What's Your Learning Style


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  • What's Your Learning Style

    1. 1. What’s Your Learning Style? Paula Collins
    2. 2. Cognitive Style vs. Learning Style <ul><li>Cognitive Style – an individual’s preferences for ways of intellectually processing information </li></ul><ul><li>Learning Style – an individual’s preferences for ways of learning </li></ul>
    3. 3. Kolb’s Theory of Learning Style <ul><li>Kolb’s (1984) Model of Learning Style represents one of the best known approaches. </li></ul><ul><li>Cranton- Working with Adult Learners </li></ul>
    4. 4. Kolb’s 4 Stages of Learning <ul><li>Concrete experience </li></ul><ul><li>Reflective observation </li></ul><ul><li>Abstract conceptualization </li></ul><ul><li>Active experimentation </li></ul><ul><li>Stages form a learning cycle </li></ul><ul><li>(individuals usually prefer one stage more than the others). </li></ul>
    5. 5. Jarvis (1987) <ul><li>Learning Styles are susceptible to change and not necessarily a permanent trait </li></ul><ul><li>Experience may influence a learner’s behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Learning Style is a preference, not a personality characteristic </li></ul><ul><li>Jarvis (1987) </li></ul>
    6. 6. Visual-Spatial Learning Style <ul><li>Visual - of, relating to, or used in vision, attained or maintained by sight </li></ul><ul><li>Spatial - relating to, occupying, or having the character of space </li></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>Visual style - prefer using images, pictures, colors and maps to communicate and organize information </li></ul><ul><li>Spatial style – good sense of direction, good with maps </li></ul>
    8. 8. Characteristics of Visual-Spatial Learners <ul><li>Usually have difficulty with written language and do better with charts, demonstrations, videos, and other visual materials. </li></ul><ul><li>Easily visualize faces and places by using their imagination and seldom get lost in new surroundings. </li></ul>
    9. 9. I Think in Pictures, you Teach in Words The Gifted Visual Spatial Learner <ul><ul><ul><li>Dr. Linda Silverman, Pioneer of the Visual Spatial </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Learner Concept </li></ul></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Dr. Silverman identified two types of gifted visual spatial learners: <ul><ul><ul><li>1)Children identified as gifted who score extremely high on an IQ test because of their great ability both with tasks using visual spatial processing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>and those requiring </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>auditory sequential thinking processes . </li></ul></ul></ul>
    11. 11. <ul><ul><ul><li>2) Children who are brighter than their IQ scores, who have </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>great ability in visual spatial processing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>and </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>marked weaknesses in auditory sequential processing . </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>These children are often not identified as gifted and they struggle at school because their intelligence is not recognised and neither is their unique learning style . </li></ul></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Hereditary Link <ul><ul><ul><li>The visual spatial style appears to be hereditary. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Always at least one parent who shares this learning style with the child. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>However, it can also originate as compensation for auditory sequential processing difficulties associated with multiple ear nose and throat infections in early childhood </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(Silverman, 1998). </li></ul></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Summary <ul><li>Everyone learns and interprets information differently </li></ul><ul><li>Instruction should be diversified and appeal to multiple learning styles </li></ul><ul><li>Most individuals share some characteristics of multiple learning styles </li></ul>
    14. 14. <ul><li>In Howard Gardner’s words, </li></ul><ul><li>“ Do not pigeon-hole people… </li></ul><ul><li>we are all capable of </li></ul><ul><li>learning under any style or intelligence, no matter what our preference is”. </li></ul>
    15. 15. Bibliography <ul><li>Cranton, Patricia. (1992). Working with Adult Learners </li></ul><ul><li>Emerging Technologies. Learning Styles. February 5, 2005, from </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.emtech.net/learning_styles.html </li></ul><ul><li>Gardner, Howard. (1993). Frames of mind : The theory of multiple intellegences (10th anniversary edition). New York: Basic Books. </li></ul><ul><li>Learnativity.com. Learning Styles. from http://www.learnativity.com/learningstyles.html </li></ul><ul><li>NSW Assn for Gifted & Talented Children Inc. I Think in Pictures, You Teach in Words , Silverman, Linda. online article by Lesley Sword, Retrieved November 2, 2005, from http://www.nswagtc.org.au/ozgifted/conferences/SwordVisualSpatial.html </li></ul>