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How to destroy the web - Lawson

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Slides from Bruce Lawson talk @Codemotion Roma 2014

Slides from Bruce Lawson talk @Codemotion Roma 2014

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Transcript

  • 1. How to destroy the WebBruce Lawson
  • 2. Tigger Warning
  • 3. The principles of universality of access irrespective of hardware or software platform, network infrastructure, language, culture, geographical location, or physical or mental impairment are core values Tim Berners-Lee
  • 4. "There is a problem called Twitter right now and you can find every kind of lie there. The thing that is called social media is the biggest trouble for society right now." - Tayyip Erdoğan, PM of Turkey
  • 5. The web ● Damages trade ● Promotes social unrest ● Encourages mistrust of authority Therefore ...
  • 6. The Web must be destroyed.
  • 7. 32% developers want monoculture http://urtak.is/vOtBLj
  • 8. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Browser_wars#The_first_browser_war
  • 9. Only allow users with the right devices in
  • 10. Ipad pic, tweet "ipad = IE4"
  • 11. do browser sniffing
  • 12. A short sad history of browser sniffing (http://webaim.org/blog/user-agent-string-history/) Mosaic NCSA_Mosaic/2.0 (Windows 3.1) Netscape Mozilla/1.0 (Win3.1) IE: Mozilla/1.22 (compatible; MSIE 2.0; Windows 95) Firefox: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows; U; Windows NT 5.0; en-US; rv:1.1) Gecko/20020826 Konqueror: Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; Konqueror/3.2; FreeBSD) (KHTML, like Gecko) Opera: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 6.0; Windows NT 5.1; en) Opera 9.51, or Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.0; U; en; rv:1.8.1) Gecko/20061208 Firefox/2.0.0 Opera 9.51, or Opera/9.51 (Windows NT 5.1; U; en) Safari: Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; U; PPC Mac OS X; de-de) AppleWebKit/85.7 (KHTML, like Gecko) Safari/85.5 Chrome: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows; U; Windows NT 5.1; en-US) AppleWebKit/525.13 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/0.2.149.27 Safari/525.13
  • 13. New kids on the block ... ● Opera 15 Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64) AppleWebKit/537.32 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/27.0.1423.0 Safari/537.32 OPR/15.0.1089.0 ● IE11 Mozilla/5.0 (IE 11.0; Windows NT 6.3 ; Trident 7.0; .NET 4.0E; .NET 4.0C; rv:11.0) like Gecko
  • 14. Script: https://github.com/404 (27 Jan 2011) // Detect if the browser is IE or not. // If it is not IE, we assume that the browser is NS. var IE = document.all?true:false; // If NS -- that is, !IE -- then set up for mouse capture if (!IE) document.captureEvents(Event.MOUSEMOVE); (Lots more fun at https://github.com/miketaylr/Snort/blob/master/snort.yml)
  • 15. China “The proportion of [people] accessing the Internet by mobile increased enormously from 39.5% in late 2008 to 46% in June 2009, while the proportion of using desktops and laptops decreased”. (close to 150 million people). Statistical Report on Internet Development in China, p25-26, July 2009, www.ccnic.cn
  • 16. There is one bank branch for every 14,000 people, one ATM for every 5000 people but a mobile for every 2.3 people in India (563.73 million) . India has more mobile phones than toilets.
  • 17. “One Web means making, as far as is reasonable, the same information and services available to users irrespective of the device they are using. However, it does not mean that exactly the same information is available in exactly the same representation across all devices.” W3C Mobile Web Best Practices http://www.w3.org/TR/mobile-bp/#OneWeb
  • 18. Require script support or specific plugins
  • 19. http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/biz/2010/05/123_52401.html
  • 20. Ahn Cheol-soo Active X has “led to international isolation of Korean IT” and “inconvenience for users.” Quoted in Wall St Journal (Image by Jinho Jung http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Ahn_Cheol-Soo.jpg)
  • 21. Make the Web country-specific
  • 22. USA October 2012 (see www.opera.com/smw) Top 10 sites (unique users) 1. google.com 2. facebook.com 3. youtube.com 4. yahoo.com 5. wikipedia.org 5. blogspot.com 6. twitter.com 7. amazon.com 8. tumblr.com 9. go.com Top 10 handsets 1. Apple iPod 2. Apple iPhone 3. LG LGE-VM510 NetFront 4. Android SCH-R720 5. Android VM670 6. Huawei unknown 7. BlackBerry 8520 8. Samsung SPH-M910 9. Samsung SPH-M820-BST 10.Android M860
  • 23. Bangladesh Top 10 sites 1. facebook.com 2. google.com 3. youtube.com 4. waptrick.com 5. Getjar.com 6. espncricinfo.com 7. wikipedia.org 8. badnews24.com 9. Wap.in 10.Prothom-alo.com Top handsets 1. Nokia 2700C 2. Nokia 5130 3. Maui E800 4. Nokia 2690 5. Nokia X2 00 6. Nokia X2 01 7. Nokia C1 8. Nokia C3 9. Nokia 6120C 10.Nokia N73 http://www.opera.com/smw/2012/07/
  • 24. UK Top 10 sites 1. google.com 2. facebook.com 3. youtube.com 4. wikipedia.org 5. bbc.co.uk 6. twitter.com 7. yahoo.com 8. goal.com 9. live.com 10.dailymail.co.uk Top handsets 1. BlackBerry_BlackBerry8520 2. BlackBerry_BlackBerry9300 3. Nokia_Nokia C3-00 4. BlackBerry_BlackBerry9700 5. BlackBerry_BlackBerry9800 6. Apple_iPhone 7. Android_HTC 8. BlackBerry_BlackBerry9780 9. Maui_E800 10.BlackBerry_BlackBerry9900
  • 25. Require specific types of hardware
  • 26. Assume a mouse foo:hover bar { display:block; }
  • 27. Hippy BS Way foo:hover bar, foo:focus bar {display:block;}
  • 28. *:focus { outline:none; }
  • 29. Assume a visual display
  • 30. Assume a visual display <SPAN id=:rg class=toxOdd role=link tabIndex=0 closure_hashCode_l16mgm="177"> Create a filter </SPAN>
  • 31. Assume a visual display <SPAN id=:rg class=toxOdd role=link tabIndex=0 closure_hashCode_l16mgm="177"> Create a filter </SPAN>
  • 32. Assume a visual display <SPAN id=:rg class=toxOdd role=link tabIndex=0 closure_hashCode_l16mgm="177"> Create a filter </SPAN>
  • 33. Hippy BS Way <a href=...>Create a filter</a> (Enhance with Ajax for JS users if you want)
  • 34. Semantics are wasteful
  • 35. Semantics are wasteful <DIV id=:rk class="J-K-I J-J5-Ji L3 J-K-I-JO" tabIndex=0 unselectable="on" closure_hashCode_l16mgm="182" act=""> <DIV class="J-J5-Ji J-K-I-Kv-H" unselectable="on"> <DIV class="J-J5-Ji J-K-I-J6-H" unselectable="on"> <DIV class=J-K-I-KC unselectable="on"> <DIV class=J-K-I-K9-KP unselectable="on">&nbsp;</DIV> <DIV class=J-K-I-Jz unselectable="on">Search Mail</DIV> </DIV></DIV></DIV></DIV>
  • 36. Semantics are wasteful <DIV role=button id=:rk class="J-K-I J-J5-Ji L3 J-K-I-JO" tabIndex=0 unselectable="on" closure_hashCode_l16mgm="182" act=""> <DIV class="J-J5-Ji J-K-I-Kv-H" unselectable="on"> <DIV class="J-J5-Ji J-K-I-J6-H" unselectable="on"> <DIV class=J-K-I-KC unselectable="on"> <DIV class=J-K-I-K9-KP unselectable="on">&nbsp;</DIV> <DIV class=J-K-I-Jz unselectable="on">Search Mail</DIV> </DIV></DIV></DIV></DIV>
  • 37. Hippie BS Web Components way <button is=kewl-button>Search Mail<button> document.register('kewl-button', { extends: 'button' }); Use Shadow DOM to add markup for styling reasons.
  • 38. <body></body>
  • 39. Break the URL addressing system
  • 40. The reason the web is so powerful is that it is a web of information. One piece of data is linked with another piece of data is via a URL. Directly addressable content is what makes web apps better than desktop apps. danwebb.net/2011/5/28/it-is-about-the-hashbangs
  • 41. #! See http://isolani.co.uk/blog/javascript/BreakingTheWebWithHashBangs
  • 42. NYSE Euronext prohibits ... unauthorized hypertext links by others to the NYSE Euronext Web-site. NYSE Euronext reserves the right to disable any unauthorized links.
  • 43. http://www.nyse.com/
  • 44. Use of any Web browsers (other than generally available third- party browsers), engines, software, spiders, robots, avatars, agents, tools or other devices or mechanisms to navigate, search or determine the NYSE Web-site is strictly prohibited.
  • 45. You agree you will not, and will not permit any third party to obstruct, receive, modify or otherwise interfere with the display or delivery of advertisements on the NYSE Web-site.
  • 46. You may print or download a single, unaltered, permanent copy or one temporary copy in a single computer’s memory of any Content for your personal, non-commercial use only
  • 47. You agree to review this Agreement each time you access the NYSE Euronext Web-site so that you are aware of any and all modifications made to this Agreement since your last visit
  • 48. www.cybertriallawyer.com/user-agreement
  • 49. Censor the Web
  • 50. Clitheroe Lightwater Penistone
  • 51. Clitheroe Lightwater Penistone
  • 52. Scunthorpe
  • 53. “We believe that if access to the Web increases dramatically, there will be significant social development and greater political representation among the billions of people who currently have no voice.”
  • 54. ● The Internet contributes 3.4 percent to Gross Domestic Product (GDP) averaged over the 13 countries covered by the report (21% of GDP growth for the most developed countries) ● The Internet creates 2.6 jobs for each lost to technology-related efficiencies (See What good is the web? Some numbers http://www.brucelawson.co.uk/2012/what-good-is-the-web-some-numbers/)
  • 55. ● Most of the economic value created by the Internet falls outside of the technology sector, with 75 percent of the benefits captured by companies in more traditional industries ● There’s a 10% increase in productivity for Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) from Internet use ● SMEs heavily using Web technology grow and export twice as much as others
  • 56. “An increase in Internet maturity similar to the one experienced in mature countries over the past 5 years creates an increase in real GDP per capita of $500 on average during this period. It took the Industrial Revolution of the 19th century 50 years to produce the same result.”
  • 57. WWW
  • 58. www.opera.com/developer bruce.lawson@opera.com www.brucelawson.co.uk twitter.com/brucel
  • 59. Image/ screenshot credits ● http://iranian-girl.blogspot.com, http://iraniandoughter.blogspot.com/2010/08/my-haven.html ● http://bbwob.blogspot.com/2008/05/atrocities-by-military-regime.html ● Erdoğan photo http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Tayyip_Erdoğan.JPG ● http://twitter.com/#!/dhh/status/32471503853322241 ● ZX81 http://www.flickr.com/photos/austinevan/3368452115/sizes/o/in/photostream/ ● xkcd app catoon http://xkcd.com/1174/ ● Quora being stupid http://www.flickr.com/photos/41894155216@N01/8750997471 ● Address book photo http://www.flickr.com/photos/anderspee/5243086788/ ● Sharks with lasers http://www.flickr.com/photos/starstreak007/3416655056/sizes/l/in/faves-24374884@N08/ ● Browser sniffing http://www.flickr.com/photos/timdorr/2096272747/ ● Indian mobile phones http://www.flickr.com/photos/worldbank/3492673512/ ● Telegraph report (Indian mobile subscribers) 15 April 2010, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/india/7593567/India-has-more-mobile-phones-than-toilets-UN-report.html ● Country stats and handset breakdown on free monthly State of the Mobile Web report http://opera.com/smw ● Lightwater map, © OpenStreetMap contributors