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Socionet CRIS approach to support open science activities


Palestra apresentada à CONFOA 2013 (Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil, de 06 a 08 de outubro de 2013) na Mesa III - A ciência aberta e a gestão de dados de pesquisa - pelo Prof. Dr. Sergey …

Palestra apresentada à CONFOA 2013 (Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil, de 06 a 08 de outubro de 2013) na Mesa III - A ciência aberta e a gestão de dados de pesquisa - pelo Prof. Dr. Sergey Parinov - RÚSSIA - Central Economics and Mathematics Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences.

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  • 2. INFORMATION ABOUT THE SPEAKER Sergey Parinov – • Deputy Director of CEMI RAS, PhD and Doctor of Sci. • Topics: CRIS-CERIF, Open Science e-infrastructure, research assessment information systems, new approaches to re-use research outputs, scientometrics, etc. Central Economics and Mathematics Institute (CEMI) of RAS, www.cemi-ras.ru • About 200 scientists, located in Moscow, research topics includes “science as a socioeconomic system”, “Open Science”, “research information systems”, etc. Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), www.ras.ru – • 450 research institute and about 30000 very active scientists covers all scientific disciplines
  • 4. CRISIS OF TRADITIONAL RESEARCH OUTPUTS DISTRIBUTION AND RE-USE In the Beall’ list of corrupt publishers and journals are (on 15.09.2013): •242 publishers •126 journals Source: http://scholarlyoa.com/2012/12/06/bealls-list-of-predatory-publishers-2013/
  • 8. OPEN SCIENCE: RUSSIAN VIEW Open Science is a more efficient model of research activity for individuals, organizations and the science system at national level based on three main pillars: • (1) open access - advanced approaches to shape and share research outputs with world-wide research community, • (2) open re-use - new tools for scientists to re-use available research outputs for producing new scientific knowledge, and • (3) open research assessment - publicly available research performance statistics updated daily in automated mode for individual scientists and research organizations
  • 9. TRADITIONAL SCIENCE SYSTEM Research funding Research evaluation Research assessment Circulation and re-use of research outputs to produce new outputs Scientists create research outputs
  • 10. OPEN SCIENCE SYSTEM Financing Internal organization’s motivation mechanisms for scientists Research evaluation N a t i o n a l Self evaluation by scientists and organizations Open Research Assessment: public scientometrics (data on motivations of re-use, etc.) C R I S Open Re-Use: research outputs circulation, scientists express scientific relationships between used research objects, notifications Open Access: scientists register in CRIS all research artifacts that can be re-used by other scientists
  • 11. TRADITIONAL VS. OPEN SCIENCE what scientists do Traditional Science Open Science create & deposit articles reusable artifacts re-use research outputs awareness about re-use by citing available articles, books, etc. few data about citations and its motivations making relationships and collecting data about tries and fails global cooperation weak a strong form immediate based on signals on by notifications whom/how the about re-use artifacts were and open re-used scientometrics
  • 12. TRADITIONAL SCIENCE Articles artifacts selection Journals. articles, citations, reference lists Scientists analyze artifacts and mentally make relationships between them reading articles Publishers Open Science IT innovations To register in a To express many To get immediate repository types of research notifications smaller pieces of relationships about using your research outputs between artifacts with (artifacts) and artifacts, ability to react on link them including it semantically with tries/fails data other artifacts and motivations to use them To collect automatically statistics, process it and update daily scientometric “portraits” of scientists, organizations
  • 14. CRIS-CERIF PLATFORM Current Research Information System (CRIS) – a model to build a complex and interoperable research information system at national and organizational levels Common European Research Information Format (CERIF) – a research data model to design CRIS and interoperability services euroCRIS, www.eurocris.org – a professional association supporting CRIS-CERIF development  CEMI RAS is a member of euroCRIS
  • 15. CERIF Source: http://www.eurocris.org/Index.php?page=CERIFreleases&t=1
  • 16. SOCIONET.RU CRIS DRIVEN BY SCIENTIFIC COMMUNITY • Harvested from RePEc, IR, RIS, CRIS and Socionet Personal Zone • Harvested from RePEc, CitEc and Socionet Personal Zone Research objects ≈ 2m Monitoring, notification • Tracing all changes and sending notifications Semantic linkages ≈ 6m Statistics, indicators • Collecting stats data and building scientometrics
  • 17. INFORMATION OBJECTS AT SOCIONET Organization Total number of linkages (ingoing, outgoing), statistics, other properties of related objects Authors Aggregated number of linkages (ingoing, outgoing) Aggregated statistics (downloads, views) Research outputs citations / references downloads / views
  • 18. OPEN ACCESS BY SOCIONET Starting in 2000 Socionet provides for individual researchers and organizations many different tools: • To deposit single materials of all traditional types: personal-organizational profiles, papers, articles, chapters, books, etc. • To register new types of research outputs: citations, research artifacts (nano-publications) • To make semantic linkages between objects for expressing research relationships between them • To manage collections of materials, incl. in a form of institutional repositories (IR) • To provide all collected metadata for its harvesting by OAI-PMH protocol in CERIF format, and many other.
  • 20. OPEN RE-USE: A SOCIONET APPROACH Scientists use research outputs when they mentally manipulate with it to discover relationships and, if positive, thereby they re-use it to produce a new scientific knowledge Some of these relationships become visible in scientists’ articles (e.g. by citations). Most of them are directly not observable and may exist in a mental form only The Socionet provides tools to express explicitly research relationships that allow a collecting of statistics about scientists’ “tries and failures” and about their motivations to re-use research outputs
  • 21. OBVIOUS USE CASES: {PERSON, ORGANIZATION, OUTPUT, ETC.} "person"  "person“ ("manager", "supervisor", "mentor", etc.) Project Person Linkage: a position Output "person"  "organization“ ("employee", "head", "member", "director", etc.) OrgUnit "person"  "research output / project“ ("author", "editor", "reviewer", "translator", etc.) "organization"  "research output“ ("intellectual property rights claim", "publisher", "organizational author", etc.)
  • 22. USE CASES OF A NEW RESEARCH PRACTICE: {PERSON, OUTPUT, ETC.} Impact/usage ("contains assertion from", "uses data from", "uses method from", "corrects", "refutes") Author 1 Output 1 Linkage: Relationship 1 Author 2 Inference ("obtain background from", "updates", "used as evidence", "confirms", "qualifies") Output 2 Hierarchical and associative ("broader", "narrower", "related", "alternative to") Components of scientific composition ("duplicate", "revised", etc) Usage proposal (“can improve”, “can illustrate”, “can replace”, etc)
  • 23. CHALLENGES: A NEW RESEARCH PRACTICE When authors register their RO as ready for use research artifacts they have to • specify which RO they used as roots/basements, etc. for their outputs (backward links, e.g. citations) • specify materials/scientist where/by whom the output could be used/reviewed (forward links to possible users) Any researcher can express relationships (by semantic linkages) between any available RO Authors of linked materials receive a notification about created links, and • they can protest on or confirm with how the materials were used • they can use suggested artifacts and link it with their materials, or can review it, or can ignore it
  • 24. CHALLENGES: A NEW RESEARCH COMMUNICATION • receive immediate signals about which created RO, how and by whom were used • request on using or reviewing own RO by linking it with other RO or scientists’ profiles • protest against usage characteristics and/or provide comments on it, or do nothing • ban requests from some authors, or specify personal reviewing rate, or rewrite own artifacts by using/citing suggested artifacts A cooperation between researchers becomes stronger with better and faster coordination of individual activities
  • 25. OPEN RESEARCH ASSESSMENT: A SOCIONET APPROACH The Socionet system in everyday mode traces changes in research objects and linkages, collects statistics and produces scientometric data We provide an open access to basic research assessment data that improves the Science system mechanisms (competition, reputation, selection, cooperation, etc.) It opens better conditions for self evaluation among scientists and organizations Organizations can use it to improve internal motivations and stimulations for its researchers
  • 26. EXTENDED RESEARCH ASSESSMENT DATA Automatic daily gathering and updating of scientometric “portraits” of a scientist, a department and an organization Quantitative indicators • Numbers of created/used artifacts and relationships Qualitative indicators • Statistical distributions (how scientists, laboratory, organization used research artifacts and how the community used their research outputs)
  • 27. NEW TOPICS FOR RESEARCH ASSESSMENT Scientific inference metrics (obtain background from, updates, used as evidence, confirms, qualifies) Research usage metrics (contains assertion from, uses data from, uses method from, corrects, refutes) Hierarchical and associative metrics (broader, narrower, related, alternative to) Professional opinion metrics (responds negatively to, responds positively to, responds neutrally to) Researcher’s portrait by outgoing linkages Which RO a researcher used as a basement for own RO What RO a researcher used to produce own RO How a researcher impacts on science corpus What RO a researcher evaluated and how Researcher’s portrait by ingoing linkages Who/where/ how used researcher’s RO as a basement Who/where/ how used researcher’s RO to produce RO How researcher’s RO are assigned with science corpus What/whom researcher’s RO are evaluated and how Metrics Researcher
  • 28. CONCLUSION: OPEN SCIENCE FOR RESEARCHERS A research output gets a network form, researchers can work in incremental style A researcher works within strong professional cooperation network A public statistical portrait of a research output, a researcher, an organization becomes availabe • views/downloads data • ingoing/outgoing linkages • a distribution of qualitative characteristics assigned with linkages Researchers become more public figures
  • 29. CONCLUSION: OPEN SCIENCE BUSINESS MODEL Our model of the Open Science activity is based on: 1.open access to research outputs/artifacts, and we propose a way to overcome defects of commercial publishers and journals 2.open access to research outputs/artifacts usage data, and we provide a way how to make visual such data and collect it in a computer-readable form 3.open access to basic research assessment data, and we enforce the Science system mechanisms Three types of openness create Open Science as a new research practice based on new scientific communications
  • 30. RELEVANT AUTHOR’S ARTICLES Parinov S., Kogalovsky M. Semantic Linkages in Research Information Systems as a New Data Source for Scientometric Studies //Scientometrics. Springer Online First, 2013. DOI 10.1007/s11192-013-1108-3, http://socionet.ru/pub.xml?h=repec:rus:mqijxk:31&l=en Parinov S. Open Repository of Semantic Linkages. In: Proceedings of 11th International Conference on Current Research Information Systems e-Infrastructure for Research and Innovations (CRIS 2012), Prague, 2012. http://socionet.ru/pub.xml?h=repec:rus:mqijxk:29&l=en Parinov S. Towards a Semantic Segment of a Research e-Infrastructure: necessary information objects, tools and services. Metadata and Semantics Research, Communications in Computer and Information Science. J. M. Dodero, M. Palomo-Duarte, P. Karampiperis, Eds. Springer, vol. 343, 2012, pp. 133-145. http://socionet.ru/pub.xml?h= RePEc:rus:mqijxk:30&l=en Parinov S. The electronic library: using technology to measure and support Open Science. In: Proceedings of the World Library and Information Congress: 76th IFLA General Conference and Assembly, Gothenburg, Sweden, August 10-15, 2010. http://www.ifla.org/files/hq/papers/ifla76/155-parinov-en.pdf Parinov S. CRIS driven by research community: benefits and perspectives. In: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Current Research Information Systems. (2–5th June, pp. 119–130). Aalborg University, Denmark. 2010. http://socionet.ru/pub.xml?h=repec:rus:mqijxk:23&l=en