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Colonial Powerpoint Colonial Powerpoint Presentation Transcript

  • SS8H2a Explain the importance of JamesOglethorpe, the Charter of 1732, reasons for settlement (charity, economics, anddefense), Tomochichi, Mary Musgrove, and the city of Savannah. Concepts: Movement / Migration Individuals – Groups – Institutions
  • COLONIZATION of GEORGIA SS8H2aESSENTIAL QUESTION What were the three main reasons for creating the colony of Georgia?
  • EQ: What were the three main reasons for creating the colony of Georgia? CHARITY REASONS FOR ECONOMICS COLONIZING GEORGIA DEFENSE
  • COLONIZATION of GEORGIA SS8H2aESSENTIAL QUESTIONWhat was important about the Charter of 1732?
  • CHARTER OF 1732• WHO: King George II, James Oglethorpe, 20 trustees, total of 115 colonists• WHAT: Document to start a colony in Georgia• WHEN: 1732• WHERE: All land between Altamaha and Savannah Rivers to the south seas, Town of Savannah on Yamacraw Bluff• WHY: 1) protection from Spanish, French, and Native Americans, 2) provide resources for Britain, 3) populate the colony with “worthy poor”
  • THE TRUSTEES Twenty one men (including James Oglethorpe) who were the founders of the Georgia colony. They negotiated treaties with the Native Americans, made regulations (guideline or rules) about what the colonists could and could not do. They were entrusted by King George II to manage the colony of Georgia.
  • • Georgia as a Trustee Colony:• 21 Trustees in charge for 20 years• They could not own land, hold office, get paid.• Looked for industrious skilled workers who were down on their luck. (Debtors)• The trustees hoped the settlers would produce wine and silk to send back to England.• New settlers had to plant mulberry trees for the raising of silkworms .
  • Not everyone was welcome in Georgia Liquor Rum BlacksCan you guess why?Refer to page 116 in your text(Georgia and the AmericanExperience) Lawyers Catholics
  • Strict Rules for the Colonists• No slaves were allowed in the colony.• No rum or other liquor was allowed.• Land was limited to 50 acres per family.
  • COLONIZATION of GEORGIA SS8H2aESSENTIAL QUESTION What role did James Oglethorpe, Tomochichi, and Mary Musgrove play in the colonization of Georgia?
  • EQ: What role did James Oglethorpe, Tomochichi, and Mary Musgrove play in the colonization of Georgia? Tomochichi Mary Musgrove James OglethorpeChief of the Yamacraw Indians. Daughter of an English Englishman who foundedBecame friends with Oglethorpe trader and Creek Indian the colony of Georgia andand allowed colonists to settle mother. She served as a built the city of Savannah.on Yamacraw Bluff near translator for Tomochichi Served in British militarySavannah River in order to trade and Oglethorpe and and Parliament andwith the English. Traveled to helped the peaceful convinced King George IIEngland and convinced his own relationship between to grant him a charter topeople the English had good Indians and colonists by colonize Georgia withintentions of colonizing the land operating a trading post in English citizens who werein Georgia. Signed Treaty of Savannah. in debt. Resident Trustee.Savannah.
  • James Oglethorpe with Tomochichi and Mary Musgrove
  • Geography Where is the city of Savannah?
  • SS8H2b Evaluate the Trustee Period of Georgia’scolonial history, emphasizing the role of theSalzburgers, Highland Scots, malcontents, and the Spanish threat from Florida. Concepts: Individuals – Groups – Institutions Governance Conflict and Change
  • Movement / MigrationThe student will understand that the movement or migration of people,goods, and ideas affects all societies involved.What are some examples of European culture that exists in the United States today? What role did the Salzburgers and Highland Scots play in colonizing Georgia?
  • Individuals – Groups - Institutions The student will understand that the actions of Individuals, Groups, and Institutions affect society through intended and unintended consequences. What are some groups in your school, community, or state? How did the actions of the Salzburgers and Highland Scots affect the society of the Georgia colony?
  • COLONIZATION of GEORGIAPAGE 16 IN GEORGIA JOURNAL SS8H2bESSENTIAL QUESTIONWhat role did the Salzburgers and Highland Scots play in Georgia’s colonial history?
  • ROLE OF THE SALZBURGERS AND HIGHLAND SCOTS• WHO: SALZBURGERS • WHO: HIGHLAND SCOTS• WHAT: • WHAT:• WHEN: • WHEN:• WHERE: • WHERE:• WHY: • WHY:
  • TRUSTEE PERIOD• TRUSTEE PERIOD LASTED FROM 1732 – 1752• KING GEORGE II ALLOWED THE TRUSTEES TO GOVERN THE COLONY• TRUSTEES WERE A GROUP OF MEN WHO GOVERNED THE COLONY OF GEORGIA, LED BY JAMES OGLETHORPE• TRUSTEES CREATED LAWS AND REGULATIONS: COLONISTS COULD NOT OWN SLAVES, ALCOHOL WAS BANNED, CATHOLICS WERE NOT ALLOWED TO SETTLE IN GEORGIA, WOMEN COULD NOT INHERIT LAND• SIGNED TREATIES WITH NATIVE AMERICANS TO ACQUIRE LAND AND AS AN ALLY TO FIGHT AGAINST THE SPANISH• NEW COLONISTS ARRIVED TO GEORGIA: SALZBURGERS AND HIGHLAND SCOTS – BROUGHT WITH THEM THEIR CULTURE• RELIGIOUS FREEDOM IN GEORGIA ATTRACTED EUROPEAN PROTESTANTS – EVENTUALLY THE METHODISTS CHURCH WAS FOUNDED IN GEORGIA
  • SALZBURGERS• “The Georgia Salzburgers, a group of German- speaking Protestant colonists, founded the town of Ebenezer in what is now Effingham County. Arriving in 1734, the group received support from King George II of England and the Georgia Trustees after being expelled from its home in the Catholic principality of Salzburg (in present- day Austria). The Salzburgers survived extreme hardships in both Europe and Georgia to establish a prosperous and culturally unique community.” - New Georgia Encyclopedia
  • SALZBURGERS key points• 1734 - came to Georgia after being expelled from Germany / Austria for not being Catholic• Protestants who wanted religious freedom• Created the town of Ebenezer, but was too swampy to survive• Relocated to the town of New Ebenezer along Savannah River – became a very religious community, also had silk mills• Trustees liked the hard working Salzburgers because they did not like slavery or alcohol which were rules the colonists had to live by
  • Rincon,Georgia iswhere thetown of NewEbenezerwas located.
  • Sketch of Ebenezer, GeorgiaPrint from Von Reck Archive, Royal Library of Denmark, Copenhagen
  • MAP OF THE SALZBURGER SETTLEMENT OFNEW EBENEZER ON THE SAVANNAH RIVER
  • SALZBURGERSWhatever you forget about the Salzburgersbetween now and the CRCT, at least rememberthis…The Salzburgers were ProtestantChristians who were kicked out ofCatholic controlled Germany andwanted religious freedom in Georgia.
  • ROLE OF THE SALZBURGERS AND HIGHLAND SCOTS• WHO: SALZBURGERS • WHO: HIGHLAND SCOTS• WHAT: GROUP OF • WHAT: PROTESTANT PEOPLE FROM EUROPE (GERMANY / AUSTRIA) WHO HELPED COLONIZE GEORGIA• WHEN: 1734 • WHEN:• WHERE: BUILT THE TOWN • WHERE: OF NEW EBENEZER NORTHWEST OF SAVANNAH ALONG THE SAVANNAH RIVER.• • WHY: WHY: ESCAPED RELIGIOUS PERSECUTION FROM CATHOLIC CONTROLLED GERMANY / AUSTRIA
  • HIGHLAND SCOTS• “James Oglethorpe wanted to protect the Georgia colony from possible attacks from Spanish Florida. The men of Scotland had the reputation of being good soldiers, and so Oglethorpe recruited a group of about 175 Highland Scots to settle in the area south of Savannah. The group arrived at the Altamaha River in 1736 and established a settlement they originally called New Inverness. Later, they changed the name to Darien.” - Dr. Glen Blankenship and Vicki Wood
  • HIGHLAND SCOTS key points• Came to Georgia in 1736 from Scotland• Built the town / fort of Darien south of Savannah along the Altamaha River• Reputation of hard working people who were good soldiers• Protected the Georgia colony from Spanish Florida – helped Oglethorpe push the Spanish out of Georgia in the Battle of Bloody Marsh• Changed from farming to cattle raising and harvesting timber• Opposed slavery in the colony
  • Darien: Where theHighland Scotsbuilt a fort andsettlement toprotect the colonyfrom SpanishFlorida.
  • HIGHLAND SCOTS SUMMARYWhatever you forget about the HighlandScots between now and the CRCT, at leastremember this…The Highland Scots were soldiers whocolonized Georgia by creating the townof Darien and helped defend the colonyfrom the Spanish during the Battle ofBloody Marsh.
  • ROLE OF THE SALZBURGERS AND HIGHLAND SCOTS• WHO: SALZBURGERS • WHO: HIGHLAND SCOTS• WHAT: GROUP OF • WHAT: GROUP OF PROTESTANT PEOPLE SOLDIERS FROM FROM EUROPE (GERMANY / SCOTLAND WHO HELP AUSTRIA) WHO HELPED COLONIZE GEORGIA AND COLONIZE GEORGIA DEFEND THE COLONY• WHEN: 1734 FROM THE SPANISH• WHERE: BUILT THE TOWN • WHEN: 1736 OF NEW EBENEZER • WHERE: BUILT THE TOWN & NORTHWEST OF SAVANNAH FORT CALLED DARIEN ALONG THE SAVANNAH ALONG THE ALTAMAHA RIVER. RIVER AND RAISED CATTLE• WHY: ESCAPED RELIGIOUS AND TIMBER PERSECUTION FROM • WHY: OGLETHORPE CATHOLIC CONTROLLED NEEDED THEIR MILITARY GERMANY / AUSTRIA HELP TO DEFEAT THE SPANISH DURING THE BATTLE OF BLOODY MARSH
  • SS8H2b Evaluate the Trustee Period of Georgia’scolonial history, emphasizing the role of theSalzburgers, Highland Scots, malcontents, and the Spanish threat from Florida. Concepts: Individuals – Groups – Institutions Governance Conflict and Change
  • COLONIZATION of GEORGIAPAGE 17 IN GEORGIA JOURNAL SS8H2bESSENTIAL QUESTIONHow did Georgia react to theSpanish threat from Florida?
  • CONFLICT & CHANGEThe student will understand that when there is conflictbetween or within societies, change is the result. What is a modern day example of conflict and change? What was the Battle ofBloody Marsh, and how did it affect the colony of Georgia?
  • WAR OF JENKINS’ EARBETWEEN THE SPANISH AND ENGLISH
  • BATTLE OF BLOODY MARSH“On July 7, 1742, English and Spanish forcesskirmished on St. Simons Island in an encounterlater known as the Battle of Bloody Marsh.This event was the only Spanish attempt toinvade Georgia during the War of Jenkins Ear,and it resulted in a significant English victory.General James Oglethorpe redeemed hisreputation from his defeat at St. Augustine,Florida, two years earlier, and the positivepsychological effects upon his troops, settlers,other colonists, and the English populace ralliedthem to the cause to preserve Georgia.” - New Georgia Encyclopedia
  • CONFLICT & CHANGEThe student will understand that when there is conflictbetween or within societies, change is the result. What is a modern day example of conflict and change? What was the Battle ofBloody Marsh, and how did it affect the colony of Georgia?
  • SS8H2b Evaluate the Trustee Period of Georgia’scolonial history, emphasizing the role of theSalzburgers, Highland Scots, malcontents, and the Spanish threat from Florida. Concepts: Individuals – Groups – Institutions Governance Conflict and Change
  • COLONIZATION of GEORGIA PAGE 18 IN GEORGIA JOURNAL SS8H2bESSENTIAL QUESTIONWho were the malcontents, and why were they so upset with Oglethorpe and the Trustees?
  • CONFLICT & CHANGE The student will understand that when there is conflict between or within societies, change is the result. What does the term conflict of interest mean to you? Why do Democrats and Republicansseldom see eye to eye on political issues? How were the colonial lifestyles of Georgia and South Carolina different?How did this spark a conflict of interest in the colony? Did colonial life in Georgia change, if so how?
  • MALCONTENTS“Whereas many of Georgias original settlerscame with monetary aid from the Trustees, mostof the Malcontents arrived without assistanceand thus did not have the same loyalty to thecolonys founders. In particular, the Malcontentsobjected to the Trustees limits on landownership and prohibitions on slavery and rum.Since the Malcontents could afford to purchaseslaves and vast tracts of land, they felt thepolicies of the Trustees prevented them fromrealizing their economic potential.” - New Georgia Encyclopedia
  • PRIMARY SOURCE DOCUMENT“During the 1730s,Scottish settler PatrickTailfer led a group ofcolonists, knowns asthe Malcontents, inprotest of various lawsand policies enforcedby the GeorgiaTrustees. “- New Georgia Encyclopedia
  • COMPARING TWO COLONIES GEORGIA SOUTH CAROLINA• TRUSTEE COLONY • ROYAL COLONY• NO SLAVERY • SLAVERY WAS• NO RUM ALLOWED• LAND LIMITS 500 acres • TRADE RUM WITH• FEMALE COULD NOT INDIANS INHERIT LAND • NO LAND LIMITS• FORCED TO GROW • FEMALES COULD MULBERRY TREES, INHERIT LAND GRAPES, AND INDIGO • COULD GROW PLANTS COTTON, RICE, AND• STRUGGLED TO MAKE TOBACCO MONEY • VERY PROFITABLE
  • SS8H2cExplain the development of Georgia as a royal colony with regard to landownership, slavery, government, and the impact of the royal governors. Concepts: Individuals – Groups – Institutions Governance Distribution of Power
  • CONFLICT & CHANGE The student will understand that when there is conflict between or within societies, change is the result.Is there conflict in government? What are some examples?How was colonial life different in Georgiabetween the Trustee period and the Royal colonial period?
  • COLONIZATION of GEORGIA PAGE 19 IN GEORGIA JOURNAL SS8H2cESSENTIAL QUESTIONHow did Georgia change from a Trustee colony to a Royal colony?
  • ROYAL COLONY LAND OWNERSHIP SLAVERY GOVERNMENT• colonists allowed • only wealthy could • Royal governors to own and sell own slaves appointed by King more land • worked on rice • Trustee laws plantations repealed• large plantations farms with slave • planters bought • bi-cameral labor more and more land legislature • social classes • white males with • changed the property could vote developed economy of Georgia – grew rich • colonists had more• border of Georgia freedom:increased south to • slaves were self-government St. Mary’s River property and had no and west to rights • court system to settle disputes Mississippi River
  • SS8H2cExplain the development of Georgia as a royal colony with regard to landownership, slavery, government, and the impact of the royal governors. Concepts: Individuals – Groups – Institutions Governance Distribution of Power
  • RULE of LAWThe student will understand that in ademocracy, rule of law influences the behavior of citizens, establishesprocedures for making policies, and limits the power of government. What are some rules in each of yourclasses? What are some policies in your student agenda? What part of the constitution limits the power of government? What were some laws that enforced during the Trustee period but later repealed?
  • COLONIZATION of GEORGIAPAGE 20 IN GEORGIA JOURNAL SS8H2cESSENTIAL QUESTION What impact did the RoyalGovernors have on the colony of Georgia?
  • EQ: What impact did the Royal Governors have on the colony of Georgia? John Reynolds Henry Ellis James Wright• 1st Royal Governor of Georgia • 2nd Royal Governor • 3rd (last) Royal Governor• Brought self-government • Restored the colony • Very popular• Set up court systems • Reformed the government • Increased the size of GA• Colony was poor • Divided GA into parishes • Economy improved• Unpopular and ineffective • Helped the Creek Indians • Population increased• Poor relations with Indians • Well liked and respected• Removed from office
  • ROYAL GEORGIA GEORGIA’S PHYSICALBOUNDARIES INCREASE SOUTH TO ST. MARY’S RIVER EXTENDINGWEST TO THEMISSISSIPPI RIVER
  • GOVERNANCE The student will understand that as a society increases in complexity and interacts withother societies, the complexity of government also increases. Think back to when you were in elementary school. How are the rules more complex in middle school?Tomochichi and James Oglethorpe were leaders of different societies. Do youthink Indians and colonists had to adaptto one another’s rules and government?
  • • www.georgiaencyclopedia.org• www.nationalhumanitiescenter.org