Hong Kong is situated on the southeast coast of China at the mouth of the Pearl River facing the South China Sea. Covering an area of 425 square miles. The terrain is from hilly to mountainous, with steep slopes and a natural harbor.
Hong Kong is made up of Hong Kong Island, the Kowloon Peninsula and the New Territories. At the core is Victoria Harbor, which separates Hong Kong Island from Kowloon and the New Territories which runs up to the boundary with Mainland China. The New Territories also incorporates 262 outlying islands, including Lantau where the airport is located. Despite its dense urban environment, about three quarters of Hong Kongs total area is countryside, including about 40% designated as country parks and special areas that are all easily accessible.
The climate of Hong Kong is a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate, just short of being a tropical wet-and-dry climate. In the winter, the weather is generally cool by local standards, with temperatures hovering between 15°C and 20°C. Spring brings warmer and more humid weather. There is a sharp increase in rainfall around April. Spring is the cloudiest time of the year, with March and April both averaging only around 100 hours of bright sunshine. Summer weather is hot, humid and unstable. Thunderstorms and brief showers are common, as well as sunny conditions. August has the highest average rainfall of any month. Temperatures usually exceed 30°C during the day, which, coupled with a high humidity, can result in an extreme heat index. Autumn is generally considered as the most pleasant season. Temperatures are still high (20-27°C) while humidity and rainfall are considerably lower. Moreover, autumn is the sunniest season in Hong Kong, with October and November both averaging close to 200 hours of bright sunshine.
The design of the flag carries cultural, political, and regional meanings. The color itself is significant; red is a festive color for the Chinese people, used to convey a sense of celebration and nationalism. Moreover, the red color is identical to that used in the national PRC flag, chosen to signify the link re-established between post-colonial Hong Kong and China. The position of red and white on the flag symbolizes the "one country two systems" political principle applied to the region. The stylized rendering of the Bauhinia blakeana flower, a flower discovered in Hong Kong, is meant to serve as a harmonizing symbol for this dichotomy.
Hong Kongs population has increased steadily over the past decade, reaching 7.097 million in 2010. Hong Kong is one of the most densely populated areas in the world, with an overall density of some 6,426 people per square kilometer. Cantonese, the official Chinese dialect in Hong Kong, is spoken by most of the population. English, also an official language, is widely understood and is spoken by more than one-third of the population. All children are required by law to be in full-time education between the ages of 6 and 15. Starting in 2008, the Hong Kong Government expanded the length of free education it offers from 9 to 12 years. Primary school begins normally at age 6 and lasts for 6 years. At about age 12, children progress to a 3-year course of junior secondary education; at age 15, they can choose to continue with 3-year senior secondary education or to join full-time vocational training. More than 90% of children complete upper secondary education or equivalent vocational education. In 2010, 301,200 students were enrolled in post-secondary education. Over 25.5% of the total population aged 15 and over have attended post- secondary educational institutions.
Hong Kong is a gourmets paradise. You can find cuisines around all the world here. The eating habit of Hong Kong people is mainly Chinese with much Western influence. You can see some locals have their meal in fast- food restaurants of "cha chaan teng" (literally "tea restaurant", a kind of Chinese style cafe) with a cup of milk tea or coffee whatever the dishes are Chinese or Western or mixed. Dim sum (literally "touch the heart") is another mouth-watering specialty in Hong Kong. For many Hong Kongers, yum cha (enjoying tea) is treated as a weekend family day. With this tradition, restaurants typically only serve dim sum until the afternoon. Nowadays, various dim sum items are sold as takeaway for students and office workers on the go. Dim sum is actually a kind of Chinese snacks comprised of shrimp dumpling, wo tip, siu maai, baked or steamed buns filled with different meats or vegetables, rice noodle rolls, chicken feet, steamed beef balls, Chinese spare rib, lotus leaf rice, rice congee, cheun gyun,, with many sweet dishes. Dim sum is often eaten with Chinese Puer tea.
Apart from the Chinese restaurants, there are lots of high quality pubs and restaurants serving Western, Japanese, Korean and Indian cuisines with excellent service in the downtown. The area South of Hollywood Road and nearby Lan Kwai Fong in Central are where many bars and Western style restaurants concentrated. If you are a seafood lover, the ever- famous Floating Restaurant in Aberdeen is a must-go place. There are also restaurants catering to vegetarians and people of different religious beliefs. Apart from the famous cha chaan teng, there are lots of goodies that you can find easily and cheap, such as big fast-food restaurant chains like Cafe de Coral and Fairwood, their logos can be seen throughout the city. The prices of the dishes there are ranging from 20 to 48 Hong Kong Dollars (about $US 2.6 to 6.2), mainly Chinese style cuisine with delicious steak dishes, sandwiches, Western snacks and regular spaghetti recipes are often served. The menu that hang on the wall besides the cashier is in English and Chinese. These fast-food restaurants have a takeaway service also, just ask the cashier "da bau" in Cantonese, which means "takeaway", and enjoy your dinner in your hotel room! The bakeries in Hong Kong are very good, the breads and cakes they made are of top quality.
The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the Peoples Republic of China, commonly the Hong Kong Government, is led by the Chief Executive as Head of the Government, who is also the head of the Hong Kong. The affairs of the Government are decided by secretaries, who are appointed by the Chief Executive and endorsed by the Central Peoples Government in Beijing. Under the "One Country, Two Systems" policy, Hong Kong has a high degree of autonomy. The Hong Kong Government, financially independent from the Government of the Peoples Republic of China, oversees the affairs of Hong Kong.
According to Article 13 of the Basic Law, Hong Kongs foreign relations and defense are the responsibility of China. However, Hong Kong is a customs territory and economic entity separate from the rest of China and is able to enter into international agreements on its own behalf in commercial and economic matters. Hong Kong, independently of China, participates as a full member of numerous international economic organizations including the World Trade Organization (WTO), the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation forum (APEC), and the Financial Action Task Force (FATF). It is an articulate and effective champion of free markets and the reduction of trade barriers.
Hong Kong is one of the worlds most open and dynamic economies. In 2010 Hong Kong’s real economic growth rate rose to 6.8%, recovering from the global financial turmoil. Inflation rose gradually to 2.4% in 2010 from 0.5% in 2009. The government introduced several rounds of measures to forestall the risk of a housing market bubble arising from the low interest rates and ample liquidity in the global financial system. Hong Kong’s economic strengths, including a sound banking system, virtually no public debt, a strong legal system, ample foreign exchange reserves, and an able and rigorously enforced anti-corruption regime, enable it to quickly respond to changing circumstances. The government promotes measures designed to improve its attractiveness as a commercial and trading center and is continually refining its financial architecture. The government is deepening its economic interaction with the Pearl River Delta in an effort to maintain Hong Kongs position as a gateway to China.
Hong Kong’s exports of goods and services rebounded strongly in 2010, by 17.3% and 15.0% respectively in real terms, fueled by quicker than expected recovery of the global economy and a massive Chinese fiscal and monetary stimulus program. The unemployment rate in 2010 dropped to 4.3%, the lowest since the fourth quarter of 2008. The Hong Kong Government predicts GDP growth will reach 4% to 5% in 2011. U.S. companies have a generally favorable view of Hong Kongs business environment, including its legal system and the free flow of information, low taxation, and infrastructure.
Religion in Hong Kong is part of the culture of Hong Kong. Religious freedom is one of the fundamental rights enjoyed by Hong Kong residents. It is protected by the Basic Law and relevant legislation. There is a large variety of religious groups in Hong Kong, approximately 43 percent of the population practices some form of religion. The region is home to approximately 700,000 Buddhists and Taoists, 480,000 Protestant Christians, 353,000 Roman Catholics, 250,000 Muslims, 40,000 Hindus, 8,000 Sikhs, 4,000 practicing Jews and 500 Jains.
Hong Kong began as a coastal island geographically located off the southern coast of China. While pockets of settlements had taken place in the region with archaeological findings dating back thousands of years, regular written records were not made until the engagement of Imperial China and the British Colony in the territory. Starting out as a fishing village, salt production site and trading ground, it later evolved into a military port of strategic importance and eventually an international financial centre that has the worlds 6th highest GDP (PPP) per capita, supporting 33% of the foreign capital flows into China.
After the Chinese were defeat in the First Opium War (1839-42), Hong Kong was ceded to Britain in 1842 under the Treaty of Nanking. Britain was granted a perpetual lease on the Kowloon Peninsula under the 1860 Convention of Beijing, which formally ended hostilities in the Second Opium War (1856-58). The United Kingdom, concerned that Hong Kong could not be defended unless surrounding areas also were under British control, executed a 99-year lease of the New Territories in 1898, significantly expanding the size of the Hong Kong colony. On July 1, 1997, China resumed the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong, ending more than 150 years of British colonial rule. Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region of the Peoples Republic of China with a high degree of autonomy in all matters except foreign and defense affairs. According to the Sino-British Joint Declaration (1984) and the Basic Law, Hong Kong will retain its political, economic, and judicial systems and unique way of life for 50 years after reversion and will continue to participate in international agreements and organizations under the name, "Hong Kong, China."
Hong Kong was the first Special Administrative Region of China ! The driver seat is on the right side instead of the left side so everything is opposite! So be careful when you have to make a turn. The signal light handle is on the right, not left, don’t really need to turn on the windshield wipers when making a turn. Schools were closed for months because of SARS in 2003! (Which means more holidays, yay!) Sunday is sometimes called Manila Day in Hong Kong! Because it is the day were maids get their day off and they hang out with their friends, you see them everywhere you go. By the way, the maids in Hong Kong are mostly women from Philippine, and Indonesia. Hong Kong consists of 235 small islands! Hong Kong means “Fragrant Harbour”!
The Peak Hong Kong DisneylandOcean Park Avenue of Stars
I choose this place because I have lived in Hong Kong since I was two years old. It is that place that has all my memories of growing up and it is a nice place to be at, not including the weather though, it is the worst part.