Geocaching . . . . Making Curriculum Connections Conni Mulligan NC DEN email@example.com http://conni-workshops.wikispaces.com/ DENSI2012
Background GPS (Global Positioning System) “Space-based radio navigation systemconsisting of 24 satellites orbiting the Earth that transmit a signal to users, allowing them todetermine their precise location on the surface of the Earth.” –USAF, Lt. Col. Roger Hunter
Background GPS in the Classroom• The Global Positioning System (GPS): A Technology of Extensive Use. Discovery Channel School (2001). Retrieved May 25, 2009, from Discovery Education: http://streaming.discoveryeducation.com/• GPS: Global Positioning System. Discovery Channel School (2002). Retrieved May 25, 2009, from Discovery Education: http://streaming.discoveryeducation.com/
Background Site-Based Receivers Auto Aircraft Marine Handheldhttp://www.gulf-coast-avionics.com www.consumersmarine.com http://office.microsoft.com/
Background -Site-Based Receivers in the Classroom• Many Uses of Satellites. Discovery Channel School (2003). Retrieved May 25, 2009, from Discovery Education: http://streaming.discoveryeducation.com/
Background• Geocaching – an outdoor scavenger/treasure hunting game where you use GPS technology to pinpoint the location of an item(s) – Traditional Cache – Multi-Cache – Mystery/Puzzle Cache – Letterbox – Virtual http://www.geocaching.com/about/cache_types.aspx
Background Geocaching in the ClassroomGoogle Earth & GPS Classroom Activities, Visions Technology Intermediate U.S. History/Geography: Grades 5-8 Intermediate Science: Grades 5-8
Classroom Activities Introductory Activity for Teachers Using Big61. A form was created to record coordinates outside for the locations of 6 stations based on the Big6 Skills.
Classroom Activities Introductory Activity for Teachers Using Big62. A booklet template was created that would be used by groups.3. The template was used to input coordinates into the book – no two booklets were identical.
Classroom Activities Introductory Activity for Teachers Using Big64. Labels were created for each Big6 step.5. The labels were placed into film canisters – six of #1 in one film canister – six of #2 in one film canister and so on.
Classroom Activities Introductory Activity for Teachers Using Big66. Teachers used GPS devices to go to each location where they would find the film canisters.7. Teachers would place the stickers into the booklet according to the BIG 6 Step used in the scenario.
Directionally Challenged?Deciding who to followwas the tricky part!
Classroom Activities 10 Apples Up On Top! -Dr. Seuss, Theo LeSiegDr. Seuss’ Birthday Celebration Media/PE Integration •The teacher created stations based on the events from the book. •Teacher found coordinates outside for each station and created cards. •Students used GPS devices to go to preset stations where they performed the tasks.
Classroom Activities History Mysteries Using Primary Source Information Media/History•Teacher recorded coordinates outside for multiple stations.•Teacher created cards for groups of students.•Students used GPS devices to go to preset coordinates where they found picture cards or newspaper articles of some event in history.•Students gathered all of the items and then tried to discover what the items had in common. http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/index.html
Even More Classroom ActivitiesIntermediate Science: Grades 5-8•Human Body •Plate Tectonics•Cell Biology •Energy and Motion•Ecology •Chemistry•Geology, Landforms •Weather and Erosion and Earth StructureIntermediate U.S. History/Geography: Grades 5-8•Early Exploration•Road to Revolution•Forming a Constitution•A New Republic•National Growth (1800-1844)•Manifest Destiny & Spirit of Change (1810-1860)•A Nation Divided (1846-1856)•Reconstruction (1865-1877)
Online ResourcesGeocaching University – Let’s Go Geocaching! http://www.geocacher-u.com/
Geocaching University – Let’s Go Geocaching! http://www.geocacher-u.com/ – BINGO Cards – Placemats – Coloring & Activity Book – ID Cards
Online Educational Resources• Educaching - A GPS Based Curriculum for Teachers - http://educaching.com/• Geocacher University - http://www.geocacher-u.com/• Geocaching – The official Global GPS Cache Hunt Site - http://www.geocaching.com/• geocoder.us / geocoder.net - find the latitude & longitude of any US address - for free - http://geocoder.us/• GPS Adventures - http://gpsmaze.com/teachers.html• Juicy Geography - http://www.juicygeography.co.uk/gpsschool.htm