Georgia's Transportation Systems


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Georgia's Transportation Systems

  1. 1. Interstate Highways  Highway system began around 1956 National Highway Act of 1956  -Act that authorized the construction of the Highways  Dwight Eisenhower was impressed with Germany’s roads; after poor experiences and the 1950’s nuclear “scare,” he pushed for a road system across the US  General Lucius D. Clay (Marietta, GA) was the principal architect of the system  He helped bring Interstates 75, 85, & 20 through Atlanta  Important for the states economy in that people move goods and selves around the state via these roads-1200miles of Interstate Hwys; 17,800 of state Hwys; 87,000 of paved roads  Highways join the major cities with the rest of the country  Georgia ranks 10th in number of Superhighways  North/South I75 & I95  East/West (somewhat) I10,I85, I20, I24, & I59
  2. 2. President Dwight Eisenhower
  3. 3. General Lucius D. Clay
  4. 4. Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport  Single most significant economic event in GA history  Originally named after Mayor (for 23 years), William Hartsfield  It was changed and renamed after both Hartsfield and Atlanta’s first African American mayor, Maynard Jackson  Originally supposed to be in Birmingham, AL; however, Hartsfield pushed for it knowing the economic power it held for the state  Was first rented as a racetrack  Was first called Candler field & airmail service began in 1928  1929, Delta Air Lines started passenger service from Candler field  Is currently one of the busiest airports in the world  Employs approximately 55, 000 people a year (considered largest employment center in Georgia  2006 “Busiest airport in the world”  4700 Acres and 5 runways  Contains 200 shops & restaurants; ground transportation security, fed. Govt, city of Atlanta, and Airport tenant employees.  2005, total payroll was 2.4 Billion=direct $ impact of 5.6 Billion on the economy
  5. 5. Mayor Williams Hartsfield
  6. 6. Mayor Maynard Jackson
  7. 7. Candler Field
  8. 8. Hartsfield-Jackson Airport
  9. 9. Georgia Ports  The first child born in the new colony was given a silver ship and a spoon-the ship symbolized the commercial link between the colony and the mother country  Savannah: the first port  the first export was supposed to be silk  After the invention of cotton gin, the Port of Savannah became the top exporter of cotton  By 1819, the port also exported indigo, tobacco, & timber  1855-more than $20 million in exports to foreign countries; cotton made 89% of the total  Brunswick:  Early 20th century exports more than doubled  Cotton was 90% of the export  The Boll Weevil took away much of the shipping business in Georgia  WWII brought the shipping industry back to life with the need for shipments of food, supplies, & military equipment …war effort: building of the “Liberty Ships” (cargo ships)- built mostly by women  Georgia Ports Authority (GPA): agency developed to foster international trade in the deepwater ports & the river barge terminals
  10. 10. Port of Savannah
  11. 11. Port of Savannah
  12. 12. Port of Brunswick
  13. 13. Georgia Ports Authority GPA  Savannah:  Two terminals (freight station where ships can be loaded & unloaded)  Garden City Terminal site for major container operations  Large container packed with products made in another country  The Ocean terminal handles automobiles & other wheeled equipment  Brunswick  Three Terminals  Mayor’s Point  Handles general cargo like Garden City in Savannah  Colonel’s Island  Automobiles & dry bulk commodities (products of agriculture or mining)  Marine Point  Bulk & general goods, but run by private company  GPA handles the two terminals for river transportation in the western part of the state  Bainbridge Island-Flint river-handles all goods, transporting to ocean  Columbus Island Barge Terminal- liquid commodities like crude oil & petroleum products
  14. 14. Railroads  How do you think railroad transportation impacts our state?
  15. 15. Essential Questions  What are the main transportation systems in our state?  How have the transportation systems impacted the state of Georgia?  What do you think?!!!