Chapter 9 Pgs: 239-248 By: Group 1
Chapter Overview <ul><li>Covers Medieval Period </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Medieval-Literally “Middle Age” </li></ul></ul><ul><...
The Byzantine Empire <ul><li>Emperors established Christianity as the official religion </li></ul><ul><li>Represented a co...
1. An Empire Beleaguered <ul><li>The Byzantine empire had a single-all powerful ruler who kept some resemblance of imperia...
2. Society and Urban Life <ul><li>Byzantium suffered from the “plague of Justinian” aka. Bubonic Plague </li></ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>Artistic creativity flourished, as evidenced by the greatest Byzantine architectural monument, the Hagia Sophia. <...
Early Medieval Europe <ul><li>The dissapearance of the legal Roman framework gave rise to the family based traditions of t...
1. The Time of Insecurity <ul><li>Charles Martel rose to power because of his success at the Battle of Tours.  He started ...
2. A Self-Sufficient Economy <ul><li>After Rome fell: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Urban based civilization lost importance </li>...
3. Early Medieval Society in the West <ul><li>Knights started gain prominence in the 11 th  century </li></ul><ul><ul><li>...
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Chapter 9 presentation

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AP World History presentation on chapter 9
from the book: The Earth and Its Peoples

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Chapter 9 presentation

  1. 1. Chapter 9 Pgs: 239-248 By: Group 1
  2. 2. Chapter Overview <ul><li>Covers Medieval Period </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Medieval-Literally “Middle Age” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Also shows shift of focus in Europe from the Mediterranean to Northern and Eastern Europe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shift marked by the rise of the Carolingian Family to power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most well known Carolingian ruler, Charlemagne, was the first to bear the title of emperor in over 300 years </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. The Byzantine Empire <ul><li>Emperors established Christianity as the official religion </li></ul><ul><li>Represented a continuation of Roman Imperial rule and tradition </li></ul>
  4. 4. 1. An Empire Beleaguered <ul><li>The Byzantine empire had a single-all powerful ruler who kept some resemblance of imperial law intact </li></ul><ul><li>However, it did not maintain much territory due to attacks by the Arabs, Slavs, and Turks </li></ul><ul><li>Christianity in the empire split from the Roman Catholic church over disputes between western princes and the Pope into what we now know as the Orthodox church-----Separation is called the Schism </li></ul>
  5. 5. 2. Society and Urban Life <ul><li>Byzantium suffered from the “plague of Justinian” aka. Bubonic Plague </li></ul><ul><li>Other events caused a social reform that caused the increase in the use of barter, population loss, and the decrease of the local urban noble class </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This increased the importance of high ranking aristocrats and landlords </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Also led to the organization of power by families </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Women did not have a large public role, but could rule alongside their husbands </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Artistic creativity flourished, as evidenced by the greatest Byzantine architectural monument, the Hagia Sophia. </li></ul><ul><li>The Cyrillic alphabet was invented by two brothers from the Byzantine Empire </li></ul>
  7. 7. Early Medieval Europe <ul><li>The dissapearance of the legal Roman framework gave rise to the family based traditions of the Germanic peoples. </li></ul>
  8. 8. 1. The Time of Insecurity <ul><li>Charles Martel rose to power because of his success at the Battle of Tours. He started the the Carolingian dynasty. </li></ul><ul><li>Two new enemies soon started to harass Western Europe, the Vikings and Varangians </li></ul>
  9. 9. 2. A Self-Sufficient Economy <ul><li>After Rome fell: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Urban based civilization lost importance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trade across the Mediterranean all but stopped and most of Western Europe started to rely on meager local resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local Germanic cultural traditions replaced Roman ones and self-sufficiency grew </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The heavy use of manors (self-sufficient farming estates) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Serfs made up the majority of the population </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. 3. Early Medieval Society in the West <ul><li>Knights started gain prominence in the 11 th century </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Knights were paid with grants of land called fiefs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Those who received fiefs were known as vassals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Monarchs did not have much power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lords (owners of manors) provided local justice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Church was in charge of clergy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Noblewomen had rights, but were mostly used for marriage alliances </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Could own property, perform farming tasks, and artisans </li></ul></ul>

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