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Salud entre la actividad física y el sedentarismo
 

Salud entre la actividad física y el sedentarismo

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Conferencia de Betty Méndez Pérez en el Congreso Internacional de Nutrición y Salud Dr. José María Bengoa. Realizado en Caracas el 26 y 27 de Octubre de 2013.

Conferencia de Betty Méndez Pérez en el Congreso Internacional de Nutrición y Salud Dr. José María Bengoa. Realizado en Caracas el 26 y 27 de Octubre de 2013.

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    Salud entre la actividad física y el sedentarismo Salud entre la actividad física y el sedentarismo Presentation Transcript

    • Congreso Internacional de Nutrición y Salud Dr. José María Bengoa Salud entre la actividad física y el sedentarismo Betty Méndez Pérez UCV Domingo, 27 de octubre, 2013
    • !"#$%&'()*'&#"&+,-./%"%& 01/,"&2&'#&!'%'()"*/134 26 y 27 de Octubre 2013 Dra. Betty M. Pérez
    • !"#$%&#'()$*&#(*%%(+(*#,$*+'-$* .(-(,/$)'$*0*&#(*,1*.(*(2()3'/(*456* ',3%#.1*.'*317(*8#(,$*317'-$*456* /(,-)9*-:$.*-1%1)1.1.*0*;#()<$.* -(.+$,(3'-$.5=! 5"/36(/%"1&57&88997! :$'()';&"#$%&'(!)*+!,-!.'$%/01(!)#2%'1+!!34!56'7%!8169*1:!.-!;%:$#2'<! 32=>#7:!?@#+&#*<*9:-!ABBC-!50&'(!,#(62=2$4!D%'&@'#9(4!EF-!GH3-!CIJ!@-! Dra. Betty M. Pérez
    • Enfermedades Crónicas vs. Actividad Física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ra. Betty M. Pérez
    • ^*/_6+616`! >?'1/%"%&2& +,-./%"%& :@1/,"& ?$=<*$!+6!>#+'! $6+6(7'1#*$! ?(7*1(*! ^*/6$*9V(#2*`! Dra. Betty M. Pérez
    • F'!16$@06$7'!'!6$7'$!@'7*<*9Y'$!(*!6$!$P<*!<*$! &6+#2'&6(7*$4!6$!#&@*17'(76!&*+#Q2'1!<*$! 6$=<*$!+6!>#+'-! 6$=<*$!+6!>#+'- Dra. Betty M. Pérez
    • "6761&#('(76$!@'1'!<'!16'<#U'2#P(!+6!'2=>#+'+!R$#2'! ?$@'2#*$! G1/'(*$! "#$@*(#/#<#+'+! <'/*1'<! a1'($@*176! ;'16X'! $6(=&6(7'<! ?+'+!b!8V(61*! :$'()';&D10U!)4!H'<'U'1!c4!D10U!3-!"6761&#('(76$!+6!<'!32=>#+'+!NY$#2'!6(! dVe#2*-!?$70+#*$!H*2#'<6$4!!!"#Cfg4!?(61*_c0(#*-!dVe#2*O!ABfh-!@@-!fiI_ABj-! Dra. Betty M. Pérez
    • A#&BCD&%'&#"1& E'*14("1&F>&*'"#/G"& #"&,"(-%"%&(','1"*/"& %'&",-./%"%&01/,"& :$'()';&T19'(#U'2#P(!d0(+#'<!+6!<'!H'<0+-!?$71'769#'!d0(+#'<!$*/16!)V9#&6(!3<#&6(7'1#*4! 32=>#+'+!NY$#2'!:!H'<0+-!H622#P(!E('2=>#+'+!NY$#2'-!31k20<*!"#9#7'<-!"#$@*(#/<6!6(O!%l@Obb mmm-m%*-#(7b+#67@%:$#2'<'2=>#7:bK'27$%667n#('2=>#7:b6$b#(+6e-%7&<-!! Dra. Betty M. Pérez
    • d67*+*<*9Y'! D06$=*('1#*$4!6(716>#$7'$!:!6(206$7'$-! d6+#2#P(!+#1627'4!*/X6=>'!:!Q$#*<P9#2'! o2*($0&*!&We#&*!+6!*eY96(*4!@106/'$!+6! 6$7'+*!R$#2*g! p'<*16$!d?a!o>'<*16$!+6!9'$7*!6(619V=2*gO! <#961'$4!&*+61'+'$!:!>#9*1*$'$! ;*+P&671*O!(*!6>'<q'!<'!#(76($#+'+!*! 1671'$*!+6<!6X612#2#*-! 326<61P&671*O!169#$71*!+6<!=6&@*!6! #(76($#+'+!*!1671'$*!+6!<'!6X6202#P(-! Dra. Betty M. Pérez
    • +,-./%"%&01/,"&1@H&E'*4&I,$=()"JH&I%'&K$L&-E4JH& I,4(&K$L&M*',$'(,/"J! M#r*$!:! I,4(&K$L&M*',$'(,/"J '+*<6$26(76$! Dra. Betty M. Pérez
    • M#r*$!:! '+*<6$26(76$! Mejoras en la condición cardiorespiratoria Desarrollo de la masa muscular (sobretodo en la preadolescencia y adolescencia) Incremento del contenido óseo. Dra. Betty M. Pérez
    • +%$#)41& 3DaEpE"3"!NsHED3! tD0W(7*u! N16206(2#'! dY(#&*!fZB!&#(! $6&'('<6$-! "#$71#/0#1!6<!=6&@*! '<!&6(*$!h!>626$!@*1! $6&'('-! E(76($#+'+! p'1Y'!+6!'2061+*!'!(#>6<! +6!#('2=>#+'+!06!@*$6'! <'!@61$*('-! Dra. Betty M. Pérez
    • a#@*$ '2=># !+6! +'+6$ ! ! (7*u D0W t Resistencia Fortalecimiento Equilibrio Estiramiento 30 min Ejercicio moderado E(76 3+0<7*$! &':*16$! ($#+ '+! Dra. Betty M. Pérez
    • 3196(=('! ?(206$7'!M'2#*('<!+6!N'27*16$!+6!)#6$9*! ABBZO!;16>'<6(2#'!+6!K'27*16$!+6!1#6$9*$! 2'1+#*>'$20<'16$!6(!3196(=('-!! NFON<+O>PA!& S'X'!'2=>#+'+!R$#2'! CI! D*($0&*!+6!7'/'2*! hh4C! ;16$#P(!'1761#'<! 6<6>'+'! hC4C! H*/16@6$*_*/6$#+'+! Cj4f! S'X*!2*($0&*!+6! K107'$!:!>61+01'$! hZ4h! "#'/676$! :$'()';! N611'(76! "4! p#19*<#(#! d-! ?(206$7'! M'2#*('<! +6! N'27*16$! +6! )#6$9*! ABBZO! ; 1 6 > ' < 6 ( 2 # '! + 6! K ' 2 7 * 1 6 $! + 6! 1 # 6 $ 9 * $! 2'1+#*>'$20<'16$! 6(! 3196(=('-! )6>#$7'! 3196(=('!+6!D'1+#*<*9Y'$%&ofg4!AB_Aj-!ABBJ-! D& ff4j! D*<6$761*<!6<6>'+*! AJ4i! D*($0&*!1#6$9*$*!+6! '<2*%*<! j4I! Dra. Betty M. Pérez
    • Primer país con mayor número de casos de sobrepeso dVe#2*! Segundo con altos niveles de obesidad (incluyendo niños y adolescentes) Prevalencia de actividad física en personas de 10 a 14 años. :$'()';&?MH3MGa-!oABfAg-! ?>#+6(2#'!@'1'!<'!@*<Y=2'! @q/<#2'!!6(!!$'<0+-!dVe#2*-! Dra. Betty M. Pérez
    • H#70'2#P(!+6!(06$71'! @*/<'2#P(!>6(6U*<'('! Dra. Betty M. Pérez
    • 81'+*!+6!H6+6(7'1#$&*!7*7'<!6(! <'!@*/<'2#P(!oJ!v!CB!'r*$g! 42,75% M#>6<!+6!$6+6(7'1#$&*!+6!<*$!$0X67*$!6>'<0'+*$! 2*(!*/6$#+'+!o@*/<'2#P(!7*7'<!+6!p6(6U06<'!+6! J!v!CB!'r*$-g! fi!v!CB!'r*$!b!CA4jC[! fZ!v!fJ!'r*$!b!Aj4jA! :$'()';!!H*/16@6$*!:!*/6$#+'+!6(!p6(6U06<'!o@16>'<6(2#'! :! K'27*16$! 2*(+#2#*('(76$g! D*<622#P(! <622#*(6$! #($=702#*('<6$-!!E($=707*!M'2#*('<!+6!M071#2#P(-!86(76!+6! d'YU-!ABfB-& fh!v!fC!'r*$!b!Ci4fZ[! Dra. Betty M. Pérez J!v!fA!'r*$!b!ZB[!
    • W+,-./%"%&01/,"&2&1$&*'E'*,$1/6(&'(& #"&,43E41/,/6(&,4*E4*"#&'(& "%4#'1,'()'1&.'('G4#"(417X&& Q"*/",/6(&%'&#41&/(%/,"%4*'1&"()*4E43L)*/,41& R."#4*'1&3'%/41S&'(&(/T41&1'UV(&#"&M*',$'(,/"& %'&",-./%"%&01/,"& IB! ZB-fJ! ZB-fC! ZB! Ch-ZI! CB! CC-JJ! CA-ih! CB-h! hj-Ai! CC-hJ! hJ-ji! hC-Ch! hA-jj! EdD! ! 8a! ! 8;! hB! AC-fI! AB! fi-IC! AB-BA! fj-jj! AB-IZ! fj-fC! fi-AJ! fB! B! M0(2'b'<90('$!>626$!! N16206(76&6(76!! d0:!K16206(76&6(76!! M0(2'b'<90('$!>626$!! N16206(76&6(76!! d0:!K16206(76&6(76!! Ver TV Practicar deporte, caminar o montar bicicleta Dra. Betty M. Pérez :$'()';& dV(+6U!S-!67! '<-!312%#>*$! >6(6U*<'(*$!+6! @061#20<701'!:! @6+#'71Y'-!ABfAw! JZ!oCg4!fBB_fBJ-!
    • W+,-./%"%&01/,"&2&1$&*'E'*,$1/6(&'(& #"&,43E41/,/6(&,4*E4*"#&'(& "%4#'1,'()'1&.'('G4#"(417X&& ZB! ZI-Cj! ZI-Aj! IB! CJ-Ih! CJ-Ij! ZC-ih! CI-jZ! Q"*/",/6(&%'&#41&/(%/,"%4*'1&"()*4E43L)*/,41& R."#4*'1&3'%/41S&'(&(/T"1&1'UV(&#"&M*',$'(,/"& %'&",-./%"%&01/,"& Zi-hj! Zf-fi! ZC-fI! Zf-f! Zf-JZ! hi-j! CB! hB! AB! fi-Zh! fj-AC! fj-IZ! AB-Bf! fi-if! fJ-ZI! EdD! ! 8a! ! 8;! fB! B! M0(2'b'<90('$! N16206(76&6(76!! d0:! M0(2'b'<90('$! N16206(76&6(76!! d0:! >626$!! K16206(76&6(76!! >626$!! K16206(76&6(76!! Ver TV Practicar deporte, caminar o montar bicicleta :$'()';&dV(+6U!S-!67!'<-!312%#>*$!>6(6U*<'(*$!+6!@061#20<701'!:!@6+#'71Y'-!ABfAw!JZ!oCg4!fBB_fBJ-! Dra. Betty M. Pérez
    • :$'()';&D%'2#(!3-!oABfhg-!32=>#+'+!NY$#2'! 6(!p6(6U06<'!t"6162%*!*!+6/61u!;'176!EE-! H*:!H'<0+'/<6-!31k20<*!+#9#7'<-!! tD*(*26$! 70$! +6162%*$u! F6:!T19W(#2'! +6!"6@*1764! 32=>#+'+!NY$#2'! :!?+02'2#P(! NY$#2'! F6:!T19W(#2'! +6<!a1'/'X*4! a1'/'X'+*16$!:! a1'/'X'+*1'$!! Dra. Betty M. Pérez
    • tD0W<6$!$*(! (06$71'$!*@2#*(6$u! 3>-!S*:'2WO!@#$7'!@'1'! 2*116+*16$4!2#2<#$7'$4! 2'&#('+*16$!:!$x'761$! Dra. Betty M. Pérez
    • tD0W<6$!$*(! (06$71'$!*@2#*(6$u! 8#&('$#*$!'<! '#16!<#/16! Dr. Betty M. Pérez
    • La niñez y adolescencia es la etapa ideal para establecer las acciones de tipo preventivo curativo. iv v ura v ur iv preventivo y curativo. Dra. Betty M. Pérez
    • M*!$6!71'7'!+6!+6@*176!2*&@6==>*4! #(7616$'!6$!'+*@7'1!2'&/#*$!6(!6<! 6$=<*!+6!>#+'!06!#(2<0:'(!@606r'$! #(#2#'=>'$!6(!6<!71W($#7*!%'2#'!107'$! 2'1+#*$'<0+'/<6$-! Betty Méndez de Pérez ?&'#<O!/#*'(71*@*<*9#'02>y9&'#<-2*&!