Chapter 8 Section 3 Segregation and Discrimination
Racism during this time period… <ul><li>Segregation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>almost every aspect of southern society was segr...
Racism during this time period… <ul><li>Voting Rights </li></ul><ul><ul><li>following reconstruction African Americans wer...
Jim Crow Laws <ul><li>Southern states passed these laws to enforce segregation. </li></ul><ul><li>Separated black and whit...
Ida B. Wells <ul><li>Teacher turned newspaper editor in Memphis, TN. </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote about 3 friends who were lync...
Plessy v. Ferguson <ul><li>May 18, 1896 </li></ul><ul><li>Supreme Court ruled that segregation was legal and did not viola...
Violence <ul><li>Blacks were often accused of violating “the racial etiquette” and faced severe punishment including death...
Western Discrimination <ul><li>Racial tensions affected Mexicans, Asians, Native Americans, and African Americans. </li></...
Dawn of Mass Culture <ul><li>Leisure </li></ul><ul><li>Amusement Parks – Coney Island 1884 </li></ul><ul><li>Bicycling and...
Literature and Fine Arts <ul><li>Joseph Pulitzer – innovations in newspapers </li></ul><ul><li>William Randolph Hearst </l...
Shopping <ul><li>Marshall Field </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chicago 1865 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Opened first department stor...
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Chapter 8 Section 3

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Chapter 8 Section 3

  1. 1. Chapter 8 Section 3 Segregation and Discrimination
  2. 2. Racism during this time period… <ul><li>Segregation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>almost every aspect of southern society was segregated by law. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>schools and neighborhoods in many northern cities were segregated. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Violence/ Lynchings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>White southerners used violence to prevent Africans Americans from demanding equality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Racial violence in the north was more random and less systematic. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Racism during this time period… <ul><li>Voting Rights </li></ul><ul><ul><li>following reconstruction African Americans were deprived of their right to vote. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>denied them political power and allowed whites to run the government any way they chose. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Voting Limitations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grandfather clause </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poll tax </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Literacy Tests </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Jim Crow Laws <ul><li>Southern states passed these laws to enforce segregation. </li></ul><ul><li>Separated black and white people in public and private places. </li></ul><ul><li>Schools, hospitals, parks, and transportation systems are examples. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Ida B. Wells <ul><li>Teacher turned newspaper editor in Memphis, TN. </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote about 3 friends who were lynched. </li></ul><ul><li>Fought against violence and discrimination by writing, lecturing, and organizing groups. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Plessy v. Ferguson <ul><li>May 18, 1896 </li></ul><ul><li>Supreme Court ruled that segregation was legal and did not violate 14 th Amendment. </li></ul><ul><li>Established “separate but equal” doctrine. </li></ul><ul><li>The decision lasted for almost 60 years. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Violence <ul><li>Blacks were often accused of violating “the racial etiquette” and faced severe punishment including death. </li></ul><ul><li>From 1882 – 1892, more than 1,400 African Americans were shot, burned, or hanged without a trial in the south. </li></ul><ul><li>Lynching: to execute without due process. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Western Discrimination <ul><li>Racial tensions affected Mexicans, Asians, Native Americans, and African Americans. </li></ul><ul><li>Debt Peonage: a system that bound laborers into slavery in order to work off a debt to the employer. </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese immigrants were segregated into neighborhoods and schools. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ch. 7 – Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Dawn of Mass Culture <ul><li>Leisure </li></ul><ul><li>Amusement Parks – Coney Island 1884 </li></ul><ul><li>Bicycling and Tennis </li></ul><ul><li>Coca Cola – 1886 Atlanta </li></ul><ul><li>Baseball & Boxing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National League – 1876 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>American League – 1900 </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Literature and Fine Arts <ul><li>Joseph Pulitzer – innovations in newspapers </li></ul><ul><li>William Randolph Hearst </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sensational newspaper stories. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tried to compete with Pulitzer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mark Twain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Novelist & Humorist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wrote American classics such as the adventures of Huckleberry Finn. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Shopping <ul><li>Marshall Field </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chicago 1865 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Opened first department store </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chain Stores </li></ul><ul><li>Catalogs and RFD </li></ul>
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