Georgia Expands West
The Pursuit of Land
Land meant wealth and power to Americans.
Settlers moved westward into lands claimed by
Creeks and Che...
Headright system-1782
Every head of a household
had a right to land.
200 acres for the head of a
household.
50 acres for e...
A Change in Agriculture- 1800s
Most land was distributed
among wealthy white men.
Plantations replaced
smaller farms in th...
Left Side Assignment
Math Questions
1. You are the head of a household with a
spouse, four children, and three slaves. How...
Answers
1. 600 acres
2. 700 acres
3. 1000 acres, but eligible for 1200 acres.
The Yazoo Land Fraud - 1795
Georgia wanted to settle its western lands to
encourage economic growth.
That included land ne...
Land Sold in the Yazoo Land Fraud
The Compact of 1802
The United States government purchased all of
Georgia’s western lands to help Georgia pay off
its debt...
Land Lottery 1805-1833
A series of lotteries took
place to sell land.
Ordinary Georgians could
now buy larger amounts
of l...
The Cotton Gin- 1794
Eli Whitney was working at the Mulberry Grove
Plantation near Savannah.
He watched slaves separate se...
Cotton Gin Photo
Rise of Slavery in Georgia
In 1790 there were 30,000
slaves working on coastal
rice plantations.
The land lottery opened
l...
Slave Distribution in the U.S. 1790-1860
Left side Assignment
How did the invention of the cotton gin and
the use of the land lottery have an impact
on cotton prod...
Canals
Now that Georgia was
producing so many
products (cash crops)
they needed a cheap and
fast form of transportation.
C...
Canal Route
SALMA
Georgia’s Capitals
S – Savannah
A – Augusta
L – Louisville
M – Milledgeville
A - Atlanta
Georgia’s Capital Cities
Augusta
Georgia moved its
capital from Savannah
to Augusta in 1785 to
be more accessible to
peopl...
Louisville,GA
They moved it again in
1796 to a new town
called Louisville (named
for King Louis of France).
Why would we w...
Milledgeville, GA
Due to continued
western expansion
and an outbreak of
malaria in
Louisville the
capital was moved
to Mil...
Atlanta, GA
Eventually the state
capital was moved to
Atlanta Georgia.
Atlanta started as a
railroad hub called
Terminus, ...
University of
Georgia

Lyman Hall suggested creating
a higher system of learning
Abraham Baldwin (first
president of UGA) ...
Who is first?
The debate between UGA and UNC is not
that important, because…
GO FLORIDA!!!
UGA will always be second best to
FLORIDA!!!!!!
Left Side Assignment
“Two Questions”
1. Why did Georgia’s capital move away
from its original location in Savannah and
whe...
Georgia Land Use Notes Check
Write Down “Headright”, “Yazoo Land Fraud”, or “Land Lottery”
to match an answer that best fi...
Georgia Capitals, Education, and Religion Quiz
Write true or false for each statement.
1. The third capital of Georgia was...
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Ga Development - Westward Expansion

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Ga Development - Westward Expansion

  1. 1. Georgia Expands West
  2. 2. The Pursuit of Land Land meant wealth and power to Americans. Settlers moved westward into lands claimed by Creeks and Cherokee. Indian lands were acquired through negotiated treaties .
  3. 3. Headright system-1782 Every head of a household had a right to land. 200 acres for the head of a household. 50 acres for each family member including slaves. Maximum of 1,000 acres. Revolutionary War vets were encouraged to settle in Georgia.
  4. 4. A Change in Agriculture- 1800s Most land was distributed among wealthy white men. Plantations replaced smaller farms in the soil rich Piedmont region. Tobacco and cotton became the major crops.
  5. 5. Left Side Assignment Math Questions 1. You are the head of a household with a spouse, four children, and three slaves. How many acres of land are you entitled to? 2. You are the head of a household with a spouse, your elderly mother and eight children. How many acres of land are you entitled to? 3. You are the head of a household with a spouse, four children and 15 slaves. How many acres of land are you entitled to?
  6. 6. Answers 1. 600 acres 2. 700 acres 3. 1000 acres, but eligible for 1200 acres.
  7. 7. The Yazoo Land Fraud - 1795 Georgia wanted to settle its western lands to encourage economic growth. That included land near the Yazoo River in what is now Mississippi. Legislators were bribed by land companies to sell the land below its real value. Nearly 35 million acres were “sold” to 4 private land companies at 2 cents/ acre The land was then sold to civilians for huge profits. When the bribes were discovered the legislators were voted out of office.
  8. 8. Land Sold in the Yazoo Land Fraud
  9. 9. The Compact of 1802 The United States government purchased all of Georgia’s western lands to help Georgia pay off its debts from the Yazoo Land Fraud. Its Western border became the Chattahoochee River. The U.S. also agreed to remove all Indians from Georgia when needed. The Yazoo Land Fraud indirectly led to the Trail of Tears.
  10. 10. Land Lottery 1805-1833 A series of lotteries took place to sell land. Ordinary Georgians could now buy larger amounts of land at a cheap price. A lottery was restricted to white men, orphans, and widows. Land was sold on an average at 7 cents / acre.
  11. 11. The Cotton Gin- 1794 Eli Whitney was working at the Mulberry Grove Plantation near Savannah. He watched slaves separate seeds from the cotton by hand. He invented the cotton gin, a machine that could clean cotton quickly. Cotton became the largest crop grown in the South.
  12. 12. Cotton Gin Photo
  13. 13. Rise of Slavery in Georgia In 1790 there were 30,000 slaves working on coastal rice plantations. The land lottery opened large areas of the Piedmont for agriculture. With the access of land and the invention of the cotton gin, by 1860 there were nearly 500,000 slaves working Georgia’s fields.
  14. 14. Slave Distribution in the U.S. 1790-1860
  15. 15. Left side Assignment How did the invention of the cotton gin and the use of the land lottery have an impact on cotton production and the slave population in Georgia in the early 1800s?
  16. 16. Canals Now that Georgia was producing so many products (cash crops) they needed a cheap and fast form of transportation. Canals were built in the early 1800s to make shipping goods to markets quicker and cheaper. They were soon replaced by railroads in the mid 1800s.
  17. 17. Canal Route
  18. 18. SALMA Georgia’s Capitals S – Savannah A – Augusta L – Louisville M – Milledgeville A - Atlanta
  19. 19. Georgia’s Capital Cities Augusta Georgia moved its capital from Savannah to Augusta in 1785 to be more accessible to people moving west.
  20. 20. Louisville,GA They moved it again in 1796 to a new town called Louisville (named for King Louis of France). Why would we want to honor the King of France? Louisville was considered a good compromise location between Savannah and Augusta.
  21. 21. Milledgeville, GA Due to continued western expansion and an outbreak of malaria in Louisville the capital was moved to Milledgeville from 1804 - 1868
  22. 22. Atlanta, GA Eventually the state capital was moved to Atlanta Georgia. Atlanta started as a railroad hub called Terminus, later called Marthasville, and finally renamed as Atlanta.
  23. 23. University of Georgia Lyman Hall suggested creating a higher system of learning Abraham Baldwin (first president of UGA) believed it was a government’s duty to help educate everyone. Georgia established the first public university in the country in 1801. (University of North Carolina claim they are the oldest) Originally called Franklin College - later became the University of Georgia. One of the first institutions to allow women to attend.
  24. 24. Who is first? The debate between UGA and UNC is not that important, because…
  25. 25. GO FLORIDA!!! UGA will always be second best to FLORIDA!!!!!!
  26. 26. Left Side Assignment “Two Questions” 1. Why did Georgia’s capital move away from its original location in Savannah and where did it go? 2. What was significant about the establishment of the University of Georgia?
  27. 27. Georgia Land Use Notes Check Write Down “Headright”, “Yazoo Land Fraud”, or “Land Lottery” to match an answer that best fits each question or statement. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Family members were worth 50 acres each. Legislators took bribes for the sold land. It led to a change from small farms to plantations. It gave the head of a household as much as 200 acres. Widows and orphans could participate. It involved land in what is now Mississippi and Alabama. It led to Georgia’s western border being set at the Chattahoochee River. 8. You could “draw a blank” and not receive land. 9. It encouraged Revolutionary War veterans to move to Georgia. 10. Four private companies purchased millions of acres.
  28. 28. Georgia Capitals, Education, and Religion Quiz Write true or false for each statement. 1. The third capital of Georgia was established at Louisville. 2. Georgia’s capital was moved from Savannah because it was too hot there during the summer months. 3. Abraham Baldwin believed that only the wealthy should receive a higher education. 4. The University of Georgia was established as the first public university in the country. 5. The original name of Georgia’s first private university was Franklin College. 6. Churches grew after the Revolutionary War ended. 7. Free Will Baptists believed in missionary work and education. 8. Tent Revivals were a part of the Methodist Church’s effort to promote religion throughout the state. 9. Tent revivals became important places for people to socialize. 10. A head of a household with a spouse, his mother and two children could receive up to 350 acres of land with the Headright System.
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