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CHAPTER 20 Section 1 Kennedy and the Cold War
JACK <ul><li>John F. Kennedy </li></ul><ul><li>President 1961-1963 </li></ul><ul><li>Former Democrat Senator from Massachu...
PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION OF 1960
1960 ELECTION NOTES
JOHN F. KENNEDY
CONTRAST OF COLD WAR PRESIDENTS Kennedy Truman Eisenhower
MAKE A TABLE IN YOUR NOTES… Event Bay of Pigs Cuban Missile Crisis Berlin Wall Crisis When Where What Happened The Outcome
BAY OF PIGS – APRIL 1961 <ul><li>The Bay of Pigs is a small, southern inlet on the island of Cuba. (Bay of Triggerfish) </...
 
BAY OF PIGS <ul><li>Immediate Outcome: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Totally unsuccessful. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>115 Killed/1...
 
CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS – OCTOBER 1962 <ul><li>Cuba & the Caribbean Sea </li></ul><ul><li>The U.S. confronted Cuba and the So...
 
 
 
 
CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS <ul><li>Result: </li></ul><ul><li>Both Kennedy and Khrushchev feared the start of a nuclear war. </li...
CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS <ul><li>Long Term Effects: </li></ul><ul><li>Hot-Line Created : a direct line between the White House...
BERLIN WALL CRISIS – 1961-1989 <ul><li>Conflict: Too many East Germans are defecting to West Berlin for freedom. </li></ul...
THE BERLIN WALL
 
BERLIN WALL CRISIS <ul><li>Outcome: </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrated the divide between Communism and Democracy. </li></ul><...
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Kennedy & The Cold War Part 1

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  1. 1. CHAPTER 20 Section 1 Kennedy and the Cold War
  2. 2. JACK <ul><li>John F. Kennedy </li></ul><ul><li>President 1961-1963 </li></ul><ul><li>Former Democrat Senator from Massachusetts </li></ul><ul><li>Presidential Terms known as Camelot </li></ul><ul><li>Presidency known for 3 crises. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bay of Pigs Invasion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Berlin Wall Crisis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cuban Missile Crisis </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION OF 1960
  4. 4. 1960 ELECTION NOTES
  5. 5. JOHN F. KENNEDY
  6. 6. CONTRAST OF COLD WAR PRESIDENTS Kennedy Truman Eisenhower
  7. 7. MAKE A TABLE IN YOUR NOTES… Event Bay of Pigs Cuban Missile Crisis Berlin Wall Crisis When Where What Happened The Outcome
  8. 8. BAY OF PIGS – APRIL 1961 <ul><li>The Bay of Pigs is a small, southern inlet on the island of Cuba. (Bay of Triggerfish) </li></ul><ul><li>It was a failed invasion in attempt to overthrow the Cuban dictator Fidel Castro. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eisenhower’s Idea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Headed by the CIA (approved by JFK) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Main force was Cuban exiles trained by the CIA. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. BAY OF PIGS <ul><li>Immediate Outcome: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Totally unsuccessful. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>115 Killed/1,189 Captured </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Embarrassment for the U.S. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Long Term Effects: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More Soviet weapons for Cuba. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased hostility between the 2 nations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helped pave the way for the Cuban Missile Crisis. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>U.S. = “looked like fools to our friends, rascals to our enemies, and incompetents to the rest.” </li></ul>
  10. 12. CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS – OCTOBER 1962 <ul><li>Cuba & the Caribbean Sea </li></ul><ul><li>The U.S. confronted Cuba and the Soviet Union about nuclear weapons that had been placed 90 miles from the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Kennedy issued a “quarantine” to restrict more ships with weapons from going to Cuba. </li></ul>
  11. 17. CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS <ul><li>Result: </li></ul><ul><li>Both Kennedy and Khrushchev feared the start of a nuclear war. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They successfully negotiated an agreement to end the stand-off. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soviet Union had to remove missiles from Cuba </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. had to remove missiles from Turkey (secretly). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Outcome: </li></ul><ul><li>The world was saved. </li></ul><ul><li>Khrushchev loses power. </li></ul>
  12. 18. CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS <ul><li>Long Term Effects: </li></ul><ul><li>Hot-Line Created : a direct line between the White House and the Kremlin for communication between the two. </li></ul><ul><li>Limited Test Ban Treaty : barred nuclear testing in the atmosphere. </li></ul>
  13. 19. BERLIN WALL CRISIS – 1961-1989 <ul><li>Conflict: Too many East Germans are defecting to West Berlin for freedom. </li></ul><ul><li>Khrushchev’s Response : Wall around West Berlin </li></ul><ul><li>The Berlin Wall created many tense moments: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Checkpoint Charlie </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>133 People killed trying to cross the wall. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 20. THE BERLIN WALL
  15. 22. BERLIN WALL CRISIS <ul><li>Outcome: </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrated the divide between Communism and Democracy. </li></ul><ul><li>Example of the powerful will’s by both superpowers. </li></ul><ul><li>Tearing down of the wall in 1989 signaled the coming end of Communism in Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>Gave David Hasselhoff a chance to show his guitar skills to a national audience. </li></ul>
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