Renaissance and Reformation
The Renaissance
Section 5.1
The Italian Renaissance
• Renaissance Italy was basically an urban
society. City-states were powerful.
• Renaissance was a...
The Italian States
• The lack of a strong ruler made it possible for
city-states to remain independent.
– Milan was ruled ...
The Italian Wars
• The French king, Charles VIII, was lured to
invade Italy to obtain the riches of trade.
• Italy turned ...
French King Charles
VIIII invaded Italy to
gain riches.
Invasion of Italy
French King Charles VIII
invaded France.
King Charles I of Spain
rescued France.
Machiavelli and New Statecraft
• Niccolo Machiavelli wrote The Prince, an
influential book on political power.
– Most writ...
Society (Nobility)
• The nobility was a small percentage of the
population, but they held important political
posts.
• The...
The Book of the Courtier
Society (Peasants/Townspeople)
• Most individuals were peasants. Serfdom
decreased and labor that was owed to the
lords wa...
Society (Family and Marriage)
• The family bond was a great source of security
in the dangerous urban world.
• The father-...
Section 5.1 notes
Section 5.1 notes
Section 5.1 notes
Section 5.1 notes
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Section 5.1 notes

341 views
253 views

Published on

Chapter 5 Section 1

Published in: Travel, Spiritual
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
341
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Section 5.1 notes

  1. 1. Renaissance and Reformation The Renaissance Section 5.1
  2. 2. The Italian Renaissance • Renaissance Italy was basically an urban society. City-states were powerful. • Renaissance was an age of recovery from fourteenth century disasters. (Plague, political instability, decline of Church power) • Renaissance provided a new view of human beings and their individual abilities.
  3. 3. The Italian States • The lack of a strong ruler made it possible for city-states to remain independent. – Milan was ruled by the Visconti family and later the Sforza dukes. It prospered from trade and an efficient tax system. – Venice was a rich trade empire that was ruled by a small group of self-serving merchant-aristocrats. – Florence was the cultural center of Renaissance Italy. It was governed by the powerful Medici family.
  4. 4. The Italian Wars • The French king, Charles VIII, was lured to invade Italy to obtain the riches of trade. • Italy turned to Spain for protection. For nearly thirty years, Spain and France battled against each other in Italy. • The Spanish king, Charles I, defeated the French at Rome in May of 1527. This left the Spanish as a dominant force in Italy.
  5. 5. French King Charles VIIII invaded Italy to gain riches.
  6. 6. Invasion of Italy French King Charles VIII invaded France. King Charles I of Spain rescued France.
  7. 7. Machiavelli and New Statecraft • Niccolo Machiavelli wrote The Prince, an influential book on political power. – Most writers stressed the ethical side of a prince’s activity. He should live by Christian principles. – Machiavelli believed that a prince should base activity on an understanding of human nature. He acts on behalf of the state, and he must be willing to let his conscience sleep.
  8. 8. Society (Nobility) • The nobility was a small percentage of the population, but they held important political posts. • The Book of the Courtier was written by Baldassare Castiglione. It described the characteristics of a perfect Renaissance noble. – He must have character, grace, and talent. – He must be a warrior, and he was expected to gain a classical education.
  9. 9. The Book of the Courtier
  10. 10. Society (Peasants/Townspeople) • Most individuals were peasants. Serfdom decreased and labor that was owed to the lords was converted to rent. • Townspeople were mostly merchants and artisans. – Patricians – trade, industry, banking – Burghers – shopkeepers, artisans, guild masters – Workers and unemployed – about 30-40 percent of the population and earned pitiful wages.
  11. 11. Society (Family and Marriage) • The family bond was a great source of security in the dangerous urban world. • The father-husband was the center of the Italian family. • The dowry was the most important part of the marriage contract. It was the sum of money that was given by the wife’s family to the husband.

×