1 | Infinera Copyright 2013
Intelligent Transport Network in
the Evolving Content Dominated
Marketplace
Dr Steve Grubb, In...
2 | © 2013 Infinera
The ServiceProviderLandscape Is Being Transformed
Radically
Content Video Data Center Cloud
New Traffi...
3 | © 2013 Infinera
The ServiceProviderLandscape Is Being Transformed
Radically
Networks Need Agility with Cost Control
Hi...
4 | © 2013 Infinera
The Dismantling of Decade Old Status Quo Networksis
Underway
Routing
(L3)
Transport
(L0-L1)
Routers ne...
5 | © 2013 Infinera
Converged OTN
Switching & WDM
Without compromise
Transport Innovation for the Next Decade
Vision An In...
6 | © 2013 Infinera
Enabling Scalability of the DWDM Layer to >100G
A Super-channel implements multiple carriers in a sing...
7 | © 2013 Infinera
Relative
Network
Economics
12.2%
bandwidth
efficiency
99.6%
bandwidth
efficiency
Value of OTN
Switch
V...
8 | © 2013 Infinera
Adding Automation and Intelligence
Bandwidth Virtualization
Instant
Bandwidth
Fast Shared Mesh
Protect...
9 | © 2013 Infinera
NetworkEmbedded Control and Functions move to
the Cloud
L4 – L7
Appliances
NFV
L2 – L3
White-box
L0 – ...
10 | © 2013 Infinera
Photonic Technology Innovation
Let’s look at Electronicsfirst (Moore’s Lawfor Silicon)
Transistors (0...
11 | © 2013 Infinera
0.001
0.01
0.1
1
10
100
1000
10000
1975 1985 1995 2005 2015 2025
DataCapacityPerChip(Gb/s)
Scaling of...
12 | © 2013 Infinera
Other Innovations for Scalable Photonics
Extended spectrum
C Band
4.2 THzExtended C Band – Capacity
i...
13 | © 2013 Infinera
Unifying Transport Networksacross Terrestrial& Subsea
Traditional Architecture
Terrestrial Provisioni...
14 | © 2013 Infinera
What does Infinera Do in a Content Driven Marketplace?
Switching
ASICs
Intelligent
Software
Photonic ...
15 | © 2013 Infinera
Thank You
www.infinera.com
16 | © 2013 Infinera
The Dismantling of Decade Old Status Quo Networksis
Underway
“I think IT as a service
and white label...
17 | © 2013 Infinera
IP/MPLS
OTN
SDH
SONET
DWDM
Status Quo in Networks No Longer Sustainable
RouteSwitchTransport
Service ...
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Infinera's Steve Grubb at CommsDay Summit 2014

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  • Content, Video, Data Center, Cloud driving higher traffic volumes and new patternsUsers are now consuming Super-HD movie streams via Netflix33 million members, streaming 1 billion titles per monthA third of peak traffic in US is NetflixSuperHD takes 40% more bandwidth than regularEnterprises are offloading mission-critical applications to the cloudAWS claims 70% lower TCO, 5x agility, global reach in minutesAWS customer base is 100s of 1000s in 90+ countries including blue chipsCommunication, Latency, Uptime vital for IaaSScale and Reliability essentialReferences,http://blog.netflix.com/2013/09/highest-quality-hd-now-available-to-all.html
  • Businesses have to face traditional & non-traditional competitorsGoogle Fiber plans to expand beyond few cities to several tens in the US, challenging established operatorsGoogle Fiber promises 100 times faster speeds than basic broadbandNew commercial agreements between content providers and bit-pipe operatorsTo remain competitive operators continue network build-out, incurring higher costsTelecom CapEx rising slightly ahead of earlier forecasts (tracking 6% globally in 2013)Telecom Revenue rising at 2.5% globally in 2013.....Infonetics SP Capex, Revenue Nov 2013Thus need to expand revenues with new and sticky services to offset costsInfrastructure needs to be nimble to allow agile operations, faster time to revenue, while reducing costs
  • Network Infrastructure largely unchanged for a decadeTwo layers: Routing, TransportHuge margins in Routing Layer prompting pressure to break End-to-End Closed Systems Tight control at Routing Layer also slowing innovationFinally reflecting in Routing segment growth, for the first time Infonetics lowered previous CAGR by halfNow Transport Layer becoming more capablePrevious functions at Layer 3 now being handled at Layer 0-1Reflecting in Transport segment growth, CAGR steady at over 10%Status Quo is being challenged and slowly being dismantled
  • Analysts agree that the transport industry is at the “optical reboot” stage as 100G is taking off faster than anticipated. During any such a critical juncture, providers look to build networks for the next decade and in today’s context that would transport them (pun intended) to the Terabit EraInfinera’smission is to build the world’s most innovative network solutions to help our customers win, and we do that by delivering on our founding vision of “an infinite pool of intelligent bandwidth.” The foundation for delivering on this vision was laid by the development of the large-scale Photonic Integrated Circuit or PIC technology. TThis was soon commercialized into production at volume and is an industry-first. The PIC allows massive WDM capacity in small footprint and it led to our first system – the DTN platform. We could integrate OTN switching with WDM in the DTN because the PIC allowed enough “room” in the system for power and cooling to have this key function without any performance compromise. The platform was a part of the now well-established Digital Optical Network architecture that we introduced in 2005 for the 10G to 100G Era. We found much success reaching number 1 in the market within 18 months of its introduction.We then expanded the architecture with converged multi-layer switching of Packet-aware OTN and ROADM in a single platform and using open software to automate, control and exploit these additional capabilities. Finally the architecture has been boosted with massive scale through super-channels, having demonstrated Terabit super-channels in the past year. Our FlexCoherent solution provides the optimal balance between bandwidth and long-haul reach, while the clean-slate design is future-proofed to support 1Tb per slot without any platform refresh. This framework laid the foundation for operators to build their networks for the next decade which is witnessing the move from 100G to 500G and Terabit.
  • Let’s first look at Scale,Super-channel definitionProvisions single unit of capacity in a single operational cyclePacking multiple carriers to deliver the single unit of capacity needs complex opticsNumber of optical functions and fiber connections neededPhotonic Integration of all this makes Super-channel possibleToday 500G super-channel is shipping (since 2012) – integrates over 600 optical functions in one small chip
  • Next, let’s look at integration of switching with transmission,In the first architecture with WDM Muxponder (or only Transmission with no switching), the network is inefficientWavelengths are not well utilizedSo we introduce switching to better pack traffic in those wavelengthsThis switch can be external – it improves bandwidth efficiency But now needs an extra chassis incurring penalties of inter-connects, power, space, coolingIntegrating the switch with transmission, we avoid these penalties dramatically improving overall network efficiency
  • Finally, we added automation to the Transport LayerWith GMPLS we convert individual wavelengths into a pool of resourcesToday our GMPLS is proven with deployed networks of over 22000 nodesBandwidth Virtualization allows upper layer services to view an abstracted physical infrastructureWe further automated bandwidth provisioning with Instant Bandwidth that slices 500G capacity into 100G chunksAnd we are moving dynamic network protection capabilities traditionally fulfilled by Layer 3 (MPLS FRR) into Transport with FastSMP
  • Here’s where Technology gets interesting,As the dismantling of status quo networks is underway, let’s look at what’s replacing itUp the stack Layer 4 through 7 functions are moving from closed appliances to an open virtualized model using NFVLayer 3 devices comprise of control plane and forwarding plane functionsThese functions are being disaggregatedControl is being offloaded to the Carrier SDN cloud while Forwarding could be met by white label boxes (recall Cisco CEO quote)Meanwhile the transport Layer Intelligence is absorbing capabilities from the upper layers The Transport Layer would be differentiated with photonic technology as photons need complex engineering and continue to provide scalability for nonstop bandwidth growthThe best technology in the photonic domain at the Transport layer will win in this new world of Carrier SDN
  • Direct proof of the pressure on the Routing Layer…When asked what Cisco’s biggest competitive threat is, Chambers mentioned that at or near the top of the list is service providers who just buy cheap “white box” routers and switches.Reference-http://blogs.barrons.com/techtraderdaily/2013/09/26/cisco-ceo-chambers-targeting-nokia-ericsson-big-time-white-box-the-big-threat/
  • Infinera's Steve Grubb at CommsDay Summit 2014

    1. 1. 1 | Infinera Copyright 2013 Intelligent Transport Network in the Evolving Content Dominated Marketplace Dr Steve Grubb, Infinera 9 April 2014
    2. 2. 2 | © 2013 Infinera The ServiceProviderLandscape Is Being Transformed Radically Content Video Data Center Cloud New Traffic Patterns, Nonstop Bandwidth Growth Mission-Critical Businesses Networks Need Scale and Reliability
    3. 3. 3 | © 2013 Infinera The ServiceProviderLandscape Is Being Transformed Radically Networks Need Agility with Cost Control Highly Competitive Environment New Revenue Opportunities to Offset Rising Costs Tectonic Shifts in Business Models
    4. 4. 4 | © 2013 Infinera The Dismantling of Decade Old Status Quo Networksis Underway Routing (L3) Transport (L0-L1) Routers need Transport systems to connect Transport Becomes More Capable with More Intelligence $14B 5 Year CAGR lowered from 7.2% to 3.5% $$ Shifting to Transport $12B 5 Year CAGR steady at 10.6% Source: Infonetics Optical, Router Forecasts 2013-2018. Feb 2014. Pressure to break Vertically Integrated System, Proprietary OS, Slow Innovation
    5. 5. 5 | © 2013 Infinera Converged OTN Switching & WDM Without compromise Transport Innovation for the Next Decade Vision An Infinite Pool of Intelligent Bandwidth 2007 2013 2020 100G → 500G → Terabit Intelligent Transport Network Industry 1st Photonic Integrated Circuit (PIC) Convergence Multi-layer Switching Packet-aware OTN, ROADM Scalability Super-channel Transmission Coherent, Ready for 1TbE Automation Open Software Control Programmability, Recovery 10G → 100G Digital Optical Network 2003
    6. 6. 6 | © 2013 Infinera Enabling Scalability of the DWDM Layer to >100G A Super-channel implements multiple carriers in a single line card Single operational cycle, Single unit of capacity 600 Optical Functions Integrated 250 Fiber Connectors Eliminated Power/Space Reduced Reliability Enhanced PIC makes it practical 500Gbps Line Card (1Tbps+ Future)
    7. 7. 7 | © 2013 Infinera Relative Network Economics 12.2% bandwidth efficiency 99.6% bandwidth efficiency Value of OTN Switch Value of Convergence Reference: US Collector Network Analysis, Infinera Converging Digital Switching and WDM No Digital Switching Muxponder Tax (Inefficient λ use) 1 x 10G 4 x 10G 3 x 10G 100G 100G 100G WDM only 3 λ with 23% avg. fill External Switching Switching Efficiency (Better λ use) Inter- connects Stand- alone Digital Switch WDM 100 8 x 10G 1 λ with 80% fill Integrated Switching Integration Efficiency (Convergence) 8 x 10G 100 WDM + OTN Digital Switch 1 λ with 80% fill
    8. 8. 8 | © 2013 Infinera Adding Automation and Intelligence Bandwidth Virtualization Instant Bandwidth Fast Shared Mesh Protection, FastSMP Individual Waves Pool of Resources GMPLS 22K+ nodes Simplifying Operations, Enhancing Agility
    9. 9. 9 | © 2013 Infinera NetworkEmbedded Control and Functions move to the Cloud L4 – L7 Appliances NFV L2 – L3 White-box L0 – L1 P-OTN Intelligent Transport Layer Carrier SDN Open Interfaces L3 Routers Control Forwarding Photonic technology innovation key to differentiation
    10. 10. 10 | © 2013 Infinera Photonic Technology Innovation Let’s look at Electronicsfirst (Moore’s Lawfor Silicon) Transistors (000) Clock Speed (MHz) Power (W) 10M 100K 1K 10 When Si ICs hit barriers, they migrated to Multi-channel, Super-cores
    11. 11. 11 | © 2013 Infinera 0.001 0.01 0.1 1 10 100 1000 10000 1975 1985 1995 2005 2015 2025 DataCapacityPerChip(Gb/s) Scaling of Photonic Chips (InP based) LED DML EML Tunable EML Large-Scale 100 Gb/s (OOK) 500 Gb/s (QPSK) Photonic Technology Innovation Mirrorsthe ElectronicDomain’s Moore’s Law 2014 Research Result: >2.25Tb/s InP PICs allow Super-channels for Bandwidth Scalability
    12. 12. 12 | © 2013 Infinera Other Innovations for Scalable Photonics Extended spectrum C Band 4.2 THzExtended C Band – Capacity increase Flexible Grid Support 30-40% spectrum used for guard bandsGridless– Increase in usable amplifier spectrum Flexible Coherent Modulation Enhancing capacity to Tens of Terabits per fiber 16QAMQPSKBPSK Multi-carrier Super-channels
    13. 13. 13 | © 2013 Infinera Unifying Transport Networksacross Terrestrial& Subsea Traditional Architecture Terrestrial Provisioning Subsea Provisioning Back-to-Back Muxponders Integrated Architecture Single Unified Network End-to-End Provisioning End-to-End Protection Consistent Services Common client interfaces Improved Efficiency Fewer physical interfaces Reduced power, space Faster Service Provisioning Less Opex, Faster Revenue
    14. 14. 14 | © 2013 Infinera What does Infinera Do in a Content Driven Marketplace? Switching ASICs Intelligent Software Photonic Integrated Circuits 500G Super-Channels Components Own Key Technologies & Processes Ground-Up Built Systems Intelligent Transport Network Scale, Converge, Automate DTN-XDTN DTN-X Multi-bay
    15. 15. 15 | © 2013 Infinera Thank You www.infinera.com
    16. 16. 16 | © 2013 Infinera The Dismantling of Decade Old Status Quo Networksis Underway “I think IT as a service and white label will be our biggest competitors three to five years out”John Chambers Cisco CEO September 2013 Source: Barron’s Interview with John Chambers, September 26 2013
    17. 17. 17 | © 2013 Infinera IP/MPLS OTN SDH SONET DWDM Status Quo in Networks No Longer Sustainable RouteSwitchTransport Service Provider Network Broadband Users Data Center Complex multi-layer ops ∑ (devices, connections, resources) ElectronsPhotons

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