Bang Pu รูปภาพสำหรับ Parvathi Nair, Anna Sinnott, TarekRazzouk, Felipe Larach, Noor Al Ghafari, Kitty Kam, Elian Peña and Josue Robles NattavadeePeanpanichskul, PeerapatSingkalvanich and PrechapongArkadsopa
Strategy and Methodology for Site Work Strategic Development Pressures Klong Mai Tai Site Comparison Site Interviews Participatory Action Research (30 people) - Participatory Workshop Living space Interviews with 12 Community Members Klong Ta-Kok - Community Interview - Observations Photo here Mayor Community Round Table (8 people) Info gaps Community Leaders
Construction Materials Survey &
Knowledge Exchange Survey (5 houses) Use Space ---Materials Photo here Second hand building materials market Community Architect Observations and Informal Interviews
Source: interview with Mayor of Bang Poo and community architect Competition for Land Competitionland (public and private) How to reconcile the demand for public and private land, the development of infrastructure and squatter settlements in Bang Poo? Ban Man Kong
BTS Sky train
Large scale infrastructure (water)
Secure Tenure (private land) Squatter settlements Eviction Long term Tenure Security relocation Leasing (30 years + 10 years + ...) UrbanizationBKK Growth Decentralization Airport DEVELOPMENT PRESSURE Time
Source: interview with Mayor of Bang Poo, NULICO and community members. Plan Making System How can Municipality and communities improve the holistic planning within SamutPrakarn Province?
Lack of holistic plan making processes
Top down planning process with limited participation
Central Government Highways Dept. Treasury Dept. SamutPrakarn Province Mueng District Institutional Planning Bang Poo Municipality (Mayor) Leader Leader Leader NULICO Communities Communitymembers Communitymembers Communitymembers
Source: Community architect, interview with housholds, observations, Comprehensive Plan 2009 Environment and Flooding How to balance the environmental degradation of land due to the ineffective implementation of environmental protection policies with adverse impacts on communities?
Weak Implementation of Comprehensive Plan
Development (eg airport)
Flood Alleviation Agriculture Use Mangrove Conservation Comprehensive Plan (actualised 2009). Land Uses Slum communities
Baan ManKong Achievements Source: Interviews with NULICO 1. Community network 2. Success of previous exp. 3. Support of other community (training, negotiation techniques) 4. Start to know each other Municipality Relationship MAYOR - Empowerment
individual (knowledge) - Trust in the community NULICO Leader Leader Leader Ban ManKong : Delivery of housing, Secure housing tenure, Quality of life, Ability to know each other, Community service (Social welfare)
Accessibility How can Baan Mankong become more accessible for vulnerable people (eg very poor and elderly)? BAANN MANKONG HOUSEHOLDS Baan Mankong Households Low income households Lack of community engagement Lack of relation between members of other communities Weak relation with CODI: access to poor fund EXCLUDED HOUSEHOLDS Excluded Households: Affordability: cannot join savings groups (informal-rural economy) Inclusion: Baan Mankong criteria loans (<55 years) S O C I A L B A R R I E R COMMUNITY
Community Mobilisation Can strengthening links between communities members within the Baan Mankongprogramme improve community mobilsation?
Poor community mobilisation beyond savings group
Isolation- weak physical and social connections between communities
Use of Living Space Building the knowledge of understanding physical environment. Source: Interviews, surveying and observation The gap in transformation physical environment Quality and quantity approach – an extensive survey of 5 households on spatial and social levels Zones of activity & social interaction Existing community ‘in-between spaces’ Spatial cognition of the households precedent
Source: Interviews, surveying and observation Affordability How can affordability issues within Ban Mankong be addressed?
Recyclable construction materials from existing dwellings translates into financial asset
Reduce the cost of houses to make them more affordable – initial estimates from the survey suggest this could be a third (50,000B) of the overall cost of each unit
Reusing materials can reduce the need to buy new additional construction materials.
Selling and/or buying from the second hand market can reduce construct costs
ta-bae ka mai. Second-hand wood shop
Improving Community Mobilisation Source: Interviews with NULICO Approach: Address community mobilisation through expanding the links between community members in different communities. Potential Activities:
Events and opportunities for interaction
Training and knowledge groups, house wives, young people, occupation groups, construction knowledge.
Share places as markets, sports centres, community centres.
Planning System Participation Source: Interviews with Mayor community architect SamutPrakan PAO – Plan Making & Development Projects Create direct relationship between Bang Poo Municipality and the Province to participate in the plan making process Improve information dissemination to community members and participation in the planning process Community Feedback SamutPrakan People Organization Bang Poo City Formula District Direct Participation NULICO Bang Poo Municipality Strong Link Information dissemination Baan Mankong
What have we learned? What we learnt
The power of the mobilization of communities.
The value of local knowledge and self-sufficiency
The strength of networking and collective knowledge for the community
Be flexible in your research approach
The importance of the role of women in Baan Mankong
Always introduce yourselves before an interview...