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Inventory your network and clients with PowerShell

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  • 1. Required Slide
  • 2. Inventory Your Network and Clientswith Windows PowerShell
    Don Jones
    Senior Partner and Technologist
    Concentrated Technology, LLC
    Required Slide
    SESSION CODE: WCL308
  • 3. This slide deck was used in one of our many conference presentations. We hope you enjoy it, and invite you to use it within your own organization however you like.
    For more information on our company, including information on private classes and upcoming conference appearances, please visit our Web site, www.ConcentratedTech.com.
    For links to newly-posted decks, follow us on Twitter:@concentrateddon or @concentratdgreg
    This work is copyright ©Concentrated Technology, LLC
  • 4. Introductions
    Me: Don Jones, Concentrated Technology
    Microsoft MVP Award recipient
    Contributing Editor, TechNet Magazine
    Author of 45+ IT books
    Blogger at http://ConcentratedTech.com
    You: A Busy Windows Administrator
    Needing to inventory management information from one or more remote computers, both server and client (but especially client)
  • 5. Agenda
    Windows PowerShell, Briefly
    Windows Management Instrumentation, Briefly
    Exploring WMI
    Playing with WMI on Your Local Computer
    Using WMI on Remote Computers
    Making a Flexible WMI Tool in Steps
  • 6. Windows PowerShell, Briefly
    This session’s code will work with v1 and v2 (up until “advanced functions” at the very end – that’s v2 only)
    V1: Ships with Win2008 and Vista, available for WinXP and Win2003
    V2: Ships with Win2008R2 and Win7, available for WinXP, Win2003, Vista, and Win2008
    Primarily a command-line shell; has scripting capabilities, but we won’t be diving into them (much) – we’ll be using scripts as “batch files” mainly
    Note: I make all scripts downloadable from my Web site, no need to take notes
  • 7. Security Notes
    Windows PowerShell disables script execution (but not commands) by default; see Help about_execution* for details
    Windows PowerShell is subject to User Account Control (UAC); for our purposes, ensure you explicitly run “as Administrator” for necessary remote privileges
  • 8. WMI, Briefly
    Present since Windows NT 4.0
    Does not require PowerShell on the remote computer
    Uses Remote Procedure Calls (RPCs) for communication; does not require PowerShell v2 / WinRM “remoting” on remote machines
    Organized into:
    Namespaces: Top-level, strictly organizational, usually product-related
    Classes: Represent potential manageable elements
    Instances: Real-world occurrences of classes
    Properties & Methods: Elements of an instance
    Properties contain management information
    Methods perform actions (such as reconfiguration)
  • 9. WMI Security
    Configured (by default) on the root namespace
    Typically, don’t mess with this – many things rely on WMI and can get angry if you fuss with the permissions
    Use WMI Control MMC snap-in to modify (or view – great way for seeing what namespaces are installed)
  • 10. WMI Security and Namespaces
    DEMO
  • 11. Differences from Machine to Machine
    WMI namespaces will vary based on the roles/products/technologies installed on a computer
    Individual classes will vary based on product or Windows version
    Classes’ properties and methods can vary from version to version, too
    Core Windows OS and hardware stuff is in rootCIMv2; most classes start with Win32_ or CIM_ prefix in the class name
    Best to get a “WMI Explorer” or “WMI Browser” that can be focused at a remote computer to see what that computer has
    You don’t need a class on your computer in order to query it from a remote computer (very handy)
  • 12. Documentation
    Easiest: Plug class name into favorite search engine
    First 1-2 results usually msdn.microsoft.com/…, which will be what you want
    Only rely on “core” classes being well-documented – everything else is pretty inconsistently documented
    Use search engines to find examples – even VBScript examples can usually provide some help
    Pipe retrieved WMI objects to Get-Member or to Format-List * in order to see what properties/methods they have, and what values the properties contain
  • 13. Exploring WMI
    DEMO
  • 14. Using PowerShell Locally
    Use Get-WmiObjectcmdlet
    Cannot specify alternate credentials for local connections (by design); make sure shell is running as Administrator
    Specify –class name to query; retrieves all instances and all properties by default
  • 15. Filtering Results
    Use –filter parameter to narrow down instances returned (large result sets can take a lot of time and resources)
    -filter "property <comparison> value”
    Numeric values are not delimited
    String/date values are delimited in single quotes
    Easiest to enclose the entire filter in double quotes
    Valid comparison operators:
    = > < <> <= =>
    LIKE (use % as a wildcard)
    These are different from PowerShell’s native operators!
  • 16. WMI in PowerShell, Locally
    DEMO
  • 17. Going Remote
    Use –computerName parameter to specify remote computer(s)
    -computername ”Client17”
    -computername (get-content names.txt)
    -computername “client17”,”client18”,”client19”
    Other parameters allow specification of alternate credential
    -credential CONTOSOAdministrator
    Graphically prompts for password – by design
    Use Get-Credentialto create a reusable credential object that contains a password
  • 18. Multiple Computers
    Remote connections are synchronous and sequential (not parallel)
    Use –AsJob to run in background
    Use remoting (Invoke-Command) for parallel processing (not in this session)
    Failure of one computer will not stop the command from continuing
    You can trap errors and log them; we’ll see how later
  • 19. WMI in PowerShell, Remotely
    DEMO
  • 20. The Steps
    Move command into a “batch file” for easier repetition
    Enclose command in a function for parameterization
    Add error handling / logging
    Upgrade function to a filtering function to accept pipeline input
    Enables scenarios like getting names from AD OR a text file
    Upgrade function to an advanced function (v2 only) for cmdlet-like behavior
    Package as a Script Module (v2 only) for easier distribution and re-use by others
    Add comment-based help so you can tell what the heck it’s doing
    (I’ll demo – you remind me of what step is next)
  • 21. Building a WMI Tool
    DEMO
    Remember! I’ll save all my scripts and make them downloadable fromwww.ConcentratedTech.com in a few days – no need to take notes!
  • 22. Conclusion
    WMI + PowerShell = Very Powerful, Very Convenient
    And a great way to learn PowerShell incrementally!
    Build reusable, cmdlet-like tools
    Now in the TechEd Bookstore:Windows PowerShell v2: TFM by Don Jones & Jeffery Hicks
    Download this session’s scripts & slides fromwww.ConcentratedTech.com
  • 23. Track Resources
    Required Slide
    Track PMs will supply the content for this slide, which will be inserted during the final scrub.
    Resource 1
    Resource 2
    Resource 3
    Resource 4
  • 24. Resources
    Required Slide
    Learning
    Sessions On-Demand & Community
    Microsoft Certification & Training Resources
    www.microsoft.com/teched
    www.microsoft.com/learning
    Resources for IT Professionals
    Resources for Developers
    http://microsoft.com/technet
    http://microsoft.com/msdn
  • 25. Related Content
    Required Slide
    Speakers, please list the Breakout Sessions, Interactive Sessions, Labs and Demo Stations that are related to your session.
    Breakout Sessions (session codes and titles)
    Interactive Sessions (session codes and titles)
    Hands-on Labs (session codes and titles)
    Product Demo Stations (demo station title and location)
  • 26. Required Slide
    Complete an evaluation on CommNet and enter to win!
  • 27. © 2010 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries.
    The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.
  • 28. This slide deck was used in one of our many conference presentations. We hope you enjoy it, and invite you to use it within your own organization however you like.
    For more information on our company, including information on private classes and upcoming conference appearances, please visit our Web site, www.ConcentratedTech.com.
    For links to newly-posted decks, follow us on Twitter:@concentrateddon or @concentratdgreg
    This work is copyright ©Concentrated Technology, LLC

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