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Cold War Review

Cold War Review






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    Cold War Review Cold War Review Presentation Transcript

    • Chapters 18, 19, 20
    • 8
    • 7
    • 6
    • 5
    • 4
    • 3
    • Essay Question: What was the Cold War?
      • Define
      • U.S. Goals vs. Soviet Goals
      • Strategies/Policies (Doctrines)
      • Alliances
      • Key Places
      • Key Events
    • Korean War (1950-1953)
      • Causes:
      • North Korean Aggression/Invasion
      • China Influence
      • Containment/Truman Doctrine
      • Significance
      • 38 th Parallel
      • Chinese involvement
      • MacArthur vs. Truman
    • Legacy of the Korean War
      • 1 st armed confrontation of the Cold War.
      • Created the idea of “limited war.”
      • Expanded the Cold War to Asia.
      • Created the heavily guarded De-militarized Zone (DMZ) which still exists today.
      • Contributed to the 2 nd Red Scare.
    • The Shipping Miracle: The Berlin Airlift (June 48 – May 49)
      • Early Cold War Crisis
      • West Berlin’s location
      • Response to the Berlin Blockade
      • “ Impossible” feat
      • 1 plane landed every minutes
      • The Hero:
        • The Father of the Berlin Airlift
        • Held the city in defiance to the Soviets.
    • The Shipping Miracle: The Berlin Airlift (June 48 – May 49)
      • Outcome
      • Demonstrated the stubborn will of the U.S. to uphold Cold War policies.
      • U.S. looked good
      • Soviets looked bad
      • Candy Bomber lifts the
      • spirits of the German kids.
    • The Berlin Airlift
    • Bay of Pigs – April 1961
      • The Bay of Pigs is a small, southern inlet on the island of Cuba. (Bay of Triggerfish)
      • It was a failed invasion in attempt to overthrow the Cuban dictator Fidel Castro.
        • Eisenhower’s Idea
        • Headed by the CIA (approved by JFK)
        • Main force was Cuban exiles trained by the CIA.
    • Bay of Pigs
      • Immediate Outcome:
        • Totally unsuccessful.
        • 115 Killed/1,189 Captured
        • Embarrassment for the U.S.
      • Long Term Effects:
        • More Soviet weapons for Cuba.
        • Increased hostility between the 2 nations.
        • Helped pave the way for the Cuban Missile Crisis.
      • U.S. = “looked like fools to our friends, rascals to our enemies, and incompetents to the rest.”
    • Cuban Missile Crisis–October 1962
      • The U.S. confronted Cuba and the Soviet Union about nuclear weapons that had been placed 90 miles from the U.S.
      • Kennedy issued a “quarantine” to restrict more ships with weapons from going to Cuba.
    • Cuban Missile Crisis
      • Result:
      • Both Kennedy and Khrushchev feared the start of a nuclear war.
        • They successfully negotiated an agreement to end the stand-off.
        • Soviet Union had to remove missiles from Cuba
        • U.S. had to remove missiles from Turkey (secretly).
      • Outcome:
      • The world was saved.
      • Khrushchev loses power.
    • Cuban Missile Crisis
      • Long Term Effects:
      • Hot-Line Created : a direct line between the White House and the Kremlin for communication between the two.
      • Limited Test Ban Treaty : barred nuclear testing in the atmosphere.
    • contrast of cold war presidents Kennedy Truman Eisenhower
    • What was the Cold War?
      • Period of conflict, tension, and competition between the U.S. & Russia (USSR) from 1945 – 1991.
    • What was the United States’ policy in the Cold War in dealing with Russia?
      • Containment: Stopping the spread of Communism
    • What is the term given to the Eastern European nations that were dominated by the Soviet Union?
      • Satellite Nations
    • What was the purpose of NATO?
      • Defensive military alliance between the U.S. and it’s allies.
    • What was the defensive military alliance for the Communists?
      • The Warsaw Pact
    • What is the significance of the 38 th Parallel?
      • Dividing line between North & South Korea
      • Where the Korean War began, and ended
      • Dividing line between Communism and Democracy
    • Who was the Commanding General for the United Nations in Korea and what did he want to do with the war?
      • General MacArthur wanted to nuke China.
    • What group help topple governments in Iran and Guatemala?
      • The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
    • What was the foreign policy proposed by John F. Dulles that used the threat of all-out nuclear war?
      • Brinkmanship
    • How did the Marshall Plan help to contain Communism in Europe?
      • By giving loans to countries whose economies were weak and vulnerable.
    • What did the Iron Curtain divide?
      • Divided Europe in half symbolically and physically between Communism and Democracy.
    • What action brought vital supplies to a region blockaded by the Soviet Union?
      • The Berlin Airlift
    • What is a “blacklist”?
      • A list that denies rights or privileges to the people on the list.
    • What was the purpose of the Hollywood “blacklist”?
      • To deny jobs to people that were suspected of having a communist background.
    • What is Joseph McCarthy’s claim to fame?
      • He sought out suspected Communists in the government.
    • What did Alger Hiss and the Rosenberg’s have in common?
      • They were Communist spies.
    • What government organization made news by going after suspected Communists in Hollywood?
      • HUAC (The House Un-American Activities Committee)
    • Who was the leader of the Soviet Union from 1953-1964 and how do you spell his name?
      • Nikita Khrushchev
    • How did the U2 Spy Plane incident affect Cold War relations?
      • The Soviet leader Khrushchev called off an invitation to meet with Eisenhower. – Tensions grew…
    • How did the Beat Movement signify a growing social conflict in the 1950’s?
      • The beatniks were non-conformists who disliked the mainstream culture - later would lead to other groups.
    • How did Rock n’ Roll demonstrate racial problems during the 1950’s?
      • Many black artists inspired the rock n’ roll movement but did not receive the same fanfare.
    • What was the failed invasion of Cuba?
      • The Bay of Pigs
    • Who lost the 1960 presidential election?
      • Richard Nixon
    • 1960 Election Notes
    • What divider separated West Berlin from East Germany?
      • The Berlin Wall
    • Who ordered the wall to be built?
      • Nikita Khrushchev
    • Why was Kennedy’s religious beliefs important in the 1960 election?
      • He was Roman Catholic; people were worried about the Pope’s influence.
    • How did the Cuban Missile Crisis end?
      • Khrushchev agreed to remove the missiles as long as the U.S. promised not to invade Cuba and removed its own missiles from Turkey.
    • What was the new communication method created to help ease Cold War tensions?
      • The Hot Line
    • What did the Limited Test Ban Treaty accomplish?
      • It barred nuclear testing in the atmosphere.