UN AT A GLANCEhttp://www.un.org/en/aboutun/index.shtml1. When was the UN created and by how many member states? /1The United Nations was founded on October 24 1945 by 50 Governments2. What were the 3 main goals of the original members of the UN as a group? /3The three main goals of the United Nations were to: ● maintaining international peace and security, ● developing friendly relations among nations, ● And promoting social progress, better living standards and human rights.3. How many member nation-states does the present day UN have? /1The United Nations has a grand total of 192 Nation States.4. List 6 of the “wide range” of world issues that that modern UN works on with its member states./3 ● sustainable development, ● environment and refugees protection, ● disaster relief, ● counter terrorism, ● disarmament and ● non-proliferation5. Look in the bullet box on the right side of this page and list the 4 main goals of the modern UN. /2The four main goals of the Modern United Nations are: ● To Promote Peacekeeping! ● To develop friendly relations with multiple cool places! ● To help nations work together to improve the lives of poor people, to conquer hunger, disease and illiteracy, and to encourage respect for each other’s rights and freedoms ● To be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations to achieve these goals.
The Secretary General of the UNhttp://www.un.org/sg/priority.shtml6. What is his name and where is he from? Paste a picture of him below. /3The current Secretary General of the United Nations is Ban Ki-Moon and he is from South Korea.http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_9VGZjBQHr0s/RnZEPmjAKTI/AAAAAAAAAFM/vxWLLbXIS5E/s400/CARI_BanKimoon.gifhttp://jordanmag.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/08/Ban-Ki-moon.gif7. What are four of his resolutions as the General Secretary of the UN? /2Four of Ban Ki-Moon’s resolutions areLead By ExampleSeek excellence with HumilitySet the HIGHEST ethical StandardPursue Dialogue and Engagement8. What are the Secretary Generals 8 categories of priorities for action? /4The Secretary Generals 8 priorities are: Climate Change, Disarmament, combating the financial crisisand poverty, Global Health, Peace and Security, Women, Responsibility to Protect, Un Reform andAccountability.
Structure and Organization – an overviewhttp://www.un.org/en/aboutun/structure/index.shtml9. Looking at the blue underlined headings on this page, what are the 6 main structural parts of the UN? /3]The Main Structural parts of the United Nations are the General Assembly, Security Council, Economicand Social Council, Trustee Council, International Court of Justice, Secretariat, Specialized and OtherEntities. General Assembly http://www.un.org/en/ga/about/background.shtml10.Under the heading “forum for multilateral negotiation” explain in your own words the 2 main functions of the General Assembly. /2The General assembly is the corner stone for a fair and multicultural debate. And is the Centre for policymaking, as well as being the representative for the United Nations.11.Summarize the 8 main functions and powers of the General Assembly in your own words (look at the bullet points). /4Some of the Main functions of the General Assembly are: To suggest and consider new ideas to further the peacekeeping goal Discuss questions on relating to International Peace and Security. Discuss questions Concerning to the “Scope of the Charter” or any powers/functions of any part of the UN Initiate Studies and make recommendations to possible government cooperation’s, development of international laws, recognizing Human Rights/Fundamental Freedoms, and collaboration in the Economic, Social, Humanitarian, Cultural, Educational and Health fields of study. Suggest ideas to a peaceful settlement on situations which may impair relations between countries Receive/Consider reports from Security Council and other parts of the UN. Readjust the UN’s budget and assess financial assessments of Member states. Vote in Non –Permanent members of Security Council, And, by recommendation of Security Council, the Secretary General.
12.The Search for Consensus – Read the final 2 paragraphs on the General Assembly Page and explains their gist in your own words. /2The United Nations are based upon a Democracy style voting system, you need majority vote to pass abill, or in the case of the UN to determine the final outcome of a certain question, Major issues requireat least a 2/3rds vote so that it is more accepted by the people. The UN is trying to reach a point ofOverall Consensus on issues, so that when passed, they are more strongly supported by everyone.Security Councilhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Nations_Security_Council#Members13.Who are 5 permanent members and the current 10 non-permanent members of the Security Council? /5The Permanent members of the Security Council include the countries of China, France, Russia, TheUnited Kingdom, and the United States.The Non-permanent members of the Security council include, Bosnia/Herzegovina, Brazil, Gabon,Lebanon, Nigeria, Colombia, Germany, India, Portugal, and South Africa.14.How do the non-permanent members get a position on the Security Council and how long do their terms last? /2 The Members of the Non-Permanent seats of the Security Council are elected in by the General Assembly, but are first chosen by Regional groups. Each term for the Non-Permanent members of the S.C. lasts up to Two years and 5 new members are picked every year.Functions and Powers of the Security Councilhttp://www.un.org/Docs/sc/unsc_functions.html15.In your own words type out the meaning of the 10 functions and powers of the UN Security Council. / 5In my opinion the 10 functions and powers of the Security Council are to: maintain a state of peace throughout the world, to investigate a dispute which may lead to trouble ahead, To Recommend ideas to solve international disputes To establish a plan to regulate weapons The actions taken against a threat, or possible threat. Call upon members to apply “economic sanctions” to avoid the use of force Allow countries to take action (military) against a threat. Recommend new members to SC To exercise trustee functions in Strategic Areas. Recommend to the Gen Assembly a Secretary General, and, alongside the General Assembly, Elect Judges in the International Court of Justice.
Economic and Social Councilhttp://www.UN.org/en/ecosoc/about/index.shtml16. What is this council responsible for? (4 points) /2The Economic and Social Council are responsible for : Promoting higher standards of living, full employment, and economic/social progress. Identify solutions to international Economic Social and Health Problems. Encourage international cultural and educational cooperation. And to Encourage universal respect for the human rights and all fundamental freedoms.17.What 3 powers do the UN Economic and Social Council have, and what percentage of all UN human and financial resources can it draw upon? /4The Economic and Social Council has the power to initiate studies and make reports on the 4 mainresponsibilities posted above, the power to assist the preparations and organization of majorinternational conferences and to facilitate a coordinated follow up to conferences. The E&s Council candraw upon 70% of the Human and Financial resources of the entire UN system.International Court of Justicehttp://www.icj-cij.org/court/index.php?p1=1&PHPSESSID=d163efdf759ec64b3e338656dae4e14318.Where is it located? /1 The International Court of Justice is located at the Peace Palace in The Hague Netherlands.19.What are its main functions? /2 The Court’s function is to settle legal disputes (in accordance to International Law) submitted by Member-States of the UN, and to give opinions on legal questions authorized by the UN Organs and specialized agencies.20.How many judges does it have and how long do they serve for? /2 The Court has 15 judges elected by the General Assembly and the Security Council, and the judges serve for 9 years.Secretariat21.Who is the head of the Secretariat? What is the main function of the Secretariat? /2The head of the Secretariat is the Secretary General, Ban Ki-Moon. The Main function of the Secretariatis to carry out the day to day jobs of the United Nations.22.List 4 jobs that members of the Secretariat may perform as duties for the UN? /2Four different jobs that the Secretariat may perform for the UN include, Peacekeeping operations,Mediating International Disputes, Surveying economic and social issues, and preparing studies onHuman Rights.
23.How many staff did the Secretariat have around the world as of 2010? /1Statistics show that the Secretariat had around 44,000 Members around the globe in 2010.24.What is the gist of the oath that members of the Secretariat take? /1The Gist of the oath that the secretariats take is: to swear to never to seek or receive orders from ordersfrom Governments outside their authority.25.Where is the UN’s headquarters? Where are 7 other places in which the UN maintains a significant presence? /4 The United Nations headquarters Resides in Manhattan New York New York, USA. Sven other locations which the UN keeps a strong presence is Addis Ababa, Bangkok, Beirut, Geneva, Nairobi, Santiago, and Vienna.