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Chapter 7 Section 3
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Chapter 7 Section 3

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Transcript

  • 1. Chapter 7 Section 3 Politics in the Gilded Age
  • 2. Key Terms
    • Political Machine
      • Offered services to voters in exchange for political or financial support.
    • Graft - the illegal use of political influence for personal gain.
      • Kickbacks
      • Bribes
    • Patronage – A.K.A. “The Spoils System”
      • a politicians power to appoint people who helped him get elected.
      • People were not as qualified to work.
  • 3. The Political Machine Political Boss Ward Boss Purpose: Secured vote in all the precincts in the ward. Local Precinct Workers and Captains Purpose: To gain voters’ support in local areas.
  • 4. The Political Boss
    • Controlled city jobs, business licenses, the courts, and other agencies.
    • Bosses were not all dirty.
      • Many used their influence to help their people.
      • Helped to solve urban problems.
    • Many immigrants were bosses or captains.
  • 5. Boss Tweed
    • Head of Tammany Hall – New York’s political machine
    • Defrauded New York
    • Used graft as method.
    • Caught in 1871.
    • Sentenced to prison twice…second time he escaped and was caught in Spain.
  • 6. The Tammany Tiger Loose – p. 269
  • 7. Hayes, Garfield, and Arthur
    • Reformers of the Spoils System.
    • Rutherford B. Hayes (1876-1880) hires independents in his cabinet.
    • James A. Garfield (1880-1881) was elected and continued to reform.
      • Shot by assassin.
      • Died September 19, 1881.
    • Chester A. Arthur turned to reformer and passed Pendleton Civil Service Act of 1883 to use merit system for jobs.
  • 8. What was the purpose of the political machine?
  • 9. Who was at the top of the political machine?
  • 10. What did Boss Tweed do wrong?