Presentación Tecnología

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  • 1. BULDING MATERIALS
  • 2. By: José Castillo & Pablo Pérez 3ºA
  • 3. Index 1. Types of materials: Stony materials Binders materials The Concrete Ceramics materials Other materials 2. Building construction 3. Tools and machines
  • 4. 1. Types of materials Stony materials Binders materials The Concrete Ceramics materials Other materials
  • 5. Stony materials
  • 6. Stony materials COMPACTS ROCKS: They are stony blocks made up of chalk, marble, granite, slate... They recive the names of ashlar, paving stone and slab.
  • 7. Stony materials DISGREGATED ROCKS: They are fragment of rock of variant sizes. They are two types:
      • Clay Materials: fragmented rocks very tiny with great capability to absorb water.
      • 8. Arids: fragmets comig from other disgregated rocks. They can be :
      • 9. Thin or thik
  • 10. Concrete The Concrete : Concrete is a mixture of aggregate, binder and water. Tipes:
      • mass concrete
      • 11. cyclopean concrete
      • 12. aerated concrete
      • 13. reinforced concrete
  • 14. Ceramics materials Ceramics materials: Ceramic materials are a component made of clay, molded and baked in oven. Process: 1. Mix and mold 2. Baking Types: bricks, tiles, stoneware, porcelain
  • 15. other materials for the construction of buildings Wood Plastic Glass Aluminum Steel
  • 16. 2. Building construction The construction of a building is a long and complex process involving several stages, using a variety of materials and involves the work of a large group of professionals
  • 17. 1. Preparing the ground 2. Grounding 3. Elevation of the structure 4. Water Coverage 5. Placement of pavements 6. Rising walls 7. Placement facilities 8. Finishing works
  • 18. 3. Tools and machines In each phase of construction will need certain tools and machinery
  • 19. Tools & Machines
    • For the preparing of the ground excavators and loaders are needed.
    • 20. For the leveling bulldozers are used
    • 21. The materials are transported by large trucks.
    • In a construction the materials are elvated by cranes.
    • 22. In the manual work, shovels, peaks and pushcart are the main objecs used as well as palettes and shoulder for the bricklaying
  • 23. THE END