Ch 2 Sec 3 & 4


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Ch 2 Sec 3 & 4

  1. 1. Chapter 2 Sections 3 & 4 The Constitution and a New Nation
  2. 2. Warm-up <ul><li>Put the following documents in order from when they were signed or approved. </li></ul><ul><li>List the year. </li></ul><ul><li>The Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>The Article of Confederation </li></ul><ul><li>The Declaration of Independence </li></ul><ul><li>The Treaty of Paris (to end the Revolutionary War) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Warm-up <ul><li>The Declaration of Independence </li></ul><ul><li>July 4, 1776 </li></ul><ul><li>The Article of Confederation </li></ul><ul><li>March, 1781 </li></ul><ul><li>The Treaty of Paris (to end the Revolutionary War) </li></ul><ul><li>September, 1783 </li></ul><ul><li>The Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>June, 1788 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Declaration Basics <ul><li>All men are created equal. </li></ul><ul><li>Unalienable Rights – cannot be . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Includes freedom of speech and religion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The government governs with the consent of the people. </li></ul><ul><li>The Declaration showed that the English government did not uphold these principles. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Articles of Confederation <ul><li>1 st form of government starting at the end of the Revolutionary War. </li></ul><ul><li>Criticized for being . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Need for strong government. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In danger of states falling away into other alliances and not being prepared for a invasion. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Treaty of Paris <ul><li>Signed September 3, 1783 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Formally ended the Revolutionary War. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The war unofficially ended with the British surrender at – 1781. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Britain recognized the of the United States. </li></ul><ul><li>American representatives were John Adams, Ben Franklin, and John Jay. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Shay’s Rebellion <ul><li>1786 </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers protest over state taxes. </li></ul><ul><li>Shows the need for a stronger national government. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Need for Change <ul><li>Constitutional Convention </li></ul><ul><li>1787 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania </li></ul>
  9. 9. Constitutional Compromises
  10. 11. Big Ideas in the Constitution
  11. 12. Big Ideas in the Constitution
  12. 13. Separation of Powers <ul><li>Executive Branch </li></ul><ul><ul><li>President </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cabinet Secretaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Federal Agencies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Legislative Branch </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Congress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>House of Representatives </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Senate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Judicial Branch </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supreme Court </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower Level Courts </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. Make 3 columns on your sheet!
  14. 15. Writes and Enacts Laws
  15. 16. Appoints Judges…
  16. 17. The head of this branch will preside over a presidential impeachment trial.
  17. 18. Has sole power to declare war…
  18. 19. Ratifies Treaties…
  19. 20. May veto laws…
  20. 21. Determines whether a law is constitutional…
  21. 22. May start investigations, especially against the executive branch…
  22. 23. Makes decrees or declarations (state of emergency)…
  23. 24. Has sole power to interpret the law and apply it to particular disputes…
  24. 25. Operational command of the military…
  25. 26. Enacts Taxes, Authorizes Borrowing, and Sets the Budget…
  26. 27. Polices its own members…
  27. 28. Has the power to grant pardons to convicted criminals…
  28. 29. The Bill of Rights <ul><li>Finish this sentence: </li></ul><ul><li>The purpose of the Bill of Rights is to protect the from the . </li></ul>
  29. 30. Questions
  30. 31. Which came first, the Articles of Confederation or the Constitution? The Articles of Confederation
  31. 32. What event happened that alerted Americans of the need for a strong national government? Shay’s Rebellion
  32. 33. What was the great compromise? A two-house Congress to satisfy both small and big states.
  33. 34. What was the three-fifths compromise? Three-fifths of the states’ slaves to be counted as part of the population.
  34. 35. What does “checks and balances” mean as it applies to the Constitution? System to prevent any one branch from dominating the other.
  35. 36. Homework <ul><li>Blue Worksheet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Amendments 1-27 Circle the correct answer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use pages 96 – 103 for help. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Due tomorrow!!! </li></ul></ul>