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INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS  A PRIMER By Vishwaranjan
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS  <ul><li>MEANING –  Grant of exclusive rights for a certain period over intangible assets cre...
COPYRIGHT <ul><li>Literary/Dramatic/Musical/Artistic Work </li></ul><ul><li>Computer Programs/Software are literary works ...
TRADE MARKS <ul><li>A distinctive, non – descriptive sign, identifies certain goods/services produced/provided by a specif...
PATENTS <ul><li>Invention of a new product or process involving an inventive step and capable of industrial application. <...
IPR PROTECTION MECHANISM IN INDIA <ul><li>SALIENT FEATURES </li></ul><ul><li>In conformity with International standards an...
GOVERNING STATUTES & TERM OF PROTECTION   <ul><ul><ul><li>Copyright Act, 1957 – Lifetime + 60 yrs., for Natural entity and...
COPYRIGHT AND ITS PROTECTION <ul><li>Protects copyright owners from piracy and infringement of  copyrights.  </li></ul><ul...
TRADE MARKS AND ITS PROTECTION <ul><li>Trade Marks Act, 1999 awards both civil and criminal remedies </li></ul><ul><li>For...
SNAPSHOT OF LEGAL PROVISIONS <ul><li>PROTECTION OF PATENTS </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Criminal liability : penalties availa...
Intellectual Property Rights : A Primer
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Intellectual Property Rights : A Primer

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Transcript of "Intellectual Property Rights : A Primer"

  1. 1. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS A PRIMER By Vishwaranjan
  2. 2. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS <ul><li>MEANING – Grant of exclusive rights for a certain period over intangible assets created through human skill, intelligence, labour and effort </li></ul><ul><li>CLASSIFICATION OF IPR – </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Copyright © </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trademark TM/SM/® </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Patent </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Geographical Indications </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Industrial Design </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trade Secrets </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. COPYRIGHT <ul><li>Literary/Dramatic/Musical/Artistic Work </li></ul><ul><li>Computer Programs/Software are literary works and covers – </li></ul><ul><li>Algorithms and Source Codes </li></ul><ul><li>Cinematograph Films including Sound Tracks </li></ul><ul><li>Recording on disc, tape, perforated roll or other device </li></ul><ul><li>Protection for the expression of an idea and not for the idea itself </li></ul><ul><li>Protection starts from the moment an original work is created </li></ul><ul><li>No formal registration is required for claiming protection </li></ul><ul><li>Fair Use provisions </li></ul>
  4. 4. TRADE MARKS <ul><li>A distinctive, non – descriptive sign, identifies certain goods/services produced/provided by a specific person or enterprise. </li></ul><ul><li>Trademark may be – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One or Combination of Words/Letters/Number </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drawings/Symbols/Three Dimensional Signs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Classification of Goods/Services offered </li></ul><ul><li>Well known Mark </li></ul><ul><li>Associated Trademarks </li></ul><ul><li>Service Marks </li></ul><ul><li>Certification Marks </li></ul>
  5. 5. PATENTS <ul><li>Invention of a new product or process involving an inventive step and capable of industrial application. </li></ul><ul><li>Essentials: </li></ul><ul><li>- Novelty </li></ul><ul><li>- Inventiveness (Non – Obviousness) </li></ul><ul><li>- Usefulness </li></ul><ul><li>Non – patentable inventions </li></ul>
  6. 6. IPR PROTECTION MECHANISM IN INDIA <ul><li>SALIENT FEATURES </li></ul><ul><li>In conformity with International standards and as amended from time to time, the Indian laws provide for both civil and criminal liability; </li></ul><ul><li>Protection available to both registered as well as unregistered IPRs through civil suits, temporary / permanent injunction, arrest, penalty, damages, compensation etc.; </li></ul><ul><li>Criminal remedy more effective than civil proceedings; </li></ul><ul><li>Signatory to International Convention & treaties, i. e. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Berne Convention, 1886 for protection of Literary and Artistic Works - copyright; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paris Convention, 1883 for protection of patents, trademarks, designs, etc; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT); </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TRIPS; WPPT 1996 etc. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. GOVERNING STATUTES & TERM OF PROTECTION <ul><ul><ul><li>Copyright Act, 1957 – Lifetime + 60 yrs., for Natural entity and 50 yrs. from publication for Artificial Entity; 25 years for broadcasting. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Patents Act, 1970 – 20 year, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trademarks Act, 1999 – 10 year, renewable; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Designs Act, 2000 - 10 year + 5 year extension; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act,1999 – 10 Years; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Protection of Plant Variety & farmer’s Right Act, 2000 – Maximum 18 years; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Semiconductor Integrated Circuits Layout Design Act, 2000, 10 year. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. COPYRIGHT AND ITS PROTECTION <ul><li>Protects copyright owners from piracy and infringement of copyrights. </li></ul><ul><li>Criminal Remedy - Minimum jail term of seven days which can be extended up to 3 years and fine ranging from Rs. 50,000/- to Rs. 2,oo,ooo/- </li></ul><ul><li>Provided under Section 55 of the Act, Civil Remedies include </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Injunction, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Damages or accounts of Profit, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Delivery up of infringing copies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Damages for conversion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Section 64 empowers Police to Seize infringed copyright material </li></ul>
  9. 9. TRADE MARKS AND ITS PROTECTION <ul><li>Trade Marks Act, 1999 awards both civil and criminal remedies </li></ul><ul><li>For registered Trade Mark, civil remedy include </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Suits for infringement under Section 134 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Injunction under Section 135 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>For unregistered Trade Mark, Action for Passing Off can be instituted. </li></ul><ul><li>The tort of Passing off reputation, deception and damage. </li></ul><ul><li>Similarly, suit for damages and for rendition of Accounts can also be instituted </li></ul>
  10. 10. SNAPSHOT OF LEGAL PROVISIONS <ul><li>PROTECTION OF PATENTS </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Criminal liability : penalties available under Section 118 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Contravention of Secrecy provisions relating to certain inventions in cases relating to infringement of Patents </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Failure to comply with Section 35, is punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to two years or with fine or both. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>PROTECTION OF DESIGNS : </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Civil Remedies against infringement of Copyright in a design area </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>an injunction, </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>damages or </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Compensation and delivery up of infringing articles. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No Provision for criminal proceedings against piracy of designs. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unregistered design can be protected under Copyrights Act. </li></ul></ul></ul>
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