Intro to music history
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Intro to music history

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    Intro to music history Intro to music history Presentation Transcript

    • Intro to Music History
    • 6 Periods of Music History
      • (Ancient) – Doesn’t really count
      • Medieval
      • Renaissance
      • Baroque
      • Classical
      • Romantic
      • Modern
    • Ancient Period
      • This term refers to the music of the Ancient civilizations (Greece, Rome, Babylon, Mesopotamia, et cetera.
      • Very little is known about the music of these civilizations, but it is certain that music played a part in their lives.
      • How can historians know anything about music from these cultures?
    • Medieval Period
      • 800 – 1300 C.E.
      • Music was very simple.
      • Gregorian Chant
      • Monophony vs. Polyphony
      • Beginnings of Notation – all handwritten
    • Medieval Notation
    • Renaissance
      • Renaissance Period – 1300-1600 C.E.
      • All music can be broken down into two main divisions Sacred and Secular
      • Sacred – having to do with religion
      • Secular – having nothing to do with religion
    • Renaissance
      • Each division had different types of music.
      • How did musicians make a living?
      • Famous Composers: William Byrd, Giovanni di Palestrina, Claudio Monteverdi, Josquin Desprez.
    • Baroque
      • Baroque Period -1600-1700 C.E.
      • Music Theory had advanced a lot since ancient times
      • Major Composers – J.S. Bach, Antonio Vivaldi, and G.F. Haendel
    • Bach’s own Handwriting
    • Baroque Notation Printing While the notation style is still not the same as today’s, the printing press made music much more readable than ever before.
    • Classical
      • Classical Period – 1700-1800 C.E.
      • Music Theory and instruments were mostly formed by now to our modern standards.
      • Major Composers – Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Joseph Haydn
    • Romantic
      • Romantic Period – 1800-1900 C.E.
      • Musicians making a living on their own now.
      • Major Composers – Ludwig von Beethoven, Franz Schubert, Peter Tchaikovsky, Johannes Brahms
    • Modern
      • Modern Period – 1900 C.E.– Present
      • Classical music led to the development of popular music. Jazz, Blues, Rock, Hip-Hop
      • In the 1900’s popular music became the dominant style of music.
    • Modern Classical Music
      • Classical music still exists in today’s music world
      • It is not as popular with younger generations as pop music is.
      • Modern classical is very different than the music it came from.
      • Three different ways that classical music still exists. Pop classical, Retrospective classical, and new classical.
    • Modern Classical
      • Classical Music in the 20 th century has many different styles.
      • Neo-classicism, atonality, serial music, electronic music, et cetera.
      • Important Composers: Copland, Stravinsky, Sch önberg.
    • References
      • Pictures
        • Chant Manuscript - www.adoremus.org
        • William Byrd – www.rhapsody.com
        • Giovanni Plestrina – www.naxos.com
        • Claudio Monteverdi – www.8notes.com
        • Josquin Desprez – www.answers.com
        • J.S. Bach - weekly.ahram.org.eg/2000/511/cu1.htm
        • G.F. H ändel – www.wikipedia.com
        • Bach Manuscript – www.jsbach.net
        • Sacred Music Magazine – Spring 2006
    • References
      • Pictures
        • W.A. Mozart – www.pianoparadise.com
        • F.J. Haydn - www.malaspina.org
        • L.V. Beethoven - www.cl.cam.ac.uk
        • J. Brahms - facstaff.uww.edu
        • F. Schubert – www.musicwithease.com
        • P.I. Tchaikovsky - www.geocities.com/gtchao/PeterTchaikovsky.jpeg
        • A. Copland - www.safka-bareis.com
        • I. Stravinsky – www.malaspina.org
        • A. Sch önberg - www.milkenarchive.org