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Chapter 9 presentation
Chapter 9 presentation
Chapter 9 presentation
Chapter 9 presentation
Chapter 9 presentation
Chapter 9 presentation
Chapter 9 presentation
Chapter 9 presentation
Chapter 9 presentation
Chapter 9 presentation
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Chapter 9 presentation

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AP World History presentation on chapter 9 …

AP World History presentation on chapter 9
from the book: The Earth and Its Peoples

Published in: Education
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Transcript

  • 1. Chapter 9 Pgs: 239-248 By: Group 1
  • 2. Chapter Overview
    • Covers Medieval Period
      • Medieval-Literally “Middle Age”
    • Also shows shift of focus in Europe from the Mediterranean to Northern and Eastern Europe
      • Shift marked by the rise of the Carolingian Family to power
      • Most well known Carolingian ruler, Charlemagne, was the first to bear the title of emperor in over 300 years
  • 3. The Byzantine Empire
    • Emperors established Christianity as the official religion
    • Represented a continuation of Roman Imperial rule and tradition
  • 4. 1. An Empire Beleaguered
    • The Byzantine empire had a single-all powerful ruler who kept some resemblance of imperial law intact
    • However, it did not maintain much territory due to attacks by the Arabs, Slavs, and Turks
    • Christianity in the empire split from the Roman Catholic church over disputes between western princes and the Pope into what we now know as the Orthodox church-----Separation is called the Schism
  • 5. 2. Society and Urban Life
    • Byzantium suffered from the “plague of Justinian” aka. Bubonic Plague
    • Other events caused a social reform that caused the increase in the use of barter, population loss, and the decrease of the local urban noble class
      • This increased the importance of high ranking aristocrats and landlords
      • Also led to the organization of power by families
    • Women did not have a large public role, but could rule alongside their husbands
  • 6.
    • Artistic creativity flourished, as evidenced by the greatest Byzantine architectural monument, the Hagia Sophia.
    • The Cyrillic alphabet was invented by two brothers from the Byzantine Empire
  • 7. Early Medieval Europe
    • The dissapearance of the legal Roman framework gave rise to the family based traditions of the Germanic peoples.
  • 8. 1. The Time of Insecurity
    • Charles Martel rose to power because of his success at the Battle of Tours. He started the the Carolingian dynasty.
    • Two new enemies soon started to harass Western Europe, the Vikings and Varangians
  • 9. 2. A Self-Sufficient Economy
    • After Rome fell:
      • Urban based civilization lost importance
      • Trade across the Mediterranean all but stopped and most of Western Europe started to rely on meager local resources
      • Local Germanic cultural traditions replaced Roman ones and self-sufficiency grew
      • The heavy use of manors (self-sufficient farming estates)
        • Serfs made up the majority of the population
  • 10. 3. Early Medieval Society in the West
    • Knights started gain prominence in the 11 th century
      • Knights were paid with grants of land called fiefs
        • Those who received fiefs were known as vassals
    • Monarchs did not have much power
      • Lords (owners of manors) provided local justice
      • The Church was in charge of clergy
    • Noblewomen had rights, but were mostly used for marriage alliances
      • Could own property, perform farming tasks, and artisans

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