Complete Streets: Costs Questions Guides Powerpoint 2

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  • In implementing Complete Streets, Charlotte has found that project costs vary greatly by adjoining land use, terrain, and the need to purchase right-of-way. For example, the city runs a program to improve rural, farm-to-market roads to serve new development, which can include installation of curbs and gutters, stormwater drainage, roundabouts, turn lanes, medians, bicycle lanes, sidewalks, and other necessary infrastructure. Such projects can cost as little as $6 million per mile or double that. New arterials can cost the city $5 million per mile or up to twice that amount. The costs that can be attributed to Complete Streets features on these projects are relatively small, 4–8 percent of total project costs, but add high value and are simply part of the highly variable mix of project costs.
  • Complete Streets: Costs Questions Guides Powerpoint 2

    1. 1. 1 Complete Streets: Guide to Answering the Costs Question Companion Presentation, Part 2
    2. 2. 2 Complete Streets can be achieved within existing budgets.
    3. 3. 3 Use with: concerned or receptive transportation professionals, engaged officials Complete Streets can be achieved within existing budgets.
    4. 4. Simple, Low-Cost, High-Impact 4 Greater Greater Washington
    5. 5. Simple, Low-Cost, High-Impact 5 Greater Greater Washington
    6. 6. Low-Cost, High-Impact: New York City 6 In almost all improved areas, fatalities and pedestrian crashes decreased in by 9 - 60%. New York City traffic fatalities fell to an all- time record low.
    7. 7. Low-Cost, High-Impact: New York City 7 Built many low-cost facilities: • 35 pedestrian refuge islands • 55 new left turn lanes • 12 curb extensions • 8 median tip extensions • 4 pedestrian fences • 600 re-timed intersections Flickr.com user bicyclesonly
    8. 8. Low-Cost, High-Impact: New York City 8 New York City DOT In 2011, the city DOT spent $2 million dollars to fill additional potholes. That’s more than it spent out of its own budget over THREE years for its bicycle program.
    9. 9. Low-Cost, High-Impact: San Diego 9 $20,000 provides access to a low income neighborhood’s only park. $4,500 enhances safety and calms traffic at an intersection.Andy Hamilton Andy Hamilton
    10. 10. Low-Cost, High-Impact: San Diego 10
    11. 11. Lost-Cost, High-Impact: Redding, California 11 Recent reconstruction project: 6 curb extensions + 2 median islands = $40,000 Friendlier and safer street, only 13% of total budget Sergio Ruiz
    12. 12. 12 "When we talk about „Complete Streets,‟ we aren‟t necessarily talking about expensive widening projects or major redesigns of our roadways. These concepts can often be applied to existing streets by simply re-thinking how we approach traffic flow and how we accommodate all modes of transportation.” – Phil Broyles, Director of Public Works, Springfield, Missouri City of Milwaukee
    13. 13. Think Ahead, Think Smart 13 Complete streets can save money. • Narrower travel lanes require less land, less pavement • Provide more options = reduce need for widening some intersections • Do it right the first time, not when forced to later—at a higher price
    14. 14. Colorado Springs, Colorado 14 Maintenance and operations activities: Repave 3% of road network each year Convert 4 auto lanes to 2 bike lanes + 3 auto lanes City of Colorado Springs
    15. 15. Saving Money: Lee County, Florida 15 Re-examined 5 road- widening projects Found widenings unnecessary $58.5 million savings Andy Callahan
    16. 16. Saving Money: Richfield, Minnesota 16 • Needed to replace road after necessary sewer work • Priced at $6 million to replace road as is • Mn/DOT re-evaluated transportation needs and found no need for wide roadway • Reallocated road space for all users, saved $2 million
    17. 17. Saving Money: Charlotte, North Carolina 17 Changing roadway striping during restriping ≈ just 15% of total project. Safely narrowing width of travel lanes saves about 2% of project costs. Charlotte DOT
    18. 18. Saving Money: Washington State 18 500 miles of the state highway system are ‘main streets.’ Over ten years, 47% of projects on these streets had scope, schedule, or budget changes resulting in delay. Washington DOT
    19. 19. Saving Money: Washington State 19 Pilot project consulted community ahead of time. Complete Streets planning could have saved an average of $9 million per Main Street project – about 30% – in reduced scope, schedule, and budget changes over the last 10 years. http://www.wsdot.wa.gov/research/reports/fullreports/733.1.pdf Washington DOT
    20. 20. Saving Money: Brown County, Wisconsin 20 • Re-evaluated needs on four-lane road • Instead created three-lane street with two bike lanes • Replaced traffic signals with roundabouts • Savings: $347,515, 16.5% below the original project estimate.
    21. 21. 21 “Implementation of Complete Streets goals can actually keep costs at acceptable levels and save money, while adding more public benefits and return on investment.” – Scott Bradley, Director of Context Sensitive Solutions, Minnesota Department of Transportation Flickr.com userMamichan
    22. 22. 22 "The [Complete Streets] processes that we are going through now in project development should lead to fewer changes in construction by addressing the issues upfront. If you are properly going through the project development process, you should have lower costs, fewer change orders, and fewer delays because people are not coming out during the construction phase to demand changes.” – Thomas DiPaolo, assistant chief engineer for MassDOT
    23. 23. 23 “This [Complete Streets policy] puts the framework in place that allows the city to start with a project in the design phase and include these multi-modal recommendations. It will be at a much lower cost than tearing up something that‟s already in place.” – Michael Leaf, Transportation Commission, Highland Park, Illinois Flickr.com user Zol87
    24. 24. Incremental Changes, Big Impact 24 • Road diets • Combining projects to lower costs • Incremental approach: make it better each time you touch it • Simply thinking about small improvements
    25. 25. Variable Total Costs: North Carolina 25 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
    26. 26. Variable Total Costs: North Carolina 26 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Bike Lanes Sidewalks 12 -> 11’ Lanes Source: NCDOT
    27. 27. Variable Costs: Charlotte, North Carolina Costs vary: • Terrain • Adjoining land use • Scope Sidewalks, bike lanes, etc. are small %age of total cost 27
    28. 28. 28 “[Protected bike lanes] are dirt cheap to build compared to road projects.” – Gabe Klein, Commissioner, Chicago DOT Steven Vance
    29. 29. 29 “The advantage of inserting a dialogue about all users at the earliest stages of project development is that it provides the designers and engineers the best opportunity to create solutions at the best price.” - James Simpson, Commissioner, NJDOT
    30. 30. Smart Growth America is the only national organization dedicated to researching, advocating for and leading coalitions to bring smart growth practices to more communities nationwide. www.smartgrowthamerica.org 1707 L St. NW Suite 1050, Washington, DC 20036 | 202-207-3355
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