Chapter 8 Section 2

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Chapter 8 Section 2

  1. 1. Chapter 8 Section 2 Expanding Public Education
  2. 2. Warm-up <ul><li>What are the 3 benefits of Education according to the passage on page 282? </li></ul><ul><li>A key to greater security and social status. </li></ul><ul><li>The best opportunity to assimilate the millions of immigrants. </li></ul><ul><li>Necessary for a stable and prosperous democratic nation. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Essay Questions <ul><li>Discuss the reasons immigrants came to the United States in the last half of the 19 th century (1850-1900) and the problems they encountered upon arriving. </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the problems that growing cities encountered in the last half of the 19 th century (1850-1900) and the solutions that were used to fix these problems. </li></ul><ul><li>??? </li></ul>
  4. 4. New Importance of Public Education <ul><li>William Torrey Harris </li></ul><ul><ul><li>US Commissioner of Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Schools should prepare students for full participation in community life. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mid 1800’s most students only went to school for 4 years. </li></ul><ul><li>1865-1895: laws were passed requiring 12 to 16 weeks each year for kids. </li></ul><ul><li>Carnegie – Keeping workers loyal to capitalism required society to “provide ladders upon which the aspiring can rise.” </li></ul>
  5. 5. Expanding Education
  6. 6. Racial Discrimination <ul><li>1880 Elementary Attendance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>62% of white students attended elementary school </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>34% of African-American </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1890 High School Attendance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fewer than 1% of black teenagers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Majority of these students went to private schools with no government funding. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Education for Immigrants <ul><li>Immigrants were encouraged to go to school. </li></ul><ul><li>Immigrants became Americanized. </li></ul><ul><li>Adult immigrants attended night school to learn English. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The 3 rd Essay Question <ul><li>Compare & Contrast the views of Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois on the subject of the education of African Americans. </li></ul><ul><li>Page 285 </li></ul>
  9. 9. Booker T. Washington & W.E.B. DuBois <ul><li>Freed from slavery as a child. </li></ul><ul><li>African-American educator & Civil Rights Leader </li></ul><ul><li>Founded Tuskegee University </li></ul><ul><li>Believed racism would end once black students acquired useful labor skills. </li></ul><ul><li>Strategy: Work from the bottom up. (gradually) </li></ul><ul><li>First African American to be invited to the White House. </li></ul><ul><li>Born into a free mixed race family in Massachusetts. </li></ul><ul><li>Scholar & Civil Rights Leader </li></ul><ul><li>Founder of the NAACP </li></ul><ul><li>Believed racism would end using the “talented tenth” principle. </li></ul><ul><li>Strategy: Work from the top down. (quickly) </li></ul><ul><li>First African American to receive a doctorate from Harvard. </li></ul>

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