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Chapter 8 Section 2


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  • 1. Chapter 8 Section 2 Expanding Public Education
  • 2. Warm-up
    • What are the 3 benefits of Education according to the passage on page 282?
    • A key to greater security and social status.
    • The best opportunity to assimilate the millions of immigrants.
    • Necessary for a stable and prosperous democratic nation.
  • 3. Essay Questions
    • Discuss the reasons immigrants came to the United States in the last half of the 19 th century (1850-1900) and the problems they encountered upon arriving.
    • Describe the problems that growing cities encountered in the last half of the 19 th century (1850-1900) and the solutions that were used to fix these problems.
    • ???
  • 4. New Importance of Public Education
    • William Torrey Harris
      • US Commissioner of Education
      • Schools should prepare students for full participation in community life.
    • Mid 1800’s most students only went to school for 4 years.
    • 1865-1895: laws were passed requiring 12 to 16 weeks each year for kids.
    • Carnegie – Keeping workers loyal to capitalism required society to “provide ladders upon which the aspiring can rise.”
  • 5. Expanding Education
  • 6. Racial Discrimination
    • 1880 Elementary Attendance
      • 62% of white students attended elementary school
      • 34% of African-American
    • 1890 High School Attendance
      • Fewer than 1% of black teenagers
      • Majority of these students went to private schools with no government funding.
  • 7. Education for Immigrants
    • Immigrants were encouraged to go to school.
    • Immigrants became Americanized.
    • Adult immigrants attended night school to learn English.
  • 8. The 3 rd Essay Question
    • Compare & Contrast the views of Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois on the subject of the education of African Americans.
    • Page 285
  • 9. Booker T. Washington & W.E.B. DuBois
    • Freed from slavery as a child.
    • African-American educator & Civil Rights Leader
    • Founded Tuskegee University
    • Believed racism would end once black students acquired useful labor skills.
    • Strategy: Work from the bottom up. (gradually)
    • First African American to be invited to the White House.
    • Born into a free mixed race family in Massachusetts.
    • Scholar & Civil Rights Leader
    • Founder of the NAACP
    • Believed racism would end using the “talented tenth” principle.
    • Strategy: Work from the top down. (quickly)
    • First African American to receive a doctorate from Harvard.