processes and services. Delivering on that Exploiting the advantages of aluminium material design, processing, and the customer’s enabling to industrialize new products and promote best practices at At the heart of our strategy for innovation is the search for technologies. A key feature throughout this approach is the plant level. These Technology Networks cover areas including commitment means not just harnessing products and technologies that exploit aluminium’s advantages extensive use of state-of-the-art numerical modeling. While industrialization, hot and cold rolling, casting, maintenance, the talent of our own people, but also in lightweighting, strength, formability and durability. The there is a focus on deliverable solutions, our strategy for innov- molten metal and recycling. Outside learning can be rapidly working with customers, suppliers, market opportunities for this are already enormous – and ation also includes our processes, particularly in manufactur- assimilated into the knowledge management processes research scientists and academics will also continue to grow thanks to an increasing trend ing. Throughout our plants, we use innovation to make these through a technology watch. Further resources are provided around the world. for capital goods to be multi-material and multifunctional; processes safer, more efficient and to lower energy consump- by Innovation Cells, a unit that supports our business units particularly in the automotive and transportation sectors. This tion – and to also help create new products. In addition, we – from the idea and prototype stages to business plans. means that our innovation talent is not only focusing on the are at the forefront of recycling in areas including packaging, At Constellium, innovation really is at the beating heart of scope of aluminium technologies themselves, but also how and materials from the aerospace and automotive sectors. everything we do.8 9
  7. 7. Exploring the future Voreppe Research Center set of alloys and trademarks including Formalex™ (an Al-Mg alloy) for inner body parts and Surfalex™ for hoods. To help customers design Crash management systems and produce cost-effective With car safety a clear priority for manufacturers, Constellium materials that are perfectly helps its automotive customers by developing innovative crash management systems. One such innovation is the inserted adapted to their needs front crash box, placed directly into a vehicle’s longitudinals and now used by several carmakers. Constellium has patented a towing unit that is integrated into a rear crash box. It does Voreppe It’s the largest research center devoted to aluminium in Western Europe, it’s home to 200 senior-level specialists and it’s the driving force behind innovation at Constellium — the avoids the need to melt the parts being welded, FSW aims to help customers in the aerospace sector to optimize their material usage and reduce costs. Used to create larger not require a towing nut and benefits from a reduced welding length and fewer parts. Like the front crashbox, the towing unit is also an exercise in lightweighting. Working with our Constellium’s Voreppe Research Center (CRV). pieces without losing any of the material properties, FSW par- ticularly reduces the manufacturing costs for assembling facilities at Singen, the CRV has developed thinner (down- gauged) and higher-strength aluminium extruded components melting pot Key roles in supporting the business Equipped with the latest scientific hardware, prototyping equipment and modeling technology, the CRV has three key applications of fuselage and wing substructures. Techniques including FSW and laser beam welding can help significantly reduce the weight of an aircraft. Constellium’s AIRWARE™ that maintain crash performance. CRV Services for third party aluminium users for ideas roles to play: to develop innovative, sustainable, value-added solutions for customers; to provide opportunities for future technology, used in aircraft including the Airbus A350 or Bombardier CSeries, delivers a 25% reduction in weight when As part of its activities, the CRV also offers a wide range of services to help external manufacturing and processing com- business growth and to support our technology networks in combined with advanced welding techniques and redesign panies implement effective R&D programs. Whether it’s new Since it first opened in 1967, the Voreppe sharing best practices for our processes. In terms of organiza- of the airframe. alloys, new systems for processing, assembling and forming Research Center (CRV) has provided tion, the CRV is based around multidisciplinary teams dedicated materials, or new applications, CRV knowledge and experience a wealth of innovation in aluminium and its to three key markets (aerospace, automotive and rigid pack- High formability sheet for the automotive industry is a powerful resource. Among the services available are aging). It also has teams specializing in core competencies With Specialty Sheet, Voreppe has helped to develop Constellium’s design and modeling assistance, metallurgical prototyping, alloys. In close cooperation with customers, (metallurgy, surfaces & corrosion, numerical modeling & range of Body In White solutions for automotive manufactur- materials characterization, mechanical testing, heat treatment its many breakthroughs over the years applications, and the casting & recycling process) and support ers, focusing in particular on the formable aluminium needed and joining technologies. Together, they enable CRV Services have improved safety and helped make (characterization, testing, prototyping and castshop). The by demanding, lightweight car designs. The objective has been to help customers design and produce cost-effective materials cars and planes lighter, industry leaner breadth of expertise at CRV can be gauged by looking at tech- to achieve a high formability – i.e., the ability of the metal to that are perfectly adapted to their needs. and the environment greener. nologies provided by these units. be formed without failure or defects – in stamping and, for outer panels, hem flanging at acceptable manufacturing rates AIRWARE™ and Friction Stir Welding for lighter aircraft without compromising surface appearance or strength. A four- For Global ATI, CRV expertise in Friction Stir Welding (FSW) year R&D project involving Voreppe and three external organ- has been a major asset. A solid-state joining process that izations has resulted in a series of improvements, and a new10 11
  8. 8. Exploring the future Innovation Cells Innovation Cells material technology, Innovation Cells also provides its services to third parties outside Constellium. Though the work carried out is largely confidential, projects have been successfully completed for Saint-Gobain in the construction industry, Logitech in consumer electronic devices and Philip Morris in non-tobacco markets. For 3A Composites (former Alcan Innovation Cells brings business Composites) Innovation Cells initiated a project to see if com- and technical experts together posites could be used to produce more durable bridges, and helped establish the first pilot projects. The result is a new under one roof to provide product line now commercialized by 3A Composites as Banova, a range of innovation services. a balsa-based bridge decking material that is 80% lighter than conventional offerings. As with all its projects, Innovation Cells is clearly focused on identifying the potential of a new product or process and then developing it into a successful business. In an increasingly complex, multi-material world, that focus is a highly valuable asset. Innovation Cells For all its complexity, innovation is rather like baking a cake: there are many different recipes for a successful outcome. At Constellium, our main focus is on the world-class R&D center The approach has helped numerous Constellium projects across its various divisions, with a flagship example being the develop- ment of Corevo, an aluminium foam. The manufacturing process a new look at Voreppe, supported by a network of partnerships with top universities and research facilities. However, we can also draw invented at EPFL’s Mechanical Metallurgy Laboratory for the foam is radically different and more economical than current FOAM FOR A SUSTAINABLE WORLD Corevo aluminium foam can at innovation on Innovation Cells, a special unit created in 2008 on the campus of our strategic research partner, the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL). Innovation Cells specializes alternatives. In terms of applications, it has real potential in a number of areas, and notably the automotive industry (see box for details). Constellium backed the idea and asked the experts support sustainable, ‘green’ technologies in a variety of different application areas. in creating new business from new products and applications at Innovation Cells to help. Their response, in the form of support Consisting of 70% air, the Innovation Cells is a unit of Constellium aluminium foam material that are complementary to Constellium’s core activities. for development, industrial scale-up, customer and application that takes the idea of Open Innovation scouting and business case definition has resulted in a highly is an excellent conductor to a different level. A combination From innovation to delivery sustainable product that will soon be ready for launch. of heat and cooling for either liquids or gases. In cars, for example, a cooling unit made from Corevo could of business and development experts, A cross-functional organization, Innovation Cells brings business replace the conventional radiator, reducing its size it provides materials and innovation and technical experts together under one roof to provide a range Identifying the right market and weight, and boosting its efficiency. More of innovation services to Constellium and third parties alike. A different kind of service has been provided for Constellium’s importantly, it would give engineers an opportunity consulting services to Constellium to re-design the cooling system entirely – potentially These include materials engineering, new product development Specialty Sheet business unit in Singen, Germany. Innovation and industry at large. integrating it with the crash management system and and innovation management. Its task is not to carry out funda- Cells was able to sharply reduce the time to market for a new achieving even greater weight reduction. Electric cars mental research, but to find ways of refining, developing, high-strength aluminium alloy that the business unit had will meanwhile have an increasingly important role to prototyping and successfully delivering customer ideas that developed, but for which they had yet to select the best-suited play in sustainable motoring as battery performance have already been proved at lab scale. The overriding aim of the target of its many application areas. Innovation Cells helped to continues to increase, delivering ever-greater vehicle organization is to take ideas, materialize products and then identify a launch application and customer, and also provided power and range. However, with more power comes more heat. Corevo casings for the batteries in electric deliver revenues. Equally importantly, customers can be advised estimates of the potential size of the market, leading to a new cars could provide effective cooling, and re-route heat when to terminate a line of development, should there be a lack product and new business for Specialty Sheet. to other areas of the car. of market potential. With expertise that includes both aluminium and composite12 13
  9. 9. Exploring the future Interview with Professor Francesco Stellacci How could this be taken further? Constellium partners F.S.: In the car industry you could think of a material that is very with about 40 universities hard when interacting with small mechanical stresses – so a and international research pebble would bounce off the hood without leaving a scratch – but in a crash, it would bend in on itself and absorb all the energy, laboratories. protecting the occupants. These are all instances where you want multiple functions from the same material and I think in the future we’ll be able to engineer these functions. Why are interfaces important for the aeronautics Just how far could this go? and automotive sectors? F.S.: In a span of 20 to 50 years, I think metals and other F.S.: Because these industries are becoming multi-material materials will be able to self-heal, at least small cracks. It won’t Partnerships Along with Constellium’s world-leading R&D resources, our strategy for innovation also includes partnerships with about 40 European universities and international research environments; they’re about putting different materials together to get the best out of them. The problem is that we use relatively simple methodologies to do that: by bolting or soldering. But if of course be a single component matter, it will be an integrated system of multiple materials being together. the science of laboratories. Our research center at Voreppe, France, for example, works closely with the Suisse Technology Partners we really controlled the interface of these two materials we could achieve properties that are far beyond a simple sum of the two How? Metal has no innate intelligence telling it how to self-heal. working together laboratory in Neuhausen in Switzerland and the ViaMéca mechanical engineering research cluster in France. A key partnership for advanced technology in lightweight materials materials’ properties. We could make aluminium very tough or very soft, just by controlling the interface with other materials. F.S.: When a bone breaks, it’s not your brain that tells your bone to re-heal. There are stimuli within the material that push toward the bone having a continuous structure. There is research now has been established with the Swiss Federal Institute of How could that be exploited? in composite materials that if capsules within a composite are Constellium has established links with Technology in Lausanne, where the world renowned expert in F.S.: Think of an airplane wing. It needs some flexibility so it can broken, they release chemicals to re-form the material itself. leading universities and research centers nanomaterials, Francesco Stellacci, was appointed Constellium bend with the air, according to the mechanical stresses over You could one day have metals that release chemicals and as part of its global approach to innovation. Professor in 2010. Here, Professor Stellacci looks at the future the wing, but has to be particularly hard, so that it doesn’t crack re-form if their continuity is broken, or chemicals in the surface Professor Francesco Stellacci, a world possibilities for aluminium and other materials. if it hits something. Now, if it had two materials that co-existed paint to do that. Remember, there’s a lot more complex expert on nanomaterials, discusses where with a great interface – so that some parts were extremely hard self-healing in nature. If a lizard loses its tail, the entire tail those links might lead us in the future. What areas does your work cover? and others very good at bending – that would be very exciting. grows back. That’s not in sight for materials now, but maybe Francesco Stellacci: My work focuses on the interfaces of in 200 years it will be. different materials and how we can take advantage of those How else could this be applied to industry? to create new opportunities. What’s important to understand F.S.: I believe future materials will be able to perform more is that at the nano scale, materials show different properties functions than they do now. So in aerospace, but also the auto- than normal, and novel phenomena happen. For example, if we motive industry, we could have materials that change color as I believe future materials impose a nanometric structure on the surface of a material, they start to degrade, enabling a visual inspection. Food cans such as aluminium, we can give it special interfacial properties; could be made to start corroding if the food inside had gone will be able to perform more like making it superhydrophobic, so that it strongly repels water. bad and you’d know just by touching the can. functions than they do now.14 15
  10. 10. Materializingideas18 Aluminium, the strengths of a 21st century material20 Global ATI, shaping the sky24 SSH, leading the way in key markets28 EAS, promising trends32 Recycling, aluminium’s ace card 17
  11. 11. Materializing ideas Aluminium intrinsic values THE LIFE CYCLE OF ALUMINIUM Aluminium provides a twist on the traditional life cycle in that, once born, it never dies. Endlessly recyclable, it exists in a continuous loop of formation and transformation. Bauxite ore, A chemical process Alumina is smelted the raw material turns bauxite into into aluminium for aluminium, is mined. alumina powder. by electrolysis. Casthouse Recycling returns Each of these The resulting Metal is alloyed Aluminium Accounting for just over 8% of the earth’s crust weight, aluminium is the most abundant metal on the planet and the third most common element after oxygen and silicon. And it to the production process. products has its own usable lifetime. materials are manufactured into products. and processed by casting, rolling or extrusion. the strengths since industrial production started slightly more than 100 years ago, aluminium has become increasingly important in our lives: of a 21st century we cannot fly, travel by high-speed train, high-performance car or fast ferry without it. We cannot get heat or light into our homes and offices without it. Our society depends on it A first choice for packaging applications Can and foil are the best known aluminium end-uses in the packaging sector. Aluminium provides an absolute barrier 75 % of all the aluminium ever material to preserve food, medicine and provide electronic components for our computers. protecting goods. It contributes to the efficient production, storage, distribution, retailing, and usage of many products made is still in productive use. such as drinks, food and medicines. Worldwide demand for aluminium Fit for purpose in transportation applications products is on the rise. Partly a result of Aluminium has about one-third the density of steel, is corro- A large variety of other applications demographic growth and higher purchasing sion-resistant and its strength can be adapted to requirements The building and construction sector extensively uses alu- by modifying the composition of the alloy. This has made minium for its high strength-to-weight ratio, its long service power in emerging countries, the increase aluminium the material of choice in many transportation life with low maintenance requirements, its high reflectivity also reflects the fact that aluminium applications: planes, trucks, high-speed trains (in particular and its huge design flexibility with a wide choice of surface is replacing other materials, thanks double-decker cars) and also freight cars for coal, marine ves- finishes: solar panels, facade sheets, window frames, shading to its unique combination of properties. sels, passenger cars, bicycles, etc. Use of aluminium reduces devices, etc., are only examples of building applications. 100% 2.7g/cu. cm Being lightweight, strong, formable, fuel consumption and CO2 emissions, and/or larger payloads Thanks to its excellent thermal conductivity, aluminium has AND INFINITELY THE DENSITY and longer distances. In addition, aluminium is an excellent now replaced copper in automotive heat exchangers and is used RECYCLABLE OF ALUMINIUM resistant to corrosion and endlessly shock-absorber which is increasingly used in crash-manage- in molds. recyclable are just some of those ment systems (bumpers) for improving safety in cars. With a specific bright finish, aluminium can be used as a properties. reflector for lighting applications.18 19
  12. 12. 13 +3 Leader in the sky Al ready worldwide #1 co. worldwide #1 worldwide in aerospace in general plates engineering plates20 21