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Integrating biodiversity conservation, health and community development

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This presentation is about a development project in Uganda, "Integrated Biodiversity Conservation, Health and Community Development around Bwindi Impenetrable National Park" …

This presentation is about a development project in Uganda, "Integrated Biodiversity Conservation, Health and Community Development around Bwindi Impenetrable National Park"
Presentation by Gladys Kalema-Zikusoka, GDN Award for the Most Innovative Development Project
GDN 14th Annual Conference
Manila, Philippines
June 19-21, 2013


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  • 1. Integrated Biodiversity Conservation, Healthand Community Development around BwindiImpenetrable National Park, SW UgandaDr. Gladys Kalema-Zikusoka,Ashoka FellowFounder, Conservation Through Public HealthJapan MIDP Award Presentation19th June 2013
  • 2. Presentation Outline• Problem• Solution• Replication• Need for support
  • 3. Bwindi Impenetrable National Park
  • 4. Problem
  • 5. The Innovation• Ashoka Fellowship for leading socialentrepreneurs in 2007• Merging Uganda’s wildlife management andrural public health programs to createcommon resources for both people andanimals
  • 6. Conservation Through Public HealthMission• Promotes biodiversity conservation by enablingpeople, wildlife and livestock to coexist throughimproving their health and livelihoods in andaround Africa’s protected areasVision• People, wildlife and livestock living in balancehealth and harmony with local communitiesacting as stewards of their environment.
  • 7. The SolutionThree integratedprograms:• WildlifeConservation• Community Health• SustainableLivelihoods
  • 8. Wildlife Health
  • 9. Water Conservation/Hygiene andSanitation
  • 10. Village Health and Conservation Teams• Recognized Ministry ofHealth (MOH) structure• Monthly Data collectionfor MOH and UWA• Hygiene and sanitation• Family planning• Disease identification andreferrals(TB, scabies,HIV/AIDS, diarrhea)• Nutrition• Conservation education
  • 11. Achievements – Public Health• 12 fold increase in modern family planningnew users within four years• improved hygiene and sanitation indicators(increase in hand washing facilities, cleanwater storage and drinking containers)• 11 fold increase in TB suspect patientsidentified
  • 12. Achievements - Conservation• Improved conservation attitudes and practices- agriculture (soil and water conservation)- reduced poaching- greater protection for gorillas on communityland.• Reduced incidences of wildlife disease
  • 13. Sustainability• How to continue VHCTs- Village Health (andConservation) Teamsbeyond donor funding?• Supporting VHCTs withincome generatingprojects and VillageSaving and LoanAssociations (VSLAs)
  • 14. Innovation - Sustainability of VHCTsin Kanungu District, Bwindi• Bicycles (adopted byMOH)• Cupboards (forCBDEPO providers)• Livestock• VSLAs
  • 15. VHCT income generating projects
  • 16. Sustainability of VHCTs - VSLAs• Two Village Savings andLoans Associations in 2parishes• 25 members (15 VHCTsand 10 others)• $0.4 to $2 contributionper weekly sitting• 10% Interest rate over 3months lending period• Promote group cohesionand a unified localsupport system
  • 17. Sustainability of VHCTs - VSLAs• School fees, familyemergency; business• 100% paying back rate• No volunteer drop outsin 6 years• Welfare fund formeetings with CTPH• VSLAs successful becauseof no external fundingand common goal(VHCTs)
  • 18. A Sustainable and Scalable Model• VHCTs or VHTs or CBDs• Income generatingprojects(livestock, honey etc.)• VSLAs• Link to MOH, UWA• Lasting social andenvironmental impact
  • 19. VHCT model replicated, but achallenge for MOH to sustain• Kisoro District with highhuman and gorilla conflict• Queen Elizabeth NationalPark (savannah)• Virunga National Park(DRC)• Lake Victoria Basin (Kenyaand Uganda) with CTPHplaying an advocacy role.
  • 20. Locations planned for replicationaround protected areas• Similarities• high human populationdensities;• park encroachment;• human and wildlifeconflict• Limited access to socialservices• Poverty• Water scarcity• Differences• Ecosystems(savannah, freshwater,mountain)• History of protectedarea formation• Conservation threats• Culture• Diversity of ethnicgroups• Mount Elgon
  • 21. Replication in all districts by MOHSustaining VHTs – so far• Policy change - CBDEPO• BicyclesThe Future• Livestock or otherincome generatingprojects with VSLAs
  • 22. Budget to establish VHCT income generatingproject and VSLA in one locationItem Amount (USD)Personnel 9,384Travel 2,640Meetings and Trainings 8,400Supplies (livestock) 2,676Other costs 2,400Indirect Costs 4,500Total Project costs 30,000
  • 23. Conclusion• By integrating conservation, public health andmicrofinance, through supporting Village Healthand Conservation Teams with Village Saving andLoan Associations, we have developed asustainable and scalable model foruninterrupted provision of community basedsocial services, meeting the health and livelihoodsneeds of both people and animals.
  • 24. Thank you – Japan GDNwww.ctph.orggladys@ctph.org