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Enabling Telecoms Companies to Deliver Accelerated Universal Services
Enabling Telecoms Companies to Deliver Accelerated Universal Services
Enabling Telecoms Companies to Deliver Accelerated Universal Services
Enabling Telecoms Companies to Deliver Accelerated Universal Services
Enabling Telecoms Companies to Deliver Accelerated Universal Services
Enabling Telecoms Companies to Deliver Accelerated Universal Services
Enabling Telecoms Companies to Deliver Accelerated Universal Services
Enabling Telecoms Companies to Deliver Accelerated Universal Services
Enabling Telecoms Companies to Deliver Accelerated Universal Services
Enabling Telecoms Companies to Deliver Accelerated Universal Services
Enabling Telecoms Companies to Deliver Accelerated Universal Services
Enabling Telecoms Companies to Deliver Accelerated Universal Services
Enabling Telecoms Companies to Deliver Accelerated Universal Services
Enabling Telecoms Companies to Deliver Accelerated Universal Services
Enabling Telecoms Companies to Deliver Accelerated Universal Services
Enabling Telecoms Companies to Deliver Accelerated Universal Services
Enabling Telecoms Companies to Deliver Accelerated Universal Services
Enabling Telecoms Companies to Deliver Accelerated Universal Services
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Enabling Telecoms Companies to Deliver Accelerated Universal Services

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  • 1. ENABLING TELECOMS COMPANIES TO DELIVER ACCELERATED UNIVERSAL SERVICES TO RURAL COMMUNITIES 7TH ANNUAL CRC AFRICA FREETOWN, SIERRA LEONE JUNE 20-22, 2012 Presented by: Isaac Boateng ATU Consultant e-mail : sg@atu-uat.org; isaac.boateng@nca.org.gh Website: www.atu-uat.org
  • 2. PRESENTATION HIGHLIGHTS  A BRIEF ABOUT ATU  UNIVERSAL ACCESS FUND MODELS  EFFORTS AND CONTRIBUTIONS OF ATU  ROLES OF GOVERNMENTS, REGULATORS AND OPERATORS UA T U A T
  • 3.  Creation: PATU created in Addis Ababa in 1977  Specialised agency of the African Union  Cape Town, 1999 PATU changed to « ATU »  restructured to accommodate public and private participation  ATU boasts of following members  44 Member States  16 Associate Members  Headquarters : Nairobi (Kenya) UA T U A T WHO IS ATU
  • 4. VISION AND CORE ACTIVITIES  Vision  To make Africa an active participant in the Global Information Society  Mission  Promote the rapid development of ICT in Africa  universal access and service  Regional connectivity initiatives  Core Activities promote the development and adoption of appropriate African telecom policy and regulatory frameworks Spearhead the expansion of telecoms services on the continent Co-ordinate African position to global ICT decision-making conference  ensuring equitable share of globally resources  Bridge the global ICT divide. U A T U A T
  • 5. UNIVERSAL ACCESS FUNDING, FACILITATORS AND MANAGEMENT  ITU defined  Availability, accessibility and affordability of telephone, internet, broadband and broadcasting  Developing countries targets are related to telephony and internet  Funding  Traditionally by dominant operators through cross-subsidies  Current trends are establishment of universal service fund  Facilitators  ICT policy and law that encompasses the establishment of the fund.  National regulatory body that is independent and effective.  Clear institutional framework for the fund (Separate or as part of the regulatory body).  Pro-competitive licensing regime.  A sound infrastructure sharing and facility leasing framework.  Efficient and effective spectrum management regime. UA T U A T
  • 6. FUND MANAGEMENT MODELS  Countries manage universal access funds differently  Sector Ministries take responsibility of the fund  Columbia and Korea  Managed by a Division in regulatory bodies  Uganda, Sri Lanka and Malaysia  Establishment of a separate agency to manage  Ghana, South Africa and Peru U A T U A T
  • 7. USE CASES Uganda At least one public access telephone or payphone to a population less than 5,000 people Set up in 1996 and USF was established in 1997  Operators contribute 1% levy of gross annual revenue  By 2010, disbursed 85% of the US$3 million accrued to it The fund has enabled deployment of many projects  yet analysts believe there was not much investments in network expansion UA T U A T
  • 8.  South Africa  Universal Services and Access Agency (USAASA) established in 1996  Mandate is to promote universal service and access to ICT services for all South Africans  Complex institutional framework  Three government institutions manage the fund in terms of collection and disbursement.  ICASA is assigned the task of making the appropriate regulations setting out the USAF contribution and calculates the levies  National Revenue Fund (Treasury) collects fund.  Fund manager USAASA, only disburses and initiates project design U A T U A T
  • 9.  Ghana  The USF was created in 2004 out of a legal framework in the Electronic Communications Act 775.  Act established a Fund known as the Ghana Investment Fund for Electronic Communications (GIFEC)  Objects  To provide financial resources for the establishment of universal service and access for all communities  Facilitate the provision of basic telephony, internet service, multimedia service, broadband and broadcasting services to these communities  Funding  1% of net revenue payable by operators  Moneys that may accrue to fund from investment made by the Trustees of the Fund U A T U A T
  • 10. SNAP-SHOPS OF US PROJECTS IN GHANA  Disability Connectivity Project  Disability Employment Project offers employment to persons with disability 10  A common telecommunications facility  Involves siting of telecommunications masts/towers in selected communities for operators to co-locate and provide telecommunication services U A T U A T
  • 11.  An ICT laboratory  Educational institutions being provided with state of the art ICT centres and internet access  Rural Pay Phone Project  Designed to extend network coverage to rural and under-served areas 11 U A T U A T
  • 12. EFFORTS OF ATU  Aware of huge ICT disparities between urban and rural areas  Developed four year Strategic Plan 2010-2014  Towards seamless ICT connectivity in Africa  Implementation of universal service  Continues to open doors to Private sectors  Enroll as ATU Associate members  Gain access to the governments  Provides platform for Government and Operators to develop modalities to extend coverage to rural areas  Encourages MS and Operators to participate in global ICT development  Developed framework for universal service implementation  Collaborates with ITU in organizing Regulators Fora  Which addresses Universal service funds and its management  Advice governments and operators to prioritise Universal access  Organises training and capacity building programmes in the region U A T U A T
  • 13. WHAT HAVE WE OBSERVED?  Most developing economics have established UAFs and have agencies that manage.  Availability of bandwith capacity on the international leg  Countries have licenced under-sea cable operators  Kenya, Ghana, Nigeria etc…  Technology and services continue to evolve  Voice penetration has increased drastically thanks to mobile telephony  Same cannot be said for broadband  Current access infrastructure do not support high speed broadband services  Current licensing regime- single licence regime  Broadband prices continue to remain high  Solution lies on implementation of Universal Access Service  To deploy of high speed transport and access networks  But come with High cost of deployment  Yet no incentives to extend coverage  Policy and Regulatory interventions are needed U A T U A T
  • 14. POLICY MAKERS, REGULATORS AND OPERATORS  Policy Makers  Implement policies that encourage operators to extend coverage to rural and under-served areas  Incentives  Delibrate involvement of local content  Ensure full implementation of Universal Access Fund  Policies to encourage private sector involvement  Regulators  Provide regulatory incentives  Annual fees holiday  imports  Assign spectrum at less cost  Digital divident spectrum opportunity to extend coverage to rural areas  Licensing process that include universal access and service obligation  Regulations that allow easy market entry UA T U A T
  • 15.  Migrate to Unified Licence Regime  Allows operators to provide ICT services with any access technology of choice  Operators  Priotise universal access and services  Take advantage of universal access fund  adopt infrastructure sharing and co-location  Expand network infrastructure  Adhere to the roll-out coverage plan  Set realistic and cost oriented end-user prices U A T U A T
  • 16. LET’S BRIDGE THE ACCESS GAP U A T U A T Pls do visit: www.atu-uat.org
  • 17. U A T U A T
  • 18. REFERENCES  Brigitte Linzie. (2009, May 21). Experience in Universal Access Fund. Retrieved December 09, 2011, from itu-int: http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/afr/events/FTRA/2009/docs/FTRA%20- UniversalAccessFunds.pdf  Ghana ICT Sector Performance Review Researchictafrica.net2009/2010.Godfrempancy. www.researchictafrica.net/publications  Universal Access and Rural Communication Development Funds: Success factors World-wide and Practical Insight from Uganda; Intelecom Resaerch & Consultancy Ltd; Dymond & Oestman (2002).  SADC Toolkit on Universal Access Funding and Universal Service Fund Implementation (nd). www.itu.int/ITU-D/projects/  Tele-centers a way of achieving universal access-the case of Ghana; Falch M & Anyimadu A.(2003). http//portal.unessco.org/  Ghana Universal Service Fund: An Assessment of Fund Administration and Utilization, Henry Kanor, NCA, Ghana U A T U A T

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