Lidkurping 06.07.11


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Social entrepreneurship, social enterprise and social capital

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  • Assist social capital has been around since 2004. Our aims are to promote the practical application of social capital. While the term has been around for over 100 years it did not really gain credibility until the latter half of last centaury, Bordieu – who talked about the advantages of class Coleman – the advantages of class in education Putnam – Bowling Alone
  • Norther Rock Run on Britain's fifth largest lender across the country No Smoking law The number of non-smokers admitted to hospital after heart attacks fell by 20 per cent in the ten months after the ban came into force in March 2006, compared with the same ten months in the year before (Times On-line September 11, 2007) fall in heart attacks has been averaging only about three per cent per year
  • These are our contact details. Please feel free to use them We now have time for any questions you may have Thanks for asking us along and we hope to hear from you.
  • Lidkurping 06.07.11

    1. 1. Support Infrastructure for Social Entrepreneurs Colin Campbell EuroMAB 2011 Lidköping 6 th July, 2011
    2. 2. Presentation <ul><ul><li>Senscot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Entrepreneurs & Social Enterprises </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scottish Context </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Journey </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. THE VISION <ul><li>Senscot believes that the justice in and cohesion of society can be enhanced by the promotion of social capital and that social enterprise offers a route for social entrepreneurs as a practical means of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>achieving widespread participation and connectedness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>devolving power to communities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sharing and spreading information, knowledge and contacts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>opening up of resources and (in the broadest sense of the word) wealth </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. What is a Social Entrepreneur? <ul><li>An entrepreneur has the imagination to identify new opportunities and the determination to bring them to fruition. </li></ul><ul><li>A social entrepreneur does so for public good rather than private profit. </li></ul><ul><li>(DTA) </li></ul>
    5. 5. What is Social Enterprise <ul><li>Deliver services where the public and private sectors often fail to reach (or aren’t interested) </li></ul><ul><li>Bring people and communities together for economic development and social gain </li></ul><ul><li>They are part of a ‘Third Sector’ that is growing in importance across the UK and wider </li></ul><ul><li>Combine good business practice with community benefit </li></ul>
    6. 6. What is Social Enterprise <ul><li>Business + Social / Environmental Purpose </li></ul><ul><li>+ </li></ul><ul><li>Asset Lock </li></ul><ul><li>(Revenue & Capital) </li></ul>
    7. 7. Legal Structures <ul><li>Charities </li></ul><ul><li>Companies Limited by Guarantee </li></ul><ul><li>Wholly-owned subsidiaries (trading arms) </li></ul><ul><li>IPS (CBS, Coops, HA, Credit Unions) </li></ul><ul><li>Community Interest Companies (C.I.C) </li></ul>
    8. 8. Main Sectors <ul><li>Health/Social Care </li></ul><ul><li>Sports/Leisure </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural </li></ul><ul><li>Community Food/Retail </li></ul><ul><li>Support/Advice </li></ul><ul><li>IT/Design </li></ul><ul><li>Recycling </li></ul><ul><li>Renewable Energies </li></ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul><ul><li>Housing/Finance </li></ul><ul><li>Miscellaneous - Cleaning </li></ul>
    9. 9. Penicuik Community Sports & Leisure Centre
    10. 10. Penicuik Community Sports & Leisure Centre <ul><li>Established in 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Company limited by guarantee with charitable status </li></ul><ul><li>2 employees and many and varied volunteers </li></ul><ul><li>Cost Midlothian Council £260,000 to run with a significant loss, now runs on £90,000 turnover, makes a small profit and achieved record levels of use </li></ul>
    11. 11. Aberdeen Foyer <ul><li>Company limited by guarantee with charitable status, with a range of trading subsidiaries delivering support to young adults at risk of losing their homes, turn over around £5 million. </li></ul><ul><li>Set up two high quality restaurants to bring in profit, bought a Driving School to generate profit and deliver subsidised training to their young people to provide them with better opportunities to gain employment. </li></ul>
    12. 12. Foyer Restaurant
    13. 13. Case Studies <ul><li>Large </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Small </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    14. 14. Successful Social Enterprise <ul><li>Independent of grants </li></ul><ul><li>Independent of ‘state’ </li></ul><ul><li>Enterprising, active, creative </li></ul><ul><li>In control of their own assets </li></ul><ul><li>Non-profit distributing (asset lock) </li></ul><ul><li>Well Connected </li></ul>
    15. 15. Scottish Context 11 Years Ago <ul><ul><li>New Govt at Westminster – 1997 – new approaches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishment of new Scottish Govt – 1999 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New confidence in Scotland, open to new approaches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Groundbreaking New Legislation (e.g. community land act, Free care for the elderly) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New Administration (2007) </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Challenges Encountered <ul><li>Lack of understanding of SE </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>SEs isolated and lacking support </li></ul><ul><li>No start up or investment funding </li></ul><ul><li>No political champion </li></ul>
    17. 17. The Journey <ul><li>Awareness Raising </li></ul><ul><li>Developing a Support Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Building Capacity to take Advantage of Opportunities </li></ul>
    18. 18. <ul><li>Scotland’s independent network for social entrepreneurs </li></ul><ul><li>• Weekly bulletin – connecting, informing, challenging and encouraging frontline innovators </li></ul><ul><li>• Developing the Sector - incubating new support services </li></ul><ul><li>• Social Enterprise Networks – connecting, supporting and providing business opportunities </li></ul>
    19. 19. Growing Understanding of Social Enterprise
    20. 20. Incubation of Support for the Sector <ul><li>Senscot - 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>Scotland Unltd - 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>DTA Scotland - 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Social Enterprise Networks - 2003 </li></ul>
    21. 21. Combating Isolation (Sub-communities, Organisations or Individuals)
    22. 22. Extending networks can extend well-being!
    23. 23. Social Capital as a Lens
    24. 24. SOCIAL CAPITAL Networks together with shared norms, values and understanding that facilitate co-operation within or among groups. (Office for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    25. 25. Trust and reciprocity Shared norms & values Networks
    26. 26. Trust and reciprocity Social Entrepreneurs Networks
    27. 27. Spot the Social Entrepreneur (Sub-communities, Organisations or Individuals)
    28. 28. Trust and reciprocity Social Enterprise Networks
    29. 29. Network Development - Combating Isolation <ul><li>Independent Social Enterprise Networks (SENs) facilitated (on demand, light touch) by Senscot on geographical and thematic basis. </li></ul><ul><li>The Outcomes are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>peer support group for social enterprises </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>resource sharing and market development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>focal point of issues specific to the social enterprise sector </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>voice for social enterprise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>opportunity to raise awareness of initiatives at a wider level </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Structure is: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>revolving venue for each meeting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>revolving Chair for each meeting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>open to active and emerging social enterprises </li></ul></ul>
    30. 30. Trust and reciprocity Social Enterprise Geographic / Thematic Networks
    31. 31. Social Enterprise Networks <ul><li>Regional: Aberdeen City Moray </li></ul><ul><li>Angus Perth </li></ul><ul><li> Argyll & Bute </li></ul><ul><li>Ayrshire </li></ul><ul><li>Borders </li></ul><ul><li>Clackmannanshire Dumfries & Galloway </li></ul><ul><li>Dundee </li></ul><ul><li>East Lothian Edinburgh </li></ul><ul><li>Fife </li></ul><ul><li>Glasgow </li></ul><ul><li>Thematic : Coalfields </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural - Round Table </li></ul><ul><li>Health - Round Table </li></ul><ul><li>Sports - Round Table </li></ul><ul><li>Youth </li></ul><ul><li>Community Food </li></ul><ul><li>Canals </li></ul>
    32. 32. Reciprocity <ul><li>Reciprocity – occurs when a person gives to someone else, expecting a fair and tangible return at some undefined future date . </li></ul><ul><li>This sense of future obligation makes possible the development of various kinds of continuing relationships, transactions, and exchanges that are beneficial to society. </li></ul><ul><li>Reciprocal interaction will often lead to relationships of trust. </li></ul>
    33. 33. TRUST
    35. 35. Senscot
    36. 37. Extending Opportunities to Connect Bonding
    37. 38. Extending Opportunities to Connect Bridging Bonding Bonding
    38. 39. Vital Stats <ul><li>7 SENS Totals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>68 social enterprises </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1,204 employees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1,758 volunteers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>£60.26 m turnover </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>£48.97 m trading ( 66%) </li></ul></ul>
    39. 41. Extending Opportunities to Connect Linking Bridging Bonding Bonding
    40. 42. Government Development of Sector <ul><li>An Enterprising Third Sector; 2008-2011 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scottish Investment Fund - £30 million </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Third Sector Enterprise Fund - £12 million </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Entrepreneurs Fund - £1 million </li></ul></ul>
    41. 43. Incubation of Support for the Sector <ul><li>Senscot - 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>Scotland Unltd - 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>DTA Scotland - 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Social Enterprise Networks - 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Social Enterprise Academy - 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>Firstport - 2008 </li></ul>
    42. 44. Services in Development <ul><li>Ready for Business - 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Senscot Legal Services - 2010 </li></ul>
    43. 45. Challenges ahead <ul><li>Many not very robust/current economic climate </li></ul><ul><li>Role/relationship with public sector and Govt </li></ul><ul><li>Role/relationship with private sector </li></ul><ul><li>Public awareness has grown but still low </li></ul>
    44. 47. Contact details <ul><li>Assist Social Capital </li></ul><ul><li>54 Manor Place </li></ul><ul><li>Edinburgh </li></ul><ul><li>EH3 7EH </li></ul><ul><li>T: 0131 220 4104 </li></ul><ul><li>E: </li></ul><ul><li>W: </li></ul>