Pom2001

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Pom2001

  1. 1. : . “Dekart” (www.dekart.com) “ ” Internet, . ! " !, # ! " $ % % & # . " ! . The Internet “sector", appurtenant to the electronic commerce is considered in the paper. The problems concerned with this human activity field are specified. Special attention is given to the legal aspects of e-commerce. # " & != >> Internet. ? @ A " Internet # # $ " ! , % , %, # @ $"! # ! " . B - % % - = % # A # & " # # @ . = % = != # & = ( % % $ =) Internet & $ ! .E Telcordia Technologies ,% % = A 100 , % # # A45%. " % Internet- # 14 . KL " ! 2,1 . != Web- . O #Internet, ! & , % ! " 350 . , ! % $ , % # ! # " ,@ Internet % # != & " 1 % A , % A A = . ? Internet, " ,“ ” A , != " , $ = " . Q , A Internet " ! " , % "= @ , "! ! , " #! $ # % A A . E A , = % # & Internet $ % [9]. ? !“PricewaterhouseCoopers” (http://www.pwcglobal.com/ru/) 24% , # " A% L !=, & $ ,% # A ! = Internet- #"! % ! # % ! . 74% # # " $ @@ , 71% - @ # & =, 71% - " & " 69% - = . [ L ! = A % = % $ % != = % "! (60%), % " (60%), # != A (59%) A # $ != " # - (57%).1 & $ Internet = # ! % . B ! $ A , % $ ! % @ “? Q : ” (] , 28-29 " 2000 A.).
  2. 2. B"_ ! A L $ # A ( % # % A A ,$ % A A = ), $ & / !, A ! % & , " , A # , # $ .? = # & A "_ ! e-commerce. ` & "! L A ! A, A # Internet A # A on-line & .a “ A !=” 2% & & ! % – A # ! & , ! A # ! “" = ”, !. Q A # A #$ & " % # , , % A , % $ A # , # $ " . B L Internet- A # $ & != Internet, A % " , % # L & != & % - & .E A , % # "– – A # ," % & #$ Internet !@ != . O ! ! “" - ”, “" -" ” # $ " % @ !(telephone-banking), % # Internet (Internet-banking). d ! [ ef #30 $ 2000 A. # ! A != & . & d[ ef, != " #" & @ , 73.8 % " A "_ & . e # " ! % & , A $ ! % ! % # " $ & $ , ! $ = % , & @ $ "= != != . A # , # $ ! " # , L #$ # & Internet. g # @ != =, ! != A , " – @ # = & - # , # = A % = , % A$ % ,# A # . e ! Internet " $ " L # =. h% !# - $ $ ! , ! % % A # @ . i , General Electric % # $ &" @ % #Internet # $ ! = . 10 $ 2000 A 12 =A = "! #" ! 5000 " & . " & " "A =, =, @ -# =, @ =, = =. E & ! !" & & " ! A !L. ? #! =@ " $100 ! . ` = " & A $" & $ www.gefn.com ( & A @ &"!). > % ,% % " "! # " #$ # ! !.2 2000 A., % L != , " " % % # & ! = A % != , " $ # " , # $ = A . " " ! $ B2B- .g # % ,% # % A Internet ! ! “% ! ”, = @ != # ! % .
  3. 3. e f = " ! #" % A != , $% $ = # ! # kodak, mosfilm3 A . K ,% , " " ! Internet- ,% # @ !, # $ @ = , % “ % ”. g $ # “` A ”, A“O -n ” A L " A .B$ % %# , # = L A www.kodak.ru $ A A $ @ ! # “Eastman KodakCompany”, ! A = # ( $% !% $ = , A = .) A "! @ ! L ! # , L @ " ( . . # % !A ! # %& ) [4]. # !L != " # " & = & , A, & , A = # $ .? % , " L " # != != # [7]. # – spam. “` % ! ” & ! A # , % # % ! = != ! $ % ! % , # $ “ % ! ” ! # . “e ” #$ # & ! "! (% ! , , # != A “ = ”), % "! # ! != & . B & L # Internet- A " ! = . BpO "! ! & !@ ! # , # $ ! " $ $ @ $@ , B BpO = L & L A % Internet, # != spam "! 4# . B ! , $ L A = , # % A != A % " & .E A , = $ = $ A # . ? & / % # "_ , # " # ! “" = ” ! A # !, ! % $ , & % , % $ = A != =. E & $, & ! A ! $ . a # Internet, L = A L % , 2000 A 34%. " $ # ! , A “eMarketer”, L Internet- . ? # " , A $ ! # B , $600% . [ L "! L =, # $ = - & # % != , # ! "! # != != . B ! A $ , % L #-#3 Q “] @ ” L $ % "! "! # , L “Eastman Kodak Company” A ! ! .4 B A % & , ! ! % ,% & $ $ " : “This message is being sent to you in compliance withthe Federal legislation for commercial e-mail (H.R.4176 - Section 101, Paragraph (e)(1)(a)) and Bill s.1618 TitleIII passed by the 105th US Congress”.
  4. 4. = A L = , & , " $ = @ $ " A . > "! " . Q # ! Internet = A # $ " , @ , A # #% !L B , A % L A " ( @ ) & L . # ! ! $ " A " A A , , " , " $ "=# $% A - & " $ [10]. ? "= # = # ! ( A # - = % A = ) " " . B % A !L # & A " A & $ :• i = % " ! E & ! % & "= " ( $ , # ) A " % ; "= " % " # " # [6]; w ! A $ @ ! , ! = , ? & " % $ ? $ [8].• A # ! " ! L & % & ! A , # $% ! @ % @ $ " # ; [ # , " $ @ – ? & - " @ $ ( & % A = ) = != A ? $ " # A A [8];• ? ! " !;• ? " ! A " ;• ] - % " ! [3, 8];• ? = A % " ! [8]. e " " ! ! . x$" , % " , & A # , ! "! A " $ " # "_ " , = , & A # # != % != " , # [9]. B & $ @ # A L A " # .i % # ! $ ! # , A $ " # != L , $ ! ! ! A " !& " . ? ! A ! , ! = , & " $ $ ! L = $ & A " .i 1996A ( $ @ 1998 A.) A # "_ != "! # " , % L # UNCITRALModel Law on Electronic Commerce [11]. 2000 A. w "
  5. 5. K [13].A & ! " $ = A " & @ . K A # " Internet " % !, Internet- A # @ , & # $ $ . w " , & . Internet A ! = , # !A ! A !, A A != & != & # % ! . $ 2000 A. & A # % B # " $ A . i % A " & ! = = L [ $ % A # , % & != &" " 130 .? " , % @ A !% & , $ “ % ” !: , A " A , ! "!% #$ & % & != & . ! ! & ! &" " “ !=” A. ? ! ! " ! " , = % , A " # - A # ( , " “? ” ef) $ ! L $ " ! . ! A $ ! (BpO, !, Q ), & A $ & " . i " # , $ ! L " !" – A , A $ - & & ! ( & , & , & ,% # ! "! # ). % % , # = # ( Internet ) Bn - " - % & -% , @ !, # " #! @ != L . , % = =Bn " $ L " 5A . n K e f # " - @ , A , #& , . K . "Internet f A ! # Ae 2001 - 2006 A ! % , % # A L = @ != = A Internet, A ! # A != . f A ! A A A & $ % $ A # & ! " # A # A , # A " = = A != , $% # # , & , . " & ! % ! # % , ! L =? A !, $ :5 “ A $ # ”, ! & ="! L A BBBe " @ != = A . , & “ A $ =” A = – # & #" & A = L " , ! # A # !L .
  6. 6. • f " #! ! A% & A # A # ,• e L A # - A " % A , " "! = % A != L A " % "! # = # != . 20 " 2000 A. ? e " ]# " != %Internet, # " != ! - K [ A L. ## A , # & # $% # A % =% # $ ! .K ,% A - , Internet A = != . & A # ,# ! ! " # ! % $ A . A " = % UNCITRAL Model Law onElectronic Commerce. " A $ . ,% # # " # % , " ! " .g "_ ,% = A # $ @ L & % A != . | " , # # A A , A " A % % @ != != " . " " = $ != # . " % " # % # = # % = A @ . ,CyberPlat @ # ! ASSIST. ? !? $ @ % , ! @ $ ? . % A ? $ @ $ % # A? . ? # # ( "= % # # ! !" $ = " =) % ? % ? , ! ? $.B " & A , # L . , " ! . B ! # , % A Internet- , & A "= , A = % , = . # Internet- " $ L & . K A % "! # " != " "= A " ! " . ? " &UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Commerce % , % # @ != = A , !% = , # "= - #A L , “ ! ”, “ ! ”, “ = ! ( A )”. e A L A # $ ! , % "! # # @ , @ , % A " & A . # UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Commerce – # “ !=” ( " & ) # != . , & "=# $ $ % $ @ .
  7. 7. E 2001 A. A & ! # !d @ K w [12]. ? @ $ % !, "! , # L % $ % = " . "= # , % !A & ! A ! " # (L }BpO 01.05.1995 A.) & " " ! # ! !. ? = A @ # % # A A A # - d @ ! != $% . B $ = @ $ # ! A # ,VeriSign, EnTrust, Microsoft, Thawte, RSA, ATT. g ! $ @ ! # A & , % ( ) . # $ $ % " # $ = != & L $ " # 6. B ! & ! ! ( & "! A ! & ) # " ! @ $%@ $ @ . K ! A # & ! L = % !, # $ = @ . E & !L A # @ % !(“ & ”) ! @ , " # , A # @ [5]. e f & % " # $@ @ ! @ ! @ ( # " ! ! @ ! # " " @ ") A $ @ ! != " != A != , # != # @ . ? ! # A " & !. ip 1999 A % " WISEKey (World InternationalSecure Electronic Key), # % # % ! % != @ $ " % " # A # A . - # = % ! A L " . E & $, % % # $ % & !# $ # .i n “ @ ” . B A $ n & fen $" & "! @ # @ , . . " % $ # L A A , # A "! # ! @ !% & . % % % &( ). a != # != , , % $ , ! n , “ " % ” “ @ ” L $ # $% $ . A A & @ & " % $ $ = @ :# $% , @ , @ @ # @ .E % $ , , % @ # ! @6 = @ "! "_ ,% $ 2000 A. " ! ! ! " # A w ! BpO, @" L .
  8. 8. " % $ " L , % "!% , nE fen @ % # " % # = A @ ! [1, 2]. E & $, % % ! # % ! A # !, $ # A “ ! ” ( ! " , . .) L ! A %" #!, & ! $ - = % L " . E A ,# A , # A # , = $ . * + , - . + / 0 . 12 3 /. 4 :1. ? A # # != # @ , ; =2. ? ! & ! # ! ! # != " & ! "! @ !;3. # $ # A L A , Internet " & # % ;4. ? A # @ , = "= % " $ , A @ , @ != = A , A , % "! ! ! " $ Internet. g & # #" & ! A ! = A ;5. E A , "= != & != A " & & A ;6. B # # & A A A # L , # $ = @ .5 ,1. OA . ? A A " , @ , : ! n // ] ! @ “? Q : ”, ] ,2 " 1999 A.2. OA . ` @ ( ) : - #// ] ! @ “? Q : ”, ] , 28-29 " 2000 A. B.33 – 36.3. O ., ? . g - A " # ?// i # ! % - % @ "? ! = A A >>I ", E L , 2000. B. 29 – 314. }. ? " !# ! # e // ] ! @ “? Q : ”, ] , 28-29 " 2000 A. B. 39 – 41.
  9. 9. 5. E ! O. Q @ != A @ % = # ! @ // Acta Academia, E L , 1999. B.135 – 1426. . B - = A ! & Q // E .15 " 1997 A. (http://www.dekart.com/publ/smintrn3/smintrn3.html)7. O. ? != // ] ! @ “? Q : ”, ] , 28-29 " 2000 A. B. 8- - 82.8. ? . ? & ! " % : " ! // i # ! ] & A # "] $ $ - # @ !". E L , 1999. B. 91 - 92.9. i @ K. ? Q : " " ! A A // ] ! @ “? Q : ”, ] , 28-29 " 2000 A. B. 117 – 119.10. a . ` $% A - & Q : $! % " !// ] ! @ “? Q : ”, ] , 28-29 " 2000 A. B. 126 – 128.11. UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Commerce12. Directive 1999/93/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 December on a Community framework for electronic signatures13. Directive 2000/31/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 8 June 2000 on certain legal aspects of information society services, in particular electronic commerce in the Internal Market ? A ] = % = , L % ! , E “Dekart”. O 25 " != " ( % A @ ). e 16 @ 1966 A. e-mail: petrova@dekart.com

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