Grammar Book


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Grammar Book

  1. 1. GRAMMAR BOOK by: Carlos Swing
  2. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Nationalities 2. Stem changing Verbs 3. Para 4. Indirect Object Pronouns 5. Pronoun Placment 6. Gustar 7. Affirmative words and Negative Words 8. Superlatives 9. Reflexives10. affirmative tu commands + irregulars + pronoun placement 11. negative tu command + irregulars + pronoun placement 12. sequencing events
  4. 4. E to IE E to I Piensa Pide Piensan Piden Pe Pe Pides Piensas idi nsa r r Peidimos Pensamos Pido PiensoSTEM CHANGERS and Vosotros forms are in the Nosotros change when they The verbs do not U to UE O to UE Cuenta Juega Cuentan Juegan Co Ju nta Cuentas ga Juegas r r Contamos Jugamos Cuento Juego
  5. 5. PARA• Para means "for" or "in order to".• It is used to state the purpose or reason of something.EXAMPLE!!!!• necessito tomar un examem para la classe de español
  6. 6. INDIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNSSingular PluralMe nos(me) (we)te os(You)
  7. 7. OBJECT PRONOUN PLACMENT• Goes before the infinitive (conjugated verb).• connects with an affirmative command.• Goes before the conjugated verb.• with the progressive tense of a verb.
  8. 8. GUSTAR• Gustar is used to talk about things that people like.• IOPS go with the verb gustar• change gustar between the singular and plural forms when necessary.• I like - Me gusta• You like- Te gusta• You(formal), He, She likes- Le gusta• We like - Nos gustan• You all like - Os gustan• You all(formal), They like - Les gustan
  9. 9. AFFIRMATIVE WORDS AND NEGATIVE WORDSAffirmative words Negative wordsAlgo - somthing Nada - nothingAlguien - someone Nadie - no oneAlgun / Alguno - same Ningun / Ninguno -none, not anySiempre - always Nunca - neverTambien - also Tampoco -neither, eitherThese words are used to talk about a negative situation.
  10. 10. SUPERLATIVES• Superlatives express extremes with an adjective. You drop the ending vowel and add the ending -isimo. depending on the contest of the situation you may have to adjust the new ending for gender and plural forms.-Isimo -Isima -Isimos -Isimas• when the ending of the word is a C, G, or Z, then you change the endings as followedC - Qu G - Gu Z-C
  11. 11. REFLEXIVES• These verbs are used to describe what happens to themselves.• Reflexive pronouns are used with reflexive verbs, this helps indicate that that the subject of the sentence receives the action of the verb.• many verbs can be used with or without Reflexive Verbs but keep in mind that the person that is doing the action is not receiving the action. Me lavo Nos lavamos Lavarse Te lavas Oslaváis to watch oneself Se lava Selavan
  12. 12. AFFIRMATIVE TU COMMANDS + IRREGULARS + PRONOUN PLACEMENT• These give instructions or commands by using the affirmative tú commands of the regular verbs.• these verbs are formed by dropping the "s". another way to think about this is by thinking of it as being in the ud. form even though it is still a tú command.• the pronoun attaches to the command.• irregular affirmative Tú commands include:Decir Hacer Ir Poner Salir Ser Tener VenirDi Haz Ve Pon Sal Sé Ten Ven
  13. 13. NEGATIVE TU COMMAND + IRREGULARS + PRONOUN PLACEMENT• These commands are used to tell people what not to do.• to form an Negative Tú command you take the Yo form of the verb. change the Vowel, and add an "s".• The object pronouns precede the verbs in negative commands.• irregular forms of these verbs include:Tener Venir Dar/Decir Ir Ser Hacer Estar SaberSengas Vengas De/Digas Voyas Seas Hagas Estés Sepas
  14. 14. SEQUENCING EVENTSPrimero FirstEntonces ThenLuego/Después Then/ AfterPor Fin FinallyAntes de/Después de Before/ AfterPor la Mañana/ tarde/ noche In the morning/ afternoon/ night