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  • 1. Page |1 Virtualization in Software Testing Presented by:- Anil Jain
  • 2. Page |2 Abstract The explosive growth in the global software market demand with rapid advancement in computing technologies has shortened the software development life cycle and due to restrictive cost pressures, the focus has now shifted to optimizing/reducing software development lifecycle. The term “virtualization” has become ubiquitous, representing any type of process obfuscation where a process is somehow removed from its physical operating environment. Because of this ambiguity, virtualization can almost be applied to any and all parts of an IT infrastructure. Organization Need Software Testing has became a complex & challenging undertaking that requires support for a diverse set of computer and network environments, typically involving collaboration between geographically distributed teams and composite nature of application having a large number of development tools and components. Many of the projects do have questions in context of software testing which need to be addressed like 1. Running regression on application with continuous & quickly changing business demands. 2. How to create isolated “sand box” environments for Patch specific applications 3. Matching compatibility with clients running on different operating systems and connecting to applications via different technologies. 4. Searching for cost effective way of hardware equipments & its maintenance. 5. Testing of multiple Virtualization accelerates deployment of new capabilities without needing to acquire new hardware and configure components. It also reduces application testing requirements and compatibility issues and simplifies disaster recovery and compliance. Pragmatic Consideration In order to address challenges mentioned above, a solution was required which will allow the tester to: • easily configure the test environment and test the application; • establish unified test automation process across both physical and virtual machines; • provide test environments that can be versioned and recreated for troubleshooting or bug analysis Following techniques were considered: 1. Multiple Physical Devices 2. Partitioning of Devices (Multi OS Systems) 3. Ghost Software for cloning 4. Virtualization
  • 3. Page |3 Detailed analysis was performed for all the 4 techniques based on nature of application and the frequency of testing. Following are the limitations identified:
  • 4. Page |4 Multiple Physical devices Multiple CPU and Input Output Devices System Partitioning Partitioning for Multi OS installation Ghost for Cloning Disk cloning to get a Windows Explorer like program Virtualization Abstract of Computer Resources Multiple Physical Devices 1. Additional cost to procure more hardware resources 2. Additional involvement of Infrastructure team for setup of multiple devices 3. Additional human resources to work on these systems 4. Overall increase in testing time Partitioning of Devices (Multi OS Systems) 1. Partition cannot be done for low configuration machines 2. Although multiple OS can be installed but parallel execution is not possible 3. Combination of different OS, platforms, browsers is limited to number of partitions 4. Significant underutilization of CPU cycles Ghost Software for Cloning 1. Frequent Disk Cloning leads to hardware deterioration 2. Limited scalability Hence, virtualization is considered over the other 3 techniques as an optimal solution to overcome all the identified limitations/challenges of the various techniques. References